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Confucianism: A General Timeline
Transcript of Confucianism: A General Timeline
221 B.C.E-207 B.C.E. "Burning of the Books" 213 B.C.E. As commanded by the only emperor of the Qin Dynasty, many books of different subjects (including Confucianism) were burned. Only books with necessary skills and books pertaining to the history of the Qin dynasty were kept. "Burying of the Scholars" 212 B.C.E. Also commanded by the Qin emperor, over 470 scholars, who were primarily Confucian, were gathered at the Qin capitol, Hsien Chi, and killed. Han Dynasty
206 B.C.E.-220 C.E. Han Establishment of Confucianism 202 B.C.E. Han establishes Confuciansim as its state cult. From the support of Confucianism, two schooks developed; the school of old text, which focused on the human qualities of the text and the founding figures. The other school was the School of New Text, which put a supernatural connotation on the early records and figures. Han Expansion 141-87 B.C.E. Emperor Han Wu-Ti's expansion into Korean and Vietnamese territory, which allowed the spread of Confucian ideals to these regions. Appointment of the Scholars of the Five Classics 136 B.C.E. Introduction of Confucianism into Korea Around the Third Century Establishment of Royal Confucian Academy in Korea 682 C.E. Three Kingdoms and Silla Period in Korea
~Third Century-918 C.E. Introduction of Confucianism in Japan ~Third Century. Confucianism was introduced into Japan when Confucian texts were sent to the Japanese court by Wai of Paekche (Korea). 17 Article Constitution 604 C.E. Constitution issued by Shotoku Taishi, was created to centralize institution. This document is notable due to the content of Confucian cosmological concepts, such as the concepts of Heaven, Earth, and Man, along with thier mutual responsibilities. Taika Reform 604 C.E. Was created for further centralization and unification of the government. The reform had asserted the Confucian principle of imperial rule. Shotoku Taishi
573-621 C.E. Han Yu 768-824 C.E. He was considered the reviver of Confucianism. With his revival of the religion, he also attacked Buddhism and Daoism, which had become prominent throughout China during the Tang Dynasty. Tang Dynasty
618-907 C.E. Persecution of Buddhism 843-845 C.E. Koryo Kingdom in Korea
918-1392 C.E. An Hyang 1243-1306 C.E. Korean Neo-Confucian who had introduced Neo-Confucianism to Korea Sung Dynasty
960-1279 C.E. Ming Dynasty
1368-1644 C.E. Chosen Dynasty of Korea
1392-1910 C.E. Qing Dynasty
1644-1912 C.E. Republic of China
1912-1949 C.E. People's Republic of China and Nationalist China
1949-? C.E. May 4th Movement 1919 C.E. The May 4th Movement was an initiative to bring about modernization and westernization to China. Any peoples that clung to old traditions or beliefs, like Confucians, were targeted by the movement, which made the initiative anti-Confucian in that respect. Cultural Revolution 1966-1976 C.E. Period in which traditional ways were prosecuted by Mao Tse-Tung and the communists in order to keep control over the republic. This included the public ridicule of Confucians. Royal Confucian Academy rebuilt in Korea 1367 C.E. Chang Tsai 1020-1077 C.E. Neo-Confucian scholar who was part of the School of Principle. He had written a popular and famous Confucian text known as Hsi Ming, or the "Western Inscription." Chu Hsi 1130-1200 C.E. He was a Neo-Confucian of the school of principle. He had helped to incorporated the Four Books (Analects, Mencius, The Doctrine of Mean and The Great Learning) as part of the Confucian Canon as a supplement or replacement for the teachings of the Five Classics. Yi T'oegye 1501-1570 C.E. Neo-Confucian credited with establishing the orthodox Neo-Confucian tradition in Korea. Wang Yang-ming 1472-1529 C.E. Neo-Confucian whose philosophy, that the nature of things could be determined by the study of the mind, became the basis of the Neo-Confucian School of Mind. During this dynasty, the development of schools of Confucianism had developed to reconcile the traditions of classical Confucianism: Shih Husueh (Practical Learning), which focused on moral learning and addressing the issues of the world, and Kao Cheng (Evidential Research), which emphasized close study of the ancient texts. Both of these schools rejected Buddhism. Development of Neo-Confucianism 649-1127 C.E. Neo-Confucianism sought out to revive the old teachings of Confucianism, while addressing the large influence that Buddhism and Daoism had in China at the time. This prominence had influence Neo-Confucianism in the way that the movement sought to create a way to have a spiritual life alongside the study and moral learning of Confucianism. New Confucianism 1970's-? New Confucian movement that sought to combine the ideals of western civlization with the old traditions and beliefs of Confucianism to adapt it to the modern age.