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Decolonization of Somalia

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Allison Ketchersid

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Decolonization of Somalia

Decolonization of Somalia
Basic Information
Colonizer(s):
Britain and Italy
Colonized:
Somalia
Dates:
Colonization:
Britain in 1887(no changes made until about 1920)
Italy during WWII
Independence: June 26 (Britain) and June 31 (Italy) 1960
Pre-Colonization
1200-1600s: City-state system, with a Sultan at the head
1600s-1920: Minor rulers that led to the decline of Somalia
Gains from colony
Decolonization Effects
Independence: Britain and Italy granted each of their sectors independence in 1960. It was a nonviolent movement.
Current Day Country
Political
Political:
1920: Somalia was divided into British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland
Social
First Islamic Kingdom in Eastern Asia.
Close ties with many other kingdoms and countries in Africa, the Middle East, and Europe
Social:
Italian Somaliland leaned towards a fascist social organization
British Somaliland was unchanged, except for Christianity being introduced
Economical
Major port for trading, economic center for the Mediterranean
Economic ties with Asia
Economical:
Italian Somaliland was the most developed in East Africa, due to improved infrastructure and foreign investments
Italy also helped the economy by introducing textile mills
British Somaliland was developed more than it had been, but was generally left alone by Britain
by: Allison Ketchersid, Justin Kim, and Alex Um
Colonized Era
Colonization Changes
Britain:
Used Somalia's ports as a secondary food supply for Aden (Indian port)
Italy:
Soldiers, cash crops, control of land in East Africa
Decolonization Effects
Political:
Originally Somalia had a President, but he was assassinated and the military took over
Britain granted some of Somalia's land to Ethiopia due to debt
Social:
Islam was reintroduced in Somalia
Economic:
Italian developments were spread to the former British Somaliland, Trade began to grow
Social:
Somalia has become semi-dependent on more developed countries for medicine and other supplies
Economic:
Due to the ongoing war, most of somalia's resources have been depleted to a critical level. Their economy is very weak, and they rely on subsistence agriculture
Maps
France:
Was able to gain coal and other earthly minerals in the 20 years it occupied Somalia

Political:
Civil war between the warlords who control the country
Sources
Pictures:
Google Images
Information:
Infoplease.com
Mtholyoke database
boqortooyo.net
historyworld.net
Full transcript