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Agriculture Water Conservation in California

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Hector Chaira

on 18 June 2015

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Transcript of Agriculture Water Conservation in California

MPA 650 - Group 4
Grace Galarza, Roxann Nunez, Vanessa Galvan, Hector Chaira

Keep
California Growing
Policy

A Worldwide Problem
Agenda Setting: The Problem
Agenda Setting: The Problem
Agenda Setting: The Problem Continues
Globally, the agricultural sector consumes about 70% of the planet's accessible fresh water – more than twice that of industry and dwarfing municipal use. (World Wildlife Fund, 2015)
California Water Conservation Act of 2009

NEW!
Keep California Growing
Policy (2015)


Policy Formulation
Reduction of
Thirsty Crops

Increase water price in agriculture by 5% and volumetric billing based on consumption and season.

Water Pricing

Wasteful water habits
Volumetric Billing
Water is under priced
Require water measurement and reporting for all irrigation water supplier and efficient water management plans.

Efficient Water Management
Why?

High Water Consumption Crops
Effect on Economy

Reduce 5% of low-revenue crops for a 5 year span with a total reduction of 25% by 2020
Reduction of Thirsty Crops

Keep California Growing Water Conservation Policy
Effective Water
Management

Increase Price
of Water

Australia's Water Conservation Programs

China's Agriculture Water Policy Reform
India's National Water Policy

=

Mazmanian and Sabtier’s
1989 Top-Down Model
Policy Implementation
Agricultural Sector
Individual’s residence
Industries
ALL OF CALIFORNIA
Targeted Areas

Institutional Actors

Government of California
Water Affairs Bureau, WAB
Ministry of Agriculture, MA
Ministry of Water Resources, MWR
Association of California Water Agencies (ACWA)
Water Regulatory Authority, WRA

Institutional Actor’s Roles

Government
– oversee the WAB, MA, MWR, ACWA, and WRA within the 5 year window until further notice
WAB
– manage pricing for water per capita, using the volumetric billing system
MA
– ensure that production of specified crops is reduced or replaced with other crops that consume less water.
MWR
– manage water allocation among all sectors and water storage
ACWA
– responsible for providing education to farmers on water irrigation and conservation. Enforce the use of efficient irrigation systems.
WRA
– manage water cleanliness, wastewater, and sewage and drain water


Farmers
Individuals
All citizens of California

Non-institutional Actors

Farmers
– decrease production of thirsty crops by 10% every year, implement efficient irrigation systems.
Individuals
– reduce the amount of water use and maintain clean water

Non-institutional Actor’s Roles

How To Maintain Clean Water

Decreasing impervious surfaces to reduce runoff
Using wood decking instead of concrete
Using natural fertilizers and native plants that need less water in our yards
Using slow-watering techniques
Recycling and disposing trash properly
No discarding harmful chemicals in drains, toilets or sinks or using only nontoxic household products
Recycle used motor oil
When your car needs to be washed, simply go to a carwash

Impact on California's Economy
Over 37 million Californians
Nation's largest farm state and market leader
9 million acres of crops
Agriculture = 2% of the state's economy
2% = $48 billion dollars (2012)
High water use, low revenue crops (rice and alfalfa)
$2 billion loss + 17,000 jobs cut
State lacks a comprehensive policy
State needs to consider public health and aquatic ecosystems
Californians are consuming water at an unsustainable rate, particularly the agricultural industry which uses 38% of California's water supply, impacting many people and industries across the state.
Decrease in water supply
4 droughts in last 4 decades
2012 drought the driest 3-year period
1/3 decline in deliveries of surface water to Central Valley farms
Weaknesses in groundwater management
High groundwater pumping volumes decrease supply with drier climate
Pumping cost increase
Damaged aqueducts and infrastructure due to sinking land

Not a New Problem
Water Delivery Systems
State Water Project
Federal Central Valley Project
Water Conservation Act (2009)
Proposition 1 bonds (2014)
Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (2014)
United States Department of Agriculture
Drought Assistance Programs
Conservation Programs
Rebates and Reimbursements
Alliance for Water Efficiency Report
CA has great conservation framework
Enhance, Build, and Change
Policy Evaluation
Planning - We cover this step under policy formation and implementation.

Data Gathering - Identifies the effects and results of policies and measures implemenations.

Dissemination - Assessments, measurements and feedback are feed back into the policy implementation.

Three Stages Of Evaluation
Full transcript