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Georgia: A Royal Colony

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Jeff Welch

on 19 November 2018

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Transcript of Georgia: A Royal Colony

Georgia: Royal Colony
Transition to Royal Colony
Government: Royal Governors
The new royal government called for a governor to oversee the development of the colony and report directly to the king.
Georgia had 3 royal governors during the royal colony period.
Henry Ellis (served from 1757-1760)
Georgia's second royal governor was Henry Ellis.
He taught the colonists how to govern themselves, importance of a budget, taxes, and military defense.
He had a good relationship with legislature.
Left office in 1760 due to health issues.
James Wright (served 1760-1776)
In 1750, slavery was accepted and allowed in the Georgia colony.
Slaves endured many hardships such as; long hours, no wages, and being restricted from receiving an education.
Slavery would become a huge economic institution throughout Georgia's colonial history.
Once Georgia becomes a royal colony, colonists are now allowed to buy, sell, and trade land.
Colonists began to develop large plantations along river deltas.
Colonists grew crops such as;
ilk, and
obacco. (WRIST)
Land Ownership

Georgia was not successful during the Trustee Period.
Why was Georgia not prospering?

Georgia became a royal colony in 1752 after James Oglethorpe and the Trustees gave control back to the king and the British Government.

New Rules/Laws
John Reynolds (served from 1754-1756)
John Reynolds was Georgia's first royal governor. He was a former naval officer, but could not get along with the colonial legislature, so the king removed him.
(Like "Reynolds Wrap"... He doesn't stick to Georgia.)
Georgia's final royal governor was James Wright.
Wright was very popular in Georgia during his time as governor.
He negotiated many treaties with the Native Americans, opening up millions of acres for settlements.
He helped expand Georgia's boarders our to the Mississippi River; Alabama and Mississippi were once apart of Georgia.
Under his leadership, Georgia prospered and grew faster than any other European colony in America.
"Wright was right for Georgia!"
Georgia's royal time period would end in 1776 when America gains its independence.
Georgia's new colonial legislature allowed Georgia's colonists to have a voice in how their colony was governed.
However, colonists' were limited in three ways:
only white male citizens who owned at least 50 acres of land were allowed to vote.
a colonist could only be elected to the legislature if he owned more than 500 acres of land.
the king (or governor) could veto any law passed by the colonial legislature.
Restrictions on Self-Government
New Rules/Laws Cont.
Full transcript