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C3: Legal Influences

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Geeta Raja

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of C3: Legal Influences

Chapter 3: Legal Influence
Overview
International Labour Organisation (ILO)
- Origins, Mission & Objective
- Productivity, Employability and Skills Development

Positive and negative of
- Skills demand
- Adjustment cost
- Dynamic development process
Productivity, Employability and Skills Development
References (APA)

Government of Singapore. (2012). EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN MANPOWER ACT (CHAPTER 91A). Retrieved from Ministry of Manpower: http://www.mom.gov.sg/documents/services-forms/passes/wpspassconditions.pdf

Hays. (2012). Top 10 trends for 2013. Press Releases. doi:http://www.hays.com.sg/press-releases/HAYS_083380

International Labour Office Geneva. "Skills for improved productivity, employment growth and development." International Labour Conference, 97th Session, 2008. Geneva, 2008.

International Labour Organization (ILO). (2008). Report V - Skills for improved productivity, employment growth and development. Retrieved from International Labour Organization (ILO): http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_norm/@relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_092054.pdf

International Labour Organization (ILO). ILO & Singapore Ministry of Manpower sign partnership agreement to improve labour and workplace practices. June 15, 2011. http://www.ilo.org/asia/info/public/pr/WCMS_157945/lang--en/index.htm (accessed June 2013).

International Labour Standards Department. List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions . July 2013. (accessed June 2013).

Lee, Hsien Long. (2012). Speech  by  Prime  Minister  Lee  Hsien  Loong  at  Singapore Manufacturers'  Federation  80th  anniversary  dinner. Prime Minister Office. doi:http://www.pmo.gov.sg/content/pmosite/mediacentre/speechesninterviews/primeminister/2012/September/speech_by_prime_ministerleehsienloongatsingaporemanufacturersfed.m.html

Lee, Hsien Long. (2013). Speech  by  Prime  Minister  Lee  Hsien  Loong  at  may  day rally  2013  (english). Prime Minister Office. doi:http://www.pmo.gov.sg/content/pmosite/mediacentre/speechesninterviews/primeminister/2013/May/speech_by_prime_ministerleehsienloongatmaydayrally2013english.html

Lee, Hsien Long. (2013). Speech  by  Prime  Minister  Lee  Hsien  Loong  at Yale-­Nus  college  groundbreaking  ceremony. Prime Minister Office. doi:http://www.pmo.gov.sg/content/pmosite/mediacentre/speechesninterviews/primeminister/2012/July/speech_by_prime_ministerleehsienloongatyale-nuscollegegroundbrea.html

Lee, Terence. "When it comes to innovation, Singapore government shoots itself in the foot." Triple Point Pte. Ltd. July 3, 2013. http://sgentrepreneurs.com/2013/07/03/when-it-comes-to-innovation-singapore-government-shoots-itself-in-the-foot/.

Ministry of Manpower. (2012). Labour market highlights 2011-12. Skills in Demand. doi:http://www.mom.gov.sg/Documents/Skills%20Training%20and%20Development/Labour%20Market%20Highlights%202011-12.pdf

Singapore Tripartism Forum. "NWC Pushes For Higher Wages." Tripartism at work. July 2011. http://www.tripartism.sg/assets/files/Archive/STF%20enewsletter%20July2011_7th_issue.pdf.
Team Members:
Mahesh Mohan (31628113)
Apple Ong (32145365)
Stella Su (31778631)
Cherish Tan (32016911)
Sally Toh (32162684)
Wong Mei Yen (32101073)
Varatharaja Geeta (31736469)

Singapore joined ILO in 1965
Competitiveness, productivity and jobs
Labor market governance in Asia and the Pacific
The youth employment challenge in Asia and the Pacific
Protecting migrant workers
Productivity, Employability and Skills Development
Objectives
- Meet skills demand in terms of relevance and quality
- Mitigate adjustment costs
- Sustain a dynamic development process
Promote and realise standards of fundamental principles and rights at work
Create greater opportunities for woman and man to decent employment and income
Enhance coverage and effectiveness of social protection
Strengthen tripatism and social dialogue
(International Labour Organization)

ILO started in 1919
1st ILO conference was held in Geneva in 1920.
Reflect the belief the universal and everlasting peace can be established on social justice
Mission & Objectives
ILO & Singapore
ILO
Origins
Definition
Skills development policy
Understanding what it means
Relationship between inputs and outputs
Measured in terms of labour productivity
Different levels
- National level
- Enterprise level
- Individual level
Important to consider all factors, especially skills development
Skills Demand
Policies that are designed to meet skills demand will contribute to productivity, employability and decent work:

Enterprises can use technologies efficiently and full exploit productivity potentials.

Young people acquire employable skills which facilitate their transitions from school to work and smooth integration into labour market

Workers build up and improve competences and develop their career in a process of lifelong learning, and

Disadvantaged population groups have access to education, training and the labout market
Adjustment Cost
Policies and programmes that lessen the cost for workers and enterprises:

Reduced risk of need for enterprises to adjust, downsize or even close down

Workers equipped with skills from skills upgrading, retraining and re-skilling.

Facilitates reinsertion of workers into the labour market.

Help to insure against job loss, reduce the risk of unemployment and reestablish the workers’ employability
Policies and programmes that lessen the cost for workers and enterprises:

Employment policies that promote people that are able to work to work to their best ability - regardless of age.

No welfare based system to support overall population

Wage structure, incentives and employee benefits modified to suit productivity and ultimately profitability

Manpower issues that force employers to source for foreign talents.
Dynamic Development Process
The policies on education and training in triggering and continuously fueling technological change, domestic and foreign investment, diversification and competitiveness.

Upgrading technologies and diversifying economic activities - Increased productivity growth, together with employment growth in a context of accelerating technological change.

Building the competences of individuals and and capabilities of society - attract more knowledge-intensive domestic and foreign investment.

Applying skills information to match occupational and entrepreneurial skills and competencies - Foresight into national development strategies and skills policies.
The policies on education and training in triggering and continuously fueling technological change, domestic and foreign investment, diversification and competitiveness.

Workfare Income Supplement Schemes - do not support total population, and actual benefits may be perceived as ineffective

Workfare Training Support Schemes - several have become enforced job application criteria - untrained worker force at disadvantage

Influx of high numbers of foreign talent to supplement workforce
Positive
Policies that are designed to meet skills demand that will contribute to productivity, employability and decent work:

Risk of loss of jobs due to technological changes or full automation

Require workforce to adapt to current demands, or face possessing obsolete skills, dampening career progression

Drive to produce according market demands and projections, as opposed to venturing into desired skills
Negative
Positive
Positive
Negative
Negative
Conclusion
Skill Demand
Aging population
Continuing Education and Training (CET) to adapt as the economy changes
Older workforce, longer worker (Retirement & Reemployment ACT)

Adjustment Cost
Training grants for employers
Eco-friendly work practices

Dynamic Development
Attracting and retaining talents
Competitive salaries
Long-term job securities
Encourage SME to be flexible, re-designing jobs for skills
Singapore Labour Trends
Tightening of Foreign Worker Legislation
Skills Shortage
Retention Strategies
Training and Development
Decline in Redundancy
Demand in Biomedical Science & Health Care
Community and Social Services to Expand
More opportunities in Aerospace
- Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Hub
Blooming Services Sector e.g. F&B, Hotel
Construction Continues in Growth
- HDB Supply
Singapore Labour Market
(International Labour Organization (ILO), 2008)
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