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Dada Surrealism

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Elissa Fletcher

on 8 November 2013

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Transcript of Dada Surrealism

Dada & Surrealism
Max Ernst
1891-1976
Marcel Duchamp
1887-1903
Salvador Dali
1904-1989
Timeline
Dada & Surrealism
“Destruction is also creation.”

"Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision."

Spanish painter Salvador Dali was a highly recognized surrealism artist, mostly noted for his highly unusual art which consisted of his dreams, bizarre moods and a technique that he called the 'Paranoiac-Critical method.


Dali's approach was to evoke a subjective understanding of his work subconsciously. Through this technique simply viewing his work would probe the mind of the viewer to experience unconscious thoughts.
- Paints Persistence of Memory
1936
- Flees Spanish Civil War, moves to Paris, Wears diving suit for lecture in London, England, Appears on cover of Time Magazine
1940
-Dali and Gala (wife)escape from Europe during German occupation, seek refuge in United States lasting eight years, Paints first work in exile, Daddy Longlegs of the Evening Hope
1931
Daddylonglegs of the Evening Hope
Surrealism Today
The avant-garde movements of Dada and Surrealism continue to have a huge influence on cultural practice, especially in contemporary art, with its obsession with sexuality, fetishism, and shock tactics.
Marcel Duchamp was well a renowned
painter and mixed media artist, most appreciated for his significant developments in painting and sculptures, as well as his immense impact on twentieth-century and twenty first-century art.

By World War I, he criticized and challenged many conventional works through the use subversive anti-art. His intentions being that he wanted to bring art back to a place of mindfulness and other worldly things.
Timeline
1910
-his work reflects a shift toward Cubism.
1913
-creates 'Bicycle Wheel'
1917
- produces piece 'Fountain' as to test the limits of public tastes and the boundaries of artistic technique
1915
-'The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors'

"It is paradoxical. It is almost schizophrenic. On one side I worked from a very intellectual form of activity, and on the other de-deifying everything by more materialistic thoughts."
A summary:
“Art has
nothing to do
with taste. Art
is not there to
be tasted”
Max Ernst was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. As an artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism.

Ernst moved to Paris, where he later became a founding member of the Surrealists. This lead to his later role in expressing the unconscious mind in art through techniques such as frottage and decalomania. He allowed free association to suggest images he subsequently used in a series of drawings.
Timeline
1921
-collages presented in Paris Exhibition
1924
-became a founding member of the surrealist group
1927
-Produces piece 'The Horde'
1935
-creates series 'The Barbarians'
The Horde
The Barbarians
Persistence of Memory
Salvador Dali
Dada and Surrealism were artistic, literary and intellectual movements of the early 20th century.

Dada began as a response to war propaganda and was developed through a group of independent poets and artists. These artisans attempted to remove conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity.

Surrealism was later developed from the activities of Dadaism during World War 1, with the center of the movement being Paris. From the 1920s onward, the movement spread around the globe, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film, and music as well as political thought and practice, philosophy, and social theory.





1914-
World War l
1915-
Moves to
New York
1916-
Word Dada ("hobbyhorse") is established
1917-
Duchamp exhibits 'Fountain'
1918-
World War l ends
Dada artists in Berlin begin to use photomontage
-
1919-
Kurt Schwitters creates the first 'Merz' work
1924-
First surrealist manifesto
1922-
Dadaism evolves to Surrealism
1939-
Movement ends
-
Beginning of World War ll
The End~
1916-1950
'Bottle rack'
Pictionary!
How to play:
The person drawing will be given a previously mentioned painting in which they will have to replicate.

Your job is to guess the title of this piece before anyone else!
'Cause I told you to pay attention and you didn't
There are FOUR rounds, you have ONE minute.
k.
'The Fountain'
The bride stripped bare
Round 1
Round 2
Round 3
Round 4
The king playing with the queen
Oxford. "Oxford Art Online." Grove Art: Thematic Guide in. Oxford University, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2013.
"What Is Surrealism? Definition, History, Famous Artists." What Is Surrealism? Definition, History, Famous Artists. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2013.
"Dada". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encycloaedia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 07 Nov. 2013
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/149499/Dada>.
http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/timelines/modern_art_timeline_part_2.html
Dadaism Timeline
Full transcript