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Cry the Beloved Country Background:

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by

Melinda Asewicz

on 6 January 2016

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Transcript of Cry the Beloved Country Background:

Cry, the Beloved Country Background:
A History of Apartheid

Colonization
Apartheid
End of Apartheid
Between 1990-96 the policies of apartheid are abolished.

The end of apartheid happens with the involvement of the U.N., protests of South Africans, and Western influence through embargoes.







Cry the Beloved Country
Although
Cry the Beloved Country
is published pre-apartheid (1948), it foreshadows the problems that will haunt South Africa until the 1990's.










Effect of the Novel
Translated into at least twenty languages and sold over fifteen million copies worldwide

Two movies and a play have been adapted based on the novel

Paton paves the way for future South African writers

Remains relevant throughout the struggle for apartheid


1652: The Dutch East India Company settles on the southern coast of Africa to establish a refreshment station for the company's ships en route to the far east.

1688-1700: Joined by the French Huguenots, a Protestant group seeking freedom from their mostly Catholic country.

1795: The British Cape colony also begins to colonize

1815: British are awarded sovereignty of South Africa

Post 1815 people begin expanding past the cape creating many different colonies that are derrived of different ethnic groups and languages


The first British
colony
contained 25,000 slaves, 20,000 white colonists, 15,000 Khoisan (An African tribe), and 1,000 freed black slaves.
Race division

20% White (European)
70% Black (African)
8% Mixed Race
2% Asian





Apartheid - an Afrikaans word meaning the state of being apart.

Form of racial segregation that begins in 1948




The Afrikaner National Party
The National Party gained power in 1948 and instituted the policies of racial segregation.

All black South Africans were separated by living areas, public areas, and banned from mixing relationships.

By 1950 all black South Africans were required to carry "pass books" as a way to gain access to non-black areas

1951 Homelands are independent states that separate people by origin

1969 All black South Africans are stripped of their right to vote
Nelson Mandela
An anti-apartheid revolutionary working to end segregation.

Sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964

Released with the election of F.W. de Klerk in 1990

Elected democratically in 1994

Passed away in 2013



Paton's Background
Born a white South African, Paton is engaged in education and politics as an adult.

Serves as a principal for Diepkloof Reformatory for young (African Black) offenders, where he introduced controversial reforms, including policies on open dormitories, work permits, and home visitation.

After leaving Africa, traveling Europe and America, he writes his novel to encourage change in South Africa.








Literary Elements
Themes

Only love and compassion are strong enough to prevail against hatred and fear.

Unity, equality, and mutual respect are the only route to a better, more peaceful future

People are equal no matter their race

Empathy and religious faith ease life’s sufferings

The power to improve society lies in courageous moral example.





Motifs

Nature/Places

Fear

Hope

Appearance/Reality

Custom



http://www.bookdrum.com/books/cry-the-beloved-country/9780099766810/map.html
Map of South Africa and cities relevant to
Cry, the Beloved Country
Example of Afrikaans Language
Example of Zulu Language
1964 Speech
Stylistic Choices
Microcosms
A tiny world within the macrocosm. Often a microcosm represents ideas and activities present in the macrocosm.

Intercalary Chapters
Expository chapters that come between chapters of plot to relay outside information

These intercalary chapters help connect the macrocosm to the microcosm.

Dashes instead of quotation marks for dialogue

Heavily inspired by John Steinbeck's
The Grapes of Wrath
Symbols
Money/Gold

Johannesburg

Brightness

Earth/Land

The Church

Names

Absalom - Name of King David's son that rebels against him. Originally killed for revenge after his sister was raped.


Peter - Absalom will ask to have his son named Peter. Could signify the need for repentance.


Stephen - Considered the first martyr of Christianity. Underwent martyrdom through extreme suffering


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