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Cry, the Beloved Country Background:
Transcript of Cry, the Beloved Country Background:
A History of Apartheid
End of Apartheid
Between 1990-96 the policies of apartheid are abolished.
The end of apartheid happens with the involvement of the U.N., protests of South Africans, and Western influence through embargoes.
Cry the Beloved Country
Cry, the Beloved Country
is published pre-apartheid (1948), it foreshadows the problems that will haunt South Africa until the 1990's.
Effect of the Novel
Translated into at least twenty languages and sold over fifteen million copies worldwide
Two movies and a play have been adapted based on the novel
Paton paves the way for future South African writers
Remains relevant throughout the struggle for apartheid
1652: The Dutch East India Company settles on the southern coast of Africa to establish a refreshment station for the company's ships en route to the far east.
1688-1700: Joined by the French Huguenots, a Protestant group seeking freedom from their mostly Catholic country.
1795: The British Cape colony also begins to colonize
1815: British are awarded sovereignty of South Africa
Post 1815 people begin expanding past the cape creating many different colonies that are derrived of different ethnic groups and languages
The first British
contained 25,000 slaves, 20,000 white colonists, 15,000 Khoisan (An African tribe), and 1,000 freed black slaves.
20% White (European)
70% Black (African)
8% Mixed Race
Apartheid - an Afrikaans word meaning the state of being apart.
Form of racial segregation that begins in 1948
The Afrikaner National Party
The National Party gained power in 1948 and instituted the policies of racial segregation.
All black South Africans were separated by living areas, public areas, and banned from mixing relationships.
By 1950 all black South Africans were required to carry "pass books" as a way to gain access to non-black areas
1951 Homelands are independent states that separate people by origin
1969 All black South Africans are stripped of their right to vote
An anti-apartheid revolutionary working to end segregation.
Sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964
Released with the election of F.W. de Klerk in 1990
Elected democratically in 1994
Passed away in 2013
Born a white South African, Paton is engaged in education and politics as an adult.
Serves as a principal for Diepkloof Reformatory for young (African Black) offenders, where he introduced controversial reforms, including policies on open dormitories, work permits, and home visitation.
After leaving Africa, traveling Europe and America, he writes his novel to encourage change in South Africa.
Injustice creates a vicious cycle of inequality
Only love and compassion are strong enough to prevail against hatred and fear.
Reconciliation may only happen when unity, equality, and mutual respect are present.
People are equal no matter their race
Empathy and religious faith ease life’s sufferings
The power to improve society and create peace lies in a courageous moral example.
Map of South Africa and cities relevant to
Cry, the Beloved Country
Example of Afrikaans Language
Example of Zulu Language
A tiny world within the macrocosm. Often a microcosm represents ideas and activities present in the macrocosm.
Expository chapters that come between chapters of plot to relay outside information
These intercalary chapters help connect the macrocosm to the microcosm.
Dashes instead of quotation marks for dialogue
Heavily inspired by John Steinbeck's
The Grapes of Wrath
Names as symbols
Absalom - Name of King David's son that rebels against him. Originally killed for revenge after his sister was raped.
Peter - Absalom will ask to have his son named Peter. Could signify the need for repentance.
Stephen - Considered the first martyr of Christianity. Underwent martyrdom through extreme suffering