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Latin American Revolution
Transcript of Latin American Revolution
Latin American revolution was
problems within the spanish
empire. One of those problems
was that in Spain, Ferdinand was
over thrown and a french king
was ruling Spain so the colonies
felt no loyalty to him. one of the effects of the latin american revolution was that many people were killed in the wars that led to independence. 42500 deaths were totaled in Mexico. and in Venezuela 1000000 deaths were counted. Latin American Revolution
Presentation by Cori and Jordan in latin america after the revolutions the people embraced multiculturalism because of the diverse cultures around them. the people who live in latin america were european native and african. although the social pyramid stayed the the different races were embraced. Effects News that also reached the
spanish colonies was of the
victories for American and the
French in their revolutions. This
news inspired the colonists to
revolt because the believed that,
since America and France beat
their motherlands, so can they. the social hierarchy of the Latin America was: Another cause of the Latin American revolution was the enlightenment ideas that were brought back from Europe by the creoles. These ideas were that:
-government was based on a contract between the ruler and the ruled
-government existed to protect, natural rights
-if the government violates the citizens rights they have reason to revolt
These ideas along with other problems heeled the colonist to be able to revolt. Revolution! in the Latin american revolutions Argentina declared there independence in 1816. their armies were led by Jose de San Martin. He led the armies of Argentina to chile to fight with O'Higgins to free chile. He also met with bolivar in Ecuador in 1822 to decide how to get rid of the remaining spanish in Peru. one if the colonies in latin america that gained their independence is Venezuela. in 1811 Venezuela declared their independence. The general Simon Bolivar was unsuccessful at first but he led Venezuela to victory in 1819 when they marched over the Andes into Columbia to defeat the spanish armies there. In the Mexican revolution the indians and Mestizos played the key role in starting their revolution. the creoles sided with Spain to avoid violence of the lower class until 1820 when the sided with Mexico. the first leader of the mexican revolution was Miguel hidgalo, however in 1811 he was defeated by the spanish and the creoles. Although Brazil was ruled by Portugal their revolution is stil counted in the latin american revloutions. in 1807 the recolution started with napolean conquering portugal. because of this the royal family escaped to brazil and ruled from there from 1807 to 1815. However when napolean was defeated in 1815 portugal wanted brazil to become a colony again. in 1822 brazilan creols demanded independence and they signed a petition asking Prince Pedro to cme and rule in Brazil as king. Even thought the Brazilians asked Prince Pedro to come rule his political and personal problems led to the decline in his pouplarity and in 1889 brazilians overthrew him and declared their government a republic. Trade in the Latin american colonies also led to a revolution. Goods produced and grown in the colonies was traded with Spain and Spain alone. Latin America was only allowed to trade within the colonies and with their motherland spain. this caused the colonies to illegally trad with Britian and America. Peninsulares Creoles Mestzios Mulattos Africans Indians Spanish colonists born in Spain Spanish colonist born in the colonies persons mixed of Europeans and Indians Persons mixed of European and African slaves brought over from africa people born in latin america Simon Bolivar also helped lead revolutions in latin america by uniting the Ilneros and the revolutionaries. the Ilneros, which were mixed race cowboys in south america, fought for the king and prevented revolutinaries from moving inwards to gain more support. to unite these two groups Simon Bolivar appealed to a common bond that they all had which was that they had all been born in south america. not spain. after convincing the Ilneros to fight aganist spain, Simon Bolivar conquered Bogota, Quito, and Carcas by 1822. social hiarchy reamined in latin america. although the peninsulars were back in spain the creols just moved up to their spot in the pyrimd and the lower classes were treated the same as well. Simon Bolivar Bolivar and San Martin Meeting This is a graph of the colonies before and after their revolutions. Jose de San Martin Miguel Hidgalo After the revolution in latin america the Caudillos rose to power in the newly independent colonies. Caudillos are military boses who have complete control over a region. Caudillos used a dictator ship to rule. also after the revolutions latin america entered the world economy. now that they were allowed to trade with other countires their exports and imports grew, but they still did not manufacture anything themselves