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Age of Exploration

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Katherine Hillestad

on 3 August 2018

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Transcript of Age of Exploration

The New World?
Triangular Trade
Contact with Europeans
Ready to Test Your Knowledge?

Age of Exploration
Was this really the
New World
Can you claim something that's already owned by someone else?
What conflicts will arise?
American Indians
Discovering a New Way to Asia!
Naming the New World
So What Were They After?
What reasons sparked the expeditions that brought explorers to the New World?
just kidding
Christopher Columbus believed he discovered islands off of Asia called the Indies. He actually reached an island called San Salvador off the southeast coast of North America.
John Cabot led an English expedition hoping to also read Asia. He reached the east coast of North America.
Amerigo Vespucci's Portuguese expedition brought him to the area that would be later called America.

This area was named by a cartographer in 1507.
How did the Americas get their Names?
Novous Orbis-New World
Marco Polo
author extraordinaire

Marco Polo writes a book
titled, "Ii milione," or "The Million"
sparking European interest in
Asian goods

Which European was the first to visit North America?
Norwegian explorer Leif Ericson explores North America around 1000.
European Explorations Worth the Risk!
Spanish Sponsored Expeditions
Portuguese Sponsored Expeditions
English Sponsored Expeditions
claiming land and resources in northeastern North America
Early Expeditions
Discovers San Salvador-thinks island is the West Indies
Magellan, 1519-1522
First circumnavigation around
the world
Pizarro, 1532-1533
Conquistador, explores northwestern North America
conquers the Inca Empire
da Gama, 1497

Vespucci, 1501

1st European to reach India by sea
Cape of Good Hope, Africa; India
Eastern South America
Gaining land, converting to Catholicism, and seeking wealth in the New World
Vázquez de Coronado, 1540-1544
Conquistador, explores southwestern United States area
Cape of Good Hope
Focused on finding eastern route around Africa to Asia
controlled mostly areas in eastern South America
Explores southern United States
de Soto, 1539
Cortés, 1519-1521
Columbus, 1492-1504

Núñez de Balboa, 1513
leads expedition across Isthmus of Panama

1st European to see eastern shore of Pacific Ocean
Ponce de León, 1513
Explores present day Florida
first to reach land in North America
Menendez, 1565

Claims St. Augustine-1st established European Colony- in present day Florida
Conquistador, conquers Aztec empire

key event in formation of
New Spain
Dutch & French Sponsored Exploration
Searching for a Northwest Passage to Asia
Swedish and Russian Exploration
Swedes built Fort Christina in Delaware
Russians came across Bering Straight. Had forts in Alaska and eventually built Fort Ross in CA
The Netherlands Exploration
de Champlain
explored along St. Lawrence River
1608 founded trading post, Quebec
French Explorers

Expeditions from Laos, Portugal to Calicut, India

Prince Henry the Navigator
Exploring northeastern Canada
Henry Hudson, 1610
looking for Northwest Passage-explored St. Lawrence River
New Amsterdam
New Netherlands
Fort Orange
Henry Hudson, 1609

Searching for Northwest Passage, Hudson traveled further up the Hudson River
La Salle
1682, claimed all the lands around the Mississippi River and its tributaries for France
"Middle Passage" shaped like a triangle, allows Europeans to ship gold, tobacco, sugar, rice, and other goods to Europe. They also traded in Africa and enslaved Africans were brought to the Americas.
Marquette & Joliet, 1673
traveling along the Mississippi in hope of finding Pacific Ocean
Named for King Louis XIV of France
Did you know????
Europeans begin bringing plants, animals, supplies and disease!
Americas gained from the Columbian Exchange
Positive Effect
Europeans exposed disease that did not exist in the Americas

Small pox and measles
Many American Indians passed away
Negative Effect
Europeans gained:
John Cabot and Martin Frobisher
Jamestown, Virginia
Settlements Led to the 13 Original Colonies
Cabot explored the northeast coast of North America in 1497
Frobisher 1576-1578
explored present day northeastern Canada
Changes in Sea Travel

new technologies
Magnetic Compass
Needle always lines up with Earth's magnetic field
Shows east, south, west.
Always points toward magnetic North
Used to determine angle between horizon and a heavenly body-Sun or other star
if used with chronometer, could determine latitude and longitude
Used to determine ship's latitude
Metal disk used to look at the Sun or another star
First used in Asia
Brought to Europe in the 1200s
Used in weapons
Ship that made longer sea voyages possible

Lateen sails enhanced steering, which made the caravel faster
Geographical knowledge unsuited for exploration
Storms at sea
Increase of power
Trade opportunities
Settlement opportunities
Wealth (gold/silver)
Spread of religion
very accurate
kept time at sea
invented around 1714
beaver trade
Beaver Trade
Full transcript