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Be, and Auxiliaries in Additions, Tags, and Short Answers (PART 1- A04)
Transcript of Be, and Auxiliaries in Additions, Tags, and Short Answers (PART 1- A04)
The Verb Be:
am, is, are, was, were
How many auxiliaries can you remember?
The Verb do:
do, does, did
The Verb Have:
have, has, had
can, could, will, should,
may, might, must
What's the purpose of auxiliaries?
- They are used in forming questions, and in making negative sentences.
- In some cases they reflect the person and/or number of the subject.
- They show time.
- They are used for short answers, additions, contrast, emphasis and tag questions.
This is what our grammar point is going to be about. Let's start with Additions.....
People say grammar courses are difficult.
We use additions to refer to the previous information.
- Frank seems like a good parent. In fact ___
a) he does b) he is c) he seems
What's the right answer?
The right answer is (b).
In this case the use of "be" is IMPLIED /INFERRED in the previous sentences, and thus, it's probably challenging for the student.
Frank seems like
a good parent. In fact he is.
- Many politicians sound like actors.
a) they aren't b) they were c) they are
are often invisible and need to be pulled out / inferred by students.
- Sometimes people have no idea what a candidate really stands for. Many people _____ .
a)really aren't b)really don't c)really didn't
The right answer is (b)
Many people really don't
They don't have any idea.
a) We think we have to read a lot to become fluent, so
b) I've graduated from ICPNA. My whole family ____ .
c) A: I can't clean the house. Who will do it?
B: Greg ___ . He loves doing it!
d) A: I believe ghosts exist.
B: Sure, they ___, dear. I can see one behind you.