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Unit 1: History and Approaches

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on 13 September 2016

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Transcript of Unit 1: History and Approaches

Myers' Psychology for AP, 2nd Edition
Module 3: Careers in Psychology
I. Psychology's Main Subfields


Module 2: Psychology's Big Issues and Approaches
I. Nature - Nurture Issue


II. Levels of Analysis



III. Psychology's Approaches
Unit 1:
History and Approaches
(2-4% of AP Exam)

Module 1: Psychology's History
I. Prior to 1879 - Psychology was largely concerned with questions of philosophy

II. Wundt - 1879 - First to use scientific methodology to study human behavior

III. After 1879 - Two schools of thought emerge
Wilhelm Wundt
"Father of Psychology"
Established first psychology lab at University of Leipzig, Germany in 1879.
2oth Century's Most Important Psychologists Project
Each of you will select a prominent psychologist and create a Prezi that includes:
1. Biography - When & where they lived
2. Major contribution to psychology
3. Picture or video clip (no longer than 3 minutes)
B. F. Skinner
Jean Piaget
Sigmund Freud
Albert Bandura
Leon Festinger
Carl Rogers
Stanley Schacter
Neal Miller
Edward Thorndike
Abraham Maslow
Gordon Allport
Erik Erikson
Walter Mischel
Harry Harlow
J. P. Guilford
Jerome Bruner
Ernest Hilgard
Lawrence Kohlberg
Martin Seligman
Ulric Neisser
Donald T. Campbell
Roger Brown
R. B. Zajonc
Endel Tulving
Hans J. Eysenck
William James
David McClelland
Raymond Cattell
John B. Watson
Kurt Lewin
Donald O. Hebb
George A. Miller
Clark L. Hull
Jerome Kagan
Carl Jung
Ivan Pavlov
After 1879

Structuralism
early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used introspection (the process of examining your own thoughts or feelings) to reveal the structure of the human mind
Functionalism
early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function - how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
John Locke
argued that the mind is a "tabula rasa" - a blank slate - on which experiences are written
Rene Descartes
agreed with Socrates and Plato about the existence of innate (existing from the time a person is born) ideas
controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behavior
Basic Research Subfields
Cognitive Psychologists - perception, attention, language, problem solving, memory

Developmental Psychologists - age related change

Educational Psychologists - learning

Experimental Psychologists - experimental research on behavior & mental processes

Psychometric & Quantitative Psychologists - create & administer neurocognitive and personality tests

Social Psychologists - human interaction with others

Applied Research Subfields
Forensic Psychologists - apply psych principles to legal issues

Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychologists - study people and the working environment

Neuropsychologists - investigate structure and function of the brain and behavior

Rehabilitation Psychologists - work to rehabilitate people after an accident, illness, or other event

School Psychologists - assessment of and intervention for children in educational settings

Sport Psychologists - study psychological factors that influence sports
Helping Subfields
Clinical Psychologists - promote psychological health in individuals, groups, and organizations

Community Psychologists - deal with broad problems of mental health in community settings

Counseling Psychologists - help people adjust to life transitions or make lifestyle changes
Full transcript