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Ancient China: Contact with other societies
Transcript of Ancient China: Contact with other societies
Ancient China's contact with other societies
Consequences of contacts with other societies
Legacy of ancient China
By: Annessa, Holly D, Jazz and Brayden
Ancient China: Contact with other societies
Invention of first writing paper made from wood.
Invention of printing helps spread Chinese ideas, poetry & artwork.
Invention of the compass called a "fish" because of its shape.
Song Dynasty prints the world's first paper money.
Chinese invent and use gunpowder.
There have been relations between Chinese and Japanese cultures for nearly 2,000 years, and the influences of that connection are still seen today. As the older and more sophisticated of the two civilizations, Chinese culture had an enormous impact on nearly all aspects of life in Japan. You can see the influence of Chinese culture on Japanese culture in so many ways.
Ancient China's contact with Japan
Internal trade within China had existed for some time, along its rivers and vast network of canals. However, trade outside China's borders did not begin until the Han Dynasty.
During the reign of the Han emperor Wudi, China's influence increased through military conquest, trade and strategic alliances.
The ancient Silk Road contributed greatly to the cultural exchange between China and the West. From the second century BC to the fifteenth century AD, splendid civilizations among China, India, Greece, Persia and Rome were exchanged along this famous trade route, making the route a great "Cultural Bridge" between Asia and Europe.
The cultural exchange between China and the West offered mutual benefit and achieved common progress. The Chinese Four Great Inventions (paper making, printing, gunpowder and compass) as well as the skills of silkworm breeding and silk spinning were transmitted to the West. This greatly sped up the development of the entire world.
Long recognized in the West for its natural and man-made monuments, for its silks and its satins and for its delectable cuisine, China is also credited with inventions and discoveries which continue to influence our world today as they did at their beginning.
When the Italian merchant Marco Polo visited China during the Song Dynasty in 1271, he found a place far more technologically advanced than anywhere in Western Europe. Some of the inventions are:
Ancient China impact on modern Australia
The Chinese culture influenced Australia in terms of cuisine, technology, religion, customs and of course, products. Also, keep in mind that the Chinese government also keeps close ties with the Australian and hence a lot of trade has been made and continued to do so.
Australia has been a haven for Chinese migrants for centuries who have, in the modern day, established themselves as a significant minority group in Australian society. There are now large numbers of Australian-born Chinese and Chinese-born migrants/Australian Citizens in the cities of Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane with small Chinese communities in regional centres, particularly in Victoria, and New South Wales. There are also Chinatowns in every Australian capital city, including Darwin and large, public Chinese New Year Celebrations in Melbourne and Sydney.
Thankyou for listening
The paper was superior in quality to the baked clay, papyrus and parchment used in other parts of the world.
The inventor of paper is traditionally assumed to be Chai Lun (or Ts'ai Lun), who was the head of a royal workshop in 2nd century China. However recent archaeological evidence suggests paper was in use in China two hundred years earlier. In any event China was way ahead of the rest of the world.
Paper gradually spread from China, reaching Korea in the 3rd century AD. It was brought to Japan around 610 AD, and then moved to Vietnam and India at the beginning of the 6th century.
Scholars believe that woodblock printing first appeared in China around 600 AD. The process for block printing on paper was perfected by the end of Tang dynasty.
During the Tang Dynasty (618-907) the technique spread across Asia, through Philippines, Vietnam, Korea and Japan. But although it was a great advance, this block printing technology had a serious drawback. One mistake could ruin the entire block, and once used the block became useless.
In the Song Dynasty (960-1279) a man called Bi Sheng had the idea of carving individual characters on small, identical square pieces of clay, which was hardened by slow baking. In this way the world's first ever movable type arrived. This new technology spread to Korea, then Japan and Vietnam, and later Europe.
Recognized in Chinese as Si Nan, this early version of today’s compass came in the form of a two-part instrument, the first one a metal spoon made of magnetic loadstone, the second one a square bronze plate.
These two components were spiritual and physical opposites, the spoon representing Heaven and the plate representing Earth, which, when brought into contact, would guide the observers in the right direction.
The original lacquered earth plate, dating to the 4th century BCE, is currently on display at the Museum of Chinese History.
The Chinese invented paper money in the Song dynasty. Its original name was flying money because it was so light it could blow out of one’s hand.
In 1024, the Song government took over the printing of paper money and used it as a medium of exchange backed by deposited “cash,” a Chinese term for metal coins.
Paper money is still the most common form of currency around the world.
Gunpowder is the first explosive substance mankind learnt to use and also one of the four great inventions of ancient China.
The invention of gunpowder should in a way be attributed to alchemists of ancient China, who drew inspiration from the fire-ignition of pill-making process during which sulfur, niter and other substances were used.
Gunpowder was also used in acrobat and puppet shows to decorate the stage and create a mysterious atmosphere.
Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress; working together is success.