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Classical Music History
Transcript of Classical Music History
This contrasts with the Baroque orchestra, which was primarily a string ensemble which may or may not have been augmented with instruments from the other groups. The orchestra as we know it today
originated in the Classical time period Strings Brass Woodwinds Percussion TYPES OF MUSIC SYMPHONY a piece of music written for orchestra,
usually in four separate movements Classical symphonies generally run around 20 minutes in length.
The symphony is to the composer what the novel is to the writer.
It is the form of music with which the composer can express his deepest and most profound thoughts. CONCERTO CHAMBER MUSIC Based on the Baroque concerto, the Classical concerto was written for a soloist with orchestra accompaniment. The Baroque concerto could make use of a small group of solo performers (the concertino).
This idea disappeared during the Classical time period in favour of one solo performer supported by the orchestra. The Classical concerto also had more interplay between the soloist and the orchestra as opposed to the Baroque concerto which used the soloist and the orchestra separately. It was usually in three separate movements and
it was designed to allow the soloist to “show off” Music written for 1-8 players
Performed in small venues
Some examples include the Sonata, the string quartet, the brass quintet, the woodwind quintet, etc... INSTRUMENTS The widespread use of the piano replaced the harpsichord during the Classical time period. Unlike the harpsichord, the piano (pianoforte) had the ability to perform dynamic contrast. Improved design and construction of woodwind and brass instruments led to their widespread use as solo and orchestral instruments. COMPOSERS The big three are: Franz Joseph Haydn
1732-1809 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
1756-1791 Ludwig Van Beethoven
1770-1827 ...more about them later!