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Constructivism, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

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Dianna Flores

on 14 October 2013

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Transcript of Constructivism, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Constructivism, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Motivation

Motivation is an internal state or condition that serves to activate or energize behavior and give it direction.
Motivations is involve in the performance of all learned responses; and is a primary or secondary influence of behavior.
Emotion is different from motivation in that there is not necessary a goal orientation affiliated with it. Emotions occur as a result of an interaction between perception of environmental stimuli.
The source(s) of motivation can be categorized as EXTRINSIC (outside the person) or INTRINSIC (internal to the person).
Initiation may be more related to emotions and/or the effective area while persistence may be more related to conation or goal-orientation.


Sources of Motivational Needs

Behavioral/external
: obtain desired, pleasant consequences (rewards)or escape/avoid undesired, unpleasant consequences.
Social
: imitate positive models, acquire social skills, be part of something.
Biological:
increase/decrease stimulation, activate senses, decrease hunger, thirst, discomfort, etc. maintain balance.
Cognitive:
develop meaning or understanding, solve problems or make decisions, eliminate threat or risk.
Affective:
increase feeling good, decrease feeling bad, maintain levels of optimism and enthusiasm.
Conative:
obtain personal dreams, develop or maintain self-efficacy, take control of one's life.
Spiritual:
understand purpose of one's life, connect self to ultimate unknowns.
Theories of Motivation
Behavior
Classical Conditioning
, biological responses .
Operant Learning
, consequences.
Cognitive
Information Processing
approaches focus on the categories and labels people use to help identify thoughts, emotions, dispositions, and behaviors.
Attribution Theory
, every individual tries to explain success or failure of self and others by offering certain "attributions".
Psychoanalytic Theories
Freud
; all action or behavior is a result of internal, biological instincts that are classified into two categories: life (
sexual
) and death (aggression).
Erikson and Sullivan
, proposed that interpersonal and social relationships are fundamental.
Adler
proposed power, while
Jung
proposed temperament and search for soul or personal meaningfulness.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Transcendence
To connect to something beyond the EGO or to help others to find their potential.

Self-actualization
To find self-fulfillment and realized one's potential.

Aesthetic
Symmetry, order, and beauty.

Cognitive
To know, to understand, to explore.

Esteem
To achieve, be comoetent, gain approval and recognition.

Belonginess and Love
Affiliate with others, be accepted.

Safe/Security
To be out of danger.

Physiological
Satisfy Hunger, thirst, bodily comforts, etc.

Motivation
Maslow's Hierarchy
of Needs
Full transcript