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review of related literature and studies
Transcript of review of related literature and studies
BY: ERLYNN ABERION
ELMER I. MASINAG
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
IMPORTANCE, PURPOSES, AND FUNCTIONS OF RELATED LITERATURES AND STUDIES
It helps the researcher in selecting a better problem, understand his topic for research better, ensure that there’s no duplication, guide the researcher in locating more sources of related information, making his research design, making comparison between his findings with the findings of other researcher.
Calderon, Jose F. Thesis Writing
The importance and purpose of related literature and studies is to determine the similarities and differences of the findings between the past and present studies, to gain insight into the aspects of the problem that are critical and controversial. It provides the investigator a background reading aspects, which have been studied. It assist the researcher what to do on the components of the research process; this also gives the ideas to proceed with the study until its completion.
Zulueta, Francisco M. et.al (2004)
Methods of Research Thesis-Writing and Applied Statistics
GUIDELINES ON EFFECTIVE WRITING OF THE LITERATURE AND REVIEW
CHARACTERISTICS OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
1. The surveyed materials must be as recent as possible.
2. Materials reviewed must be objective and unbiased.
3. Materials surveyed must be relevant to the study.
4. Surveyed materials must have been based upon genuinely original and true facts or data.
5. Reviewed materials must not be too few nor too many.
SOURCES OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
1. Research paper must be written in a formal style, which is in the third person, not in the first person.
2. Avoid highly descriptive writing style, not appropriate for a scholarly research.
3. Use the active voice for direct impact and easy understanding.
4. Avoid use of JARGON; use familiar terms in place of terminologies.
5. Language should be neutral gender, no sexy language like his.
6. Make the conclusions and contradictions found in the literature clear in the report.
7. Use short sentences; avoid elongated and run-on expressions.
8. Use proper grammar and proofread the work.
9. Never PLAGIARIZE; give credit to the original author of ideas.
10. Pay attention to the structure and form of published article, which are good examples of how literature reviews can be written.
1. Books, encyclopedias, almanacs, and other similar references.
2. Articles published in professional journals, magazines, periodicals, newspapers, and other publications.
3. Manuscripts, Monographs, memoirs, speeches, letters, and diaries.
4. Unpublished theses and dissertations.
5. The Constitutions, and the laws and statutes of the land.
6. Bulletins, circulars, and orders emanating from government offices and departments.
7. Records of the schools, public and private.
8. Report from seminars, educational or otherwise.
9. Official reports of all kinds, educational, social, economic, scientific, technological, political from the government and other entities.
FUNCTIONS OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
A survey or review of related literature and studies is very important because such reviewed literature and studies serve as a foundation of the proposed study. This is because related literature and studies guide the researcher in pursuing his research venture. Reviewed literature and studies help or guide the researcher in the following ways:
1. They help or guide the researcher in searching for or selecting a better research problem or topic. By reviewing related materials, a replication of a similar problem may be found better than the problem already chosen. Replication is the study of a research problem already conducted but in another place.
2.They help the investigator understand his topic for research better. Reviewing related literature and studies may clarify vague points about his problem.
3. They ensure that there will be no duplication of other studies. There is duplication if an investigation already made is conducted again in the same locale using practically the same respondents. This is avoided if a survey of related literature and studies be made first.
4.They help and guide the researcher in locating more sources of related information. This is because the bibliography of a study already conducted indicate references about similar studies.
5.They help and guide the researcher in making his research design especially in:
a.the formulation of specific questions to be researched on;
b.the formulation of assumptions and hypotheses if there should be any;
h.the analysis, organization, presentation, and interpretation of data;
i.the making of the summary of implications for the whole study;
j.the formulation of the summary of findings, conclusions, and recommendations; and
6. They help and guide the researcher in making comparison between his findings with the findings of other researchers on similar studies with the end in view of formulating generalizations or principles which are the contributions of the study to the fund of knowledge.
c.the formulation of conceptual framework;
d.the selection and application of the methods of research;
e.the selection and application of sampling techniques;
f.the selection and/or preparation and validation of research instruments for gathering data;
g.the selection and application of statistical procedures;