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food tech assignment

Rachel Camenzuli

on 25 August 2011

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Transcript of Adolescence

ADOLESCENCE the change into an adolescent has many influences on the teenagers nutrition. with all the stresses of trying to fit in and buying the latest trends, teenagers disregard what is best for their health and wellbeing. adolescence is the time where you are no longer a child and almost an adult. it is often a time for experimenting with risky behaviours, exploring new things and growing up. its a time for growing up and becoming independent. despite good parenting and role modelling, adolescents can still do irresponsible things that could put themselves or others in danger. it starts with puberty, with rising hormones and changes in the body.teenagers will begin to understand how the body works and what is needed to live a happy healthy life. an adolsecent's body and mind are demanding more rest and they start to get tired or bored more quickly.they sometimes feel useless or restless or even upset and depressed. they want to have fun and socialise and they don't want to do what they consider as 'pointless' boring things when there is a whole new world opening up to them. bibliiography Calories - teenagers need extra calories to provide energy for growth and excercise. healthy foods such as low-fat dairy products, whole grains and fruits, and vegetables should be chosen to meet the correct dietary requirements. Calcium - is essential for the development of strong bones and teeth. not enough calcium intake during adolescence can put the teenager at risk to develop osteoporosis later in life. teenagers are expected to drink/eat 3 to 4 servings of foods enriched with calcium each day. Good sources of calcium include milk, yogurt and cheese. Protein - is important for growth and repair of muscle. Adolescents need between 45 and 60 grams of protein each day. Iron - is needed to help new muscle cells get oxygen for energy. deficiencies of iron can cause anemia, which leads to fatigue, confusion, and weakness. some sources of iron include beef, chicken, pork, legumes,and leafy green vegetables adolescent girls need more iron than adolescent boys as they lose more blood on a monthly basis. teenagers can meet these requirements with their intake of beef, pork, chicken, eggs, and dairy products. there is also protein in some vegetable sources, including tofu and other soy foods, beans, and nuts. snacking
teenagers start to do more and more during the day as they get older.they are not always able to sit down for three meals a day and this leads to meal skipping and snacking throughtout the day when they can get the chance. teenagers tend to skip breakfast. this lowers the adolescents energy and makes it harder to get through the day. eating too many fast foods can lead to weight gain, diabetes and heart disease. dietary problems
obesity - overeating and indulging in the wrong foods can lead to obesity and other obesity related diseases like diabetes and heart disease.staying active and eating the correct foods will reduce this risk. eating disorders - adolescents can be very conscious of their appearance and may feel like they need to be thin. any teenager who suspects they have a problem should talk to someone they trust immediately. Bode, Janet (1999). Food Fight: A Guide to Eating Disorders for Preteens and Their Parents. New York: Aladdin Paperbacks.



Food Technology in Action - 3rd Edition - Jacaranda Plus






http://www.nestle.com.au/NutritionAndHealth/NutritionForLife/FamilyLife/Pages/AdolescentFoodHabits.aspx Characteristics

-Normally most teenagers feel the desire to be more independent and make their own decisions
-they want their own space and alone time away from their family.
-teenagers prefer to spend more time with their friends than
-their emotions are all over the place. teenagers have the biggest mood swings Nutritional Requirements Special Dietary Food Day 1 Meal Plan
Breakfast- 2-3 weetbix with skim milk. glass of orange juice

Morning Tea- a serve of fruit and fruit smoothie.

Lunch- Hamburger with tomato, lettuce, beef, low-fat cheese, beetroot and wholemeal bread. also drink a glass of water

Afternoon Tea- 1-2 wholewheat biscuits and a glass of water or juice

Dinner- chicken breast with cooked pasta. drink water or juice Day 2 Meal Plan
Breakfast- 2-3 slices of mutligrain bread with peanut butter. glass of milk

Morning Tea- 1-2 wholewheat biscuits and a glass of juice

Lunch- garden salad and a glass of water

Afternoon Tea- low fat yogurt and a glass of juice

Dinner- white fish with boiled potatoes and a drink of juice according to the nutritional guidelines, adolescents should be encouraged to:
• Eat plenty of vegetables, legumes and fruits.
• Eat plenty of cereals (including breads, rice, pasta and noodles)
• Include lean meat, fish and poultry in their diet
• Include milks, yoghurts and cheeses in their diet. reduced-fat dairy products should be
encouraged for adolescents
• Choose water as a drink in the sample menus provided, an adolescent will get the correct amount of iron (red meat), fibre (bread and wholewheat biscuts), calcium (glass of milk) and protein (meat and some vegetables) that is needed for each day to maintain nutritional value, the fruit and vegetables need to be bought fresh and not spoiled. they shouldnt be stored for longer than a week as the nutrients start to deterioate

washing the fruit and vegetables before using them does not take away any nutritional value so remember to wash them to maintain nutritional value of the milk, make sure it is consumed the way it is. drinking the milk plain will give you the calcium you need for the day.
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