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Transcript of Whiskey Rebelion
Rebellion What was the Whiskey rebellion? What caused the Whiskey Rebellion? The climax of the Whiskey Rebellion Washington's Responce. -The whiskey rebellion was when a tax was imposed on whiskey sales in the united states, in 1789.
-Farmers sold their corn crops in the form of whiskey and were upset because this tax required them to pay extra taxes on this product.
- The tax was collected to pay off the national debt. - In 1794, federal district attorny William Rawle issued subpoenas for over 60 disstillers who had not paid the whiskey tax.
-Federal Marchial Lenox, delivered the subpoenas, General Neville was his guide.
- On July 15th, federal marchial Lenox and general Neville had warning shots fired at them and were forced to retreat.
- On August 7th, 1794, presedent Washington issued a proclimation, calling out the malitia.
- This order mobilized an army of apporximately 13,000 troops under the command of Harry Lee.
-This was the first use of the malitia law 1792, setting the president for the use of malitia to "execute the laws of the union and suppress insurretions".
- More importantly, this was the 1st test of power of the new federal government.
The Battle of Bower Hill - Once Neville returned to his fortified home (bower hill). The next day, his home was surrounded by the Mingo creek malitia
- Neville was asked to surrender, to which his response was gunfire. He had hit and wounded one of the rebels causing to rebels to open gunfire on the house.
- The malitia returned the next day, with 600 men. There were only 10 men from the U.s opposing them.
-Shots were again fired at the house. It is belived that the house surrendered. The leader of the malitia steped out into the open, someone in the house shot him. The malitia was outraged and set the house on fire. . . . . In the end, a dozen or so men were arested, sent to Philadelphia for a trial and released after pardons by Washington. Whiskey was a major product back then. - Many farmers in the west opposed and lobbied aganst the tax. However, once the tax became law, the residents of the west began to resist in more violent ways.
- Tax officials were captured, whipped, tared, and featherd while trying to collect these taxes.
- These violent oppositions took a more serious turn in June of 1793, when a tax collector of Neville was burned by over a hundred people, and another tax inspector was held at gun point and forced to resign.