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Rizal and the 19th Century Europe

Europe's Situation during 19th Century and its influences to Rizal and his "mission"
by

Maria Veda Solanz Gasta

on 7 July 2013

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Transcript of Rizal and the 19th Century Europe

Germany
Rizal and the 19th Century Europe
Pilipinas
Political Upheavals

In the 1700s
France
French Society
First Estate
Third Estate
Second Estate
Roman Catholic Clergy
(1%)
Tithe
Nobility
(2%)
Feudal dues, Taille or Land tax
Peasants, artisans,
members of the bourgeoisie
in great poverty
attacked the Bastille
then the Revolution Began...
In 1790s
a young soldier
from Corsica
at age
26
rank of general
In 1799
a dictatorial government lasted
about 15 years
Austria
Italy
Great Britain
Russians, Prussians, Spaniards,
English, Austrians, Italians
fought back against Napoleon
defeated in the famous Battle
at Waterloo in 1815
Now,
France
Holy Alliance
In 1848,
with Italy, Germany attacked
and defeated
AUSTRIA
North German Confederation
Nationalism
1870,
German forces defeated
France
In 1871,
the King of Prussia
1814
1820
1833
Spain experienced internal chaos
coup d'etat
Revolution took place
restoration of the
Constitution
1823
King Fernando
as a monarch
1810
King Fernando died
1800
Decline of Spain
the
were then
into warring camps
people
divided
King Carlos
(brother of King Fernando)
Queen Isabel II
(King Fernando's daughter)
CONSTITUTION OF 1837
CONSTITUTION OF 1869
Some of Spanish Colonies got freedom:
Paraguay (1811)
Argentina (1816)
Chile (1817)
Columbia and Ecuador (1819)
Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala,
El Salvador, Nicaragua (1821)
Venezuela (1822)
Peru (1824)
Bolivia, Uruguay (1825)
only Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines
remained under Spain
Nationalism
was brought by Rizal to his country...
the Philippines
Movements of Thought
18th Century


"Age of Reason"
"Age of Science"
Two Factors
"traditional mentality"
advancement of Science
then, the 19th Century emerged..
evolution
Creative Evolution
Creative era
=
CONSTANT CHANGE
Freedom of Thought
Organized Religions
State-sponsored schools of thought
FRANCE
Rousseau (1671-1741)
Francois-Marie Arouet (Voltaire) (1694-1778)
Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749-1827)
Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)
Germany
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)
David Strauss (1808-1874)
Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919)
England
David Hume (1711-1776)
Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)
Thomas Paine (1737-1809)
Charles Lyell (1797-1875)
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Taylor
Smith
Fraser
Spain
the greatest stronghold of Roman Catholic Church
Spanish Constitution of 1896
the public and private exercise of whatever other faith
remains guaranteed to all foreigners residing in
Spain, without other restrictions than the universal
rules of morality and of right;
Emilio Castelar (1832-1899)
Professor Miguel Morayta
 the nation is obliged to maintain the faith and the
ministers of the Catholic religion;
if other Spaniards profess a religion other than the
Catholic, they shall be accorded the same treatment
as provided in the foregoing paragraph.
S
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f
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t
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P
h
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p
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e
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s
John Locke
Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu
Voltaire
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Thomas Jefferson
Born: August 29, 1632, Wrington, Somerset, England
Died: October 28, 1704, Oates, Essex
initiator of the Enlightenment in England and France
an inspirer of the U.S. Constitution
the author of "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding"
his account of human knowledge
political philosopher
"Rulers derived their power only from the consent of the people"
Born: January 18, 1689, Chateau La Brede, Bordeaux, France
Died: February 10, 1755, Paris
political philosoher
known for the book "L 'Esprit des Lois"
his Classification of Government
his theory of the Separation of powers
influence of climate on political matters
Born: November 21, 1694, Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1778, Paris
a courageous crusader against tyranny,
bigotry and cruelty
his writings embodied the characteristic qualities of the
French mind - critical capacity, wit, and satire
his whole work vigorously propagated an ideal of
progress
Born: June 28, 1712, Geneva, Switz
Died: July 2, 1778, Ermenonville, France
Theory of General Will
The Social Contract
propelled political and ethical thinking into new
channels
he opened men's eyes to the beauties of nature and made liberty an object of almost
universal aspiration
in a democratic society the state represents the general will of the citizens
in obeying its laws each citizen pursues his own real interest
is the actual or hypothetical agreement between the ruled and the rulers, defining the rights and duties of each party
Born: April 2, 1743, Shadwell, Virginia U.S.A.
Died: July 4, 1826, Monticello, Virginia U.S.A.
was an early advocate of of total separation of Church and state
Declaration of Independence
he was the draftsman of the resolution
Rizal went to Europe
Mission:
“To observe keenly the life and culture, languages and customs, industries and commerce, government and laws of the European nations in order to prepare himself for the mighty task of liberating his oppressed people from the Spanish tyranny”.
November 3, 1882
1882
March 1883
Rizal reached Colombo, Capital of Ceylon
Rizal enrolled in University Central de Madrid
Rizal arrived at Barcelona Spain
Rizal joined the Circulo Hispano Filipino
June 17 to August 20, 1883
Rizal went to Paris
June 16, 1882
Rizal joined the Masonic Lodge called “Acacia”
May 18, 1882
Reached , a seacoast town in Southern Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
Riding a french steamer named “Djemenah” bound for Europe.
“Talim Island", with Susong Dalaga
Departed on board the “Spanish Steamer Salvadora” bound for Singapore.
November 15, 1890
May 11, 1882
May 8, 1882
May 3, 1882
May 17, 1882
Rizal passed all subjects leading to the Degree of Doctor of Medicine and Philosophy & Letters
1884-1885
GALLE
Rizal became a Master Mason
Timeline
pino.salarda.tampos.gasta.pino.salarda.tampos.gasta.pino.salarda.tampos.gasta.pino.salarda
end.
thank you for viewing
TO GOD BE THE GLORY!
Dogmatic belief
acceptance without question
Struggled for religious tolerance
Nebular hypothesis
Bonaparte: where does God fit into your system?
Laplace: Sire, I have no need for that hypothesis.
Cult of the Supreme Being
Execution of King Louis XVI
True nature of things is permanently hidden from us
Everything is connected with the Absolute Spirit
Gospels were written as convictions of faith
All species were related to a common ancestors
Against religions founded on miracle testimonies
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Invasion of Barbarians & Growth of Christianity
Opposed monarchy
Uniformitarianism
Humans existed long before than what the Bible says
Utilitarianism
Natural phenomena are related without Divine intervention
Men descended from lower animal forms
Christianity = Animism
President of the 1st Spanish Republic
History professor at Universidad de Madrid
Criticized the New Testament, then excommunicated
Full transcript