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Subject-Verb Agreement

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by

Sarah L

on 16 April 2018

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Transcript of Subject-Verb Agreement

References
Sentence Structure
Welcome to the Purdue OWL. (n.d.). Retrieved April 5, 2018, from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/599/01/
Pagel, L. G., & Norstrom, B. (2011). Proofreading & Editing Precision. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Indefinite Pronouns
An
indefinite pronoun
does not refer to or specify a particular noun.
Some indefinite pronouns are always singular, others are always plural, and others may be either singular or plural depending on their relationship to other words in the sentence.
Indefinite pronouns used as the subject of the sentence must agree in number with the verb.
Example:
Either
of the two cabins
is
adequate for two people.
Collective Nouns
A
collective noun
denotes a collection of persons or things regarded as one unit.
When a collective noun refers to the collection as a whole, use a singular verb.
Example: The cruise
staff

was
on duty day and night. (Staff refers to a group)
When a collective noun refers to members of the collection as separate persons or things, use a plural verb.
Example: The cruise
staff

were introduced
at the welcome party. (Staff members are individuals)
Compound Subjects
A
compound subject
is a sentence that contains two or more subjects.
Compound subjects are usually joined by the word
and
.
Example: Every
man
and
woman
who signed up
has been entered
in the contest.
When a compound subject is joined by
or
or
nor
, the verb agrees with the subject closest to the verb.
Example:
The boy
or
his friends

run
every day.
His friends
or
the boy

runs
every day.
The subject and verb of a sentence must agree in number and in person.
Number: singular or plural
Person:
First person- I, we, our/ours
Second person- you, your/yours
Third person- he, she, it, they , theirs
Singular and Plural Nouns
A
complete sentence
is a group of words with both a subject and a verb that expresses a complete thought.
Example: "The bus was late."
The
subject
of a sentence is the person, place, it is about.
The
verb
tells what the subject is or does.
A
sentence fragment
is an incomplete sentence that may be missing a subject of the sentence.
Example: "Once we get there"
A
modifier
is a word or word group that describes and is usually related to the subject of the sentence.
Intervening modifiers
occur between subjects and verbs.
Example: Travel agents
with training and experience
are very helpful.
Intervening Modifiers
Subject-Verb Agreement
By: Sarah Laity
Full transcript