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History of Polynesian Civilization
André Marínon 22 January 2013
Transcript of History of Polynesian Civilization
Present All of our ancestors came from what we call Africa.
Homo Erectus started in Africa 2 million years ago and went traveling from Africa to Asia.
They would last longest in China and possibly went extinct in 200,000 BCE.
Another group (Neanderthal-Denisova clade) left the ancient African reggae party between 800,000 and 600,000 BCE.
The Denisovans and Neanderthals split from each other as a group between 600,000 and 400,000 BCE.
The Omo bones found in Ethiopia show that early Homo Sapien Sapiens were checking ancient Ethiopia out about 200,000 BCE.
Mitochondrial Eve, first common mother of us all lived at 200,000 BCE also.
From these archaic human populations groups emerged, notably the ancestors of the pygmies and West-Africans.
But one group, will be known as the Negrito-Austronesian clade,and they crossed the Red Sea.
Little did they know that one of their descendants will be one of history's greatest seafaring complex societies in the world Ethiopia Egypt Sudan and
South Sudan Southern Africa Somalia Eritrea Mesopotamia Arabia Andaman islanders are a group of people who were basically left behind by the voyage of the ancient Proto-Australoid during the "Great Coastal Migration".
They do not carry Denisovan DNA. Which means..... Neanderthal men most likely in the "Near-East/Mid-East" actually seduced (or raped) our female ancestors and donated 1 % to 4 % of their DNA to all non-(sub-Saharan) Africans.
The Neanderthal women were not so lucky.... Hey Sexy Lady
Wan' some? The Neanderthals as a distinct group survived until 24,000 in Southern Spain. Who can blame them? Somewhere between Taiwan/Indonesia and the Andaman islands lies a peninsula what we now call South-East Asia and some more mixing happened with foreign blood here but only to a few groups of people, namely to the Proto-Australoids.
Pre-historic historians call it "Sundaland".
Denisovans (remember them?) mixed with the Austronesians, giving them between 4 % to 6% of their DNA!
That means a whopping 10% (adding maximum numbers) of their DNA came from what some consider a different species! The Altai mountains was once home to Denisovans and is the location of the only Denisovan bones. A tooth and a toe bone from two different people. We know only what their bones and DNA tell us about them. Don't forget to floss. Taiwan: Homeland for the Austronesians Called "Kunlun" (Small Black Person) by the Chinese. The famous romance "Kunlun Nu" (The Kunlun Slave) was written during the 800's and offers proof of their enslavement.
Most differences in language between Australoid groups from this area currently hints to its homeland-ness. From here, and they rather quickly they dispersed themselves into the Philippines, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. Dated pebble tools show settling from at least15,000 BCE (so during the Paleolithic Era) Luzon, Philippines
Aeta/Ayta people are considered to be Negrito/Proto-Australoids
First Spaien Sapien in the area:
The remains of Callao Man date to 41,000 BCE and was found with butchered animal remains but no tools. Maybe a H. Floresiensis or a H. Sapien Sapien.
The remains of Tabon Man date to 23,000 BCE, show a skilled tool-making Home Sapien Sapien. Longshan Culture (c. 3,000 BCE to 2,000 BCE)
Developed into the Xia Dynastic "Empire" (2,070 BCE to 1,600 BCE) which eventually through the usurper "King" Tang of Shang was extinguished and created for himself the Shang Dynasty (1,600 BCE to 1046 BCE).
The weird part: Some Mongoloid invaders called the people living in the Shang Dynasty "Li Min" (=Black Heads). Also of note "Xi" is what many believe the Olmecs called themselves. A "Hobbit" found on the Indonesian island of Flores
Now called Homo Floresiensis, but locals tell ancient oral stories of trade and intermarriage with tiny people that were aggressive, cannibalistic and had a funny way of speaking, and called them "Ebu Gogo". The myth just showed its small bones recently in 2003, but their tools show that they were busy hunting and gathering (and I like to think they were calling things like golden rings "My Precious!") have been there between 100,000 BCE and 10,000 BCE. Who you calling shorty!?! This is also were things get messy from now on since some Proto-Australoids moved North West into Taiwan while some moved West, further into Indonesia. The island of Papua and Australia to us might have meant "Sahul" (One landmass) to the Austronesians, Proto-Australoids who they met here. Here they possibly mixed, warred and intermarried their cultures between 60,000 BCE and 40,000 BCE.
Here the various Tasmanian (Very far South), Barrineans (Nearby South), different Australian aborigines (South-West), as well as the Lapita culture, which included Melanesians (From Papua to New Caledonia) and Micronesians (North) started to sprout and colonise the Australian continent. Fun Fact: They hunted miniatures elephants!
Isn't that cute! Barrineans Murrayians Carpentarians Western Desert Tribes Tasmanian (now 'Extinct') New Caledonia:
Melanesians Papua/New Guinea:
Melanesians "No, hard feelings about me cutting your head-thing, right?" Micronesian Islands Madagascar:
Home of the Austronesian/Polynesian Malagasy people from Borneo, Indonesia since 350 CE and 500 CE Mix between Asians, Polynesians and Melanesians.
Guam and Wake are US territories and the Northern Mariana islands is a US commonwealth.
All the other islands are independent. (Palau, Kiribati and F.S. of Micronesia) A Matriarchal Polynesian society which intermixed with waves of Africans and later was religiously conquered and made to adhere to a patriarchal system by Islamic immigrants only to be invaded and conquered de jure by the French. After exterminating the (possibly Proto-Australoid) Vazimba people. The Merina Kings and Queens subjugated the Betsileo to unify the island. Right before the French took it over. "...But I thought I was African..." The Veddoids of India, The people who sea-sick.
India's aborigines Used to cover a huge swath of land from Sri Lanka up to near Bangladesh but was either pushed, persecuted exterminated or intermarried into the Austro-Asiatic, Indo-European (Hindi) or Dravidian population. Another Hominid lurking! Breaking news!
Early this year another Hominid may have been discovered. For now they have been called the "Red Deer People". They lived 10,000 BCE and had tools and fire. Is he another ancestor? Or an isolated archaic Sapien Sapien population who died out? Or a cousin species to Floresiensis?
Why are families so hard to understand?! The Polynesian Maori people of New Zealand Inhabited since 1250 CE by the Polynesian, they hunted the Moa to extinction and developed an insane warrior culture. Later colonised by the British, whose lasting presence is still notably in its government.
One of the last major landmasses to be colonised and thus many consider (especially the tourist advertisements) the youngest country on Earth. Tongans and Samoans Most stratified Polynesians. Only islands never to have been fully colonised, thus still has its own King.
Each had at one point it's own Maritime Empire (Tu'i Tonga 950 CE) and peaked between 1200's and the 1500's.
Both are semi-matriarchal with a very powerful woman always sharing the ruling power with the King.
There are 5 sexes: Male, Female, Nobility, A good looking Male that always has to be groomed and therefore may never work a day in his life and can only marry into nobility and a Mahu or Fakaleiti is a person that was born a Male but for whatever reason for all actions behaves like a woman and is not considered gay (the island is somewhat gay-phobic) but is considered an honour. Hawaiians Also Matriarchal
Possibly invented Surfing
Does not produce Pineapples anymore
Invaded, conquered and acquired statehood by the US of A. Rapa Nui Populated at at similar date to Hawaii (700 CE)
East Islanders constructed Moais in repect to their elders. About 887 of them.....
The initial contact with British/Dutch seafarers suggested it to be a sophisticated society with a bountiful island.
But after deforestation of the island stunted growth, disease from European visitors and finally persecution and slavery under the Chilean government, the people have been reduced to a very small number.
Notable mention should be given to their praying to a Bird-Man-God. Mapuche-Polynesian contact Asian chickens made it Chile 200 years before the Spanish knew of the Americas
Latin-American sweet potatoes are eaten throughout Polynesia
Polynesian bones are discovered on two islands of the coast of the Americas. One at Chile the other off of California
Some scholars believe some tribes in the Americas are actually of Polynesian-Austronesian descent. Some of their remains might even predate the Siberian route through North America. Inhabited since at least 40,000 BCE, evidence shows irrigation began in the highlands 10,000 BCE. With over 1,000 different languages a similar number tribal groups, it is the most linguistically place on Earth and has a current population of 7.5 million people Owned by Indonesia and Papua New Guinea From Bismarck to New Caledonia to Fiji to Tonga and Samoa. A prominent culture arises , namely the Lapita. This is where the Double-Hulled Outrigger Canoes was heavily used.
(The Andamanese, Sri Lankans and Veddoids were the only ones outside of Polynesia with this technology.
Which Magellan in 1521 said was faster than his own Portuguese carracks (Best ships Europe had to offer at the time) vs The Lapita created a culture that would soon heavily influence the Pacific ocean, and it all started by trading Obsidian shards and pottery making. Oral stories and belief in the Bunyip, which resembles via the descriptions to a Diprotodon are pretty accurate. Well maybe a little over the top, but what do you expect from playing "telephone" for over 40,000 years! Most Australian Aborigines believe in a period in "time", called the Dream Time. Which is quite famous and unique in its distinctive mythology.