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FIve Themes of Geography: The Maya, Aztec, and Inca
Transcript of FIve Themes of Geography: The Maya, Aztec, and Inca
America is bordered by Mexico on the north,
South America on the south, the Pacific ocean on
the west and the Caribbean Sea on the east. The Maya created "hieroglyphs" and created a sacred book known as the "Popol Vuh". The Mayans also built many observatories and created the number zero. The Mayans used the Slash-and-burn method to clear land for more crops. The Mayans had ideal times for planting and harvesting crops and therefore used a calendar. The Maya traveled using canoes or walked and exported goods to Central Mexico. The Mayans abandoned their lowlands in 900 A.D. and moved to the Yucatan Peninsula. People came to the Americas from the Bering land bridge which formed during the Ice Age. The Maya civilization was in Central America and includes Guatemala and surrounding countries. The Aztec civilization was in Mexico which lies near the the Tropic of Cancer. Most Aztec farms were located near lakes such as Lake Texcoco. Volcanic explosions were both good and bad for the Aztecs and they believed the sun would die in an earthquake. In 1300 A.D. the Aztec's built Tenochtitlan which was home to 100,000 people. Aztecs-Interaction Aztecs-Movement Aztecs-Region Inca-Location Inca-Place Inca-Interaction Inca-Movement Inca-Region Bibliography The Aztecs lived in the Valley of Mexico which is a basin which was surrounded by volcanoes. Tenochtitlan was in the elevation zone known as the "tierra fria". The Inca empire bordered the Pacific
ocean on the west. The Inca Empire was located right on the Equator. The Incas built a huge road
system that united many people.
The Incas had messengers that
carried messages along the road system. The Inca empire covered
a vast region of South America. The Incas were based in the Andes Mountains and their civilization bordered the Pacific Ocean. Inca farmers grew maize and cotton but
also used llamas for wool. The Incas used
spades and hoes to farm and also used
agricultural techniques such terrace farming and an irrigation system. The Aztecs grew a variety of crops such as cotton which they wove into cloth. The Aztecs created "chinampas" to create more farmland. Cuzco lied at a high altitude of 11,000 feet above sea level. The Incas had a climate with cool weather, plenty of sunshine and plenty of rain. In 1200 A.D. the Aztecs settled in the Valley of Mexico and in 1400 A.D. they dominated Mexico and in 1500 A.D. the Spanish arrived. The Aztecs used canoes to travel in lakes as a way of transportation. http://www.greatdreams.com/mynproph.htm
www.performance-education.com. The Maya, Aztec and Inca: Medieval and Early Modern Times 500 A.D. to 1789. Performance Education. 2003. Revised April 2005.