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Transcript of Chinese Dynasties
(1027-771 B.C.) longest dynasty that ever ruled in China's history [798 years]
historians divide the Zhou era into Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou
first dynasty to unite most of China under a single government.
Emperor Wu (1st official Zhou Empero)r
Confucius was born during this dynasty (1045- 256 B.C.) Xia Dynasty
(2100-1600 BC) Previously a minor state in the northwest
Ch'in Shi Huangdi [Qin Ying Zheng] (First Emperor)
Chin aptured the remaining six of the "warring states," expanding his rule eastward and as far south as the Yangzi River
Mines begun in 1974 brought to light over 6,000 lifesize terracotta figures from the vast army guarding the tomb of Qin Shihuangdi
Qin Shihuangdi is credited with building the Great Wall of China
A lot of books were burned in this period Qin\Ch'in Dynasty
(221–206 B.C.) Eastern Zhou (770-221 B.C.) http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/westernzhoudynasty.gif http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/easternzhoumap.gif period is thought of as the 'shaping period' of Chinese culture
this when China's recorded history begins, with the collections of documents, and historical romances coming to us
this period includes the so called Spring and Autumn Period (722 BC - 421 BC) and the Warring States Period (475 BC - 221 BC) Shang Dynasty
(1700 - 1122 B.C.) Han Dynasty
(200 BCE-200 CE) http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/handynastymap.gif Creation of the "silk road" - the trade routes across the fierce deserts alloweing trade to flourish more easily with the Roman Empire
during this period everyone was treated fairly even the peasants. (except in the cities)
Emperor Wudi (1st Emperor)
Wudi started a system of public schools, for boys only, taught by Confucian teachers.
This period produced China's most famous historian, Sima Qian whose Shiji ( Historical Records)
Paper was discovered around this time Jin Dynasty
(265 AD-420 AD) Sui Dynasty
(589 AD-618 AD) Li Yuan or Emperor Gaozu (1st Emperor)
considered to be one of the great dynasties in Chinese History
Created gunpowder, the magnetic compass, and woodblock printing
The Tang period was the golden age of literature and art
They benefited by the Silk Road Tang Dynasty
(618-907 C.E.) Song (Sung) Dynasty
(960 AD to 1279 AD) THE END!! - w - Jin Dynasty
(1115 AD-1234 AD) Yuan Dynasty
(1206 AD-1368 AD) Kublai Khan (1st Emperor)
The city of Daidu (now Beijing) in northern China became the capital of the Yuan Dynasty
Mongols ruled the Yuan Dynasty
They retained many Chinese traditions.
The Yuan Dynasty was a branch of the great Mongol Empire that extended to North and West Asia.
Peace and order continued during the Mongolian domination. Hong Wu (First Emperor)
the last native Chinese dynasty in China, ruled for nearly 300 years
one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history” according to The History of East Asian Civilization
“Ming” means brightness. The name was chosen by the first Ming Emperor as a contrast to the dark period
Current sources on the Ming period are rare
the Ming reached the zenith of power during the first quarter of the fifteenth century.
(1368 AD-1644 AD) Elite City Families, the aristocracy, further organized itself and the first law codes of Chinese History were written down.
It was still an economy based on slavery rather than on Feudalism, which developed gradually during the Reign of the Zhou Dynasty.
Due to the success of walled cities, social organization and agricultural invention and reform, the population of cities and territories kept rising in number during the Zhou Dynasty, leading to new expansions of Territory http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/qindynastymap.gif Yang Jian (1st emperor)
China was reunified by this period which has often been compared to the earlier Qin dynasty in the ruthlessness of its accomplishments.
Completed the 1,000 mile Grand Canal linking northern and southern China
Shortest dynasty: lasted for only 38 years and had only three emperors. http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/suidynastymap.gif http://www.history-of-china.com/img/tang-dynasty-map-b.gif In 1000, 1100, 1200, and 1300, China was the most advanced place in the world
Marco Polo (1254-1324) recognized
technology was highly advanced in fields as diverse as agriculture, iron-working, and printing. Indeed, scholars today talk of a Song economic revolution
despite its political and economic strengths, Song China was not able to dominate its neighbors militaril
Chinese women, we may know, bound their feet; but they did not bind them until the Song. http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/song/ http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/yuandynastymap.gif Ching (Qing) Dynasty
(1644 AD-1911 AD) http://www.chinatownconnection.com/images/westernzhoudynasty.gif
http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=35&catid=2&subcatid=2 Sources http://www.artsmia.org/art-of-asia/history/images/maps/china-ming-large.gif