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Industry: 18th Century Britain
Transcript of Industry: 18th Century Britain
Agriculture Works Cited 1701 Jethro Tull invents the seed drill 1800 1712 Science Museum
http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk 1764 James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny Image Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/ 1779 Image Source: Bolton Museum and Archive Service
http://www.boltonmuseums.org.uk Samuel Crompton invents the spinning mule 1771 Richard Arkwright
introduces a loom
a water mill 1769 James Watt patents an improved steam engine http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/ Innovations in 18th Century http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/cottonpix/flyshuttle.jpg 1733 John Kay invents the flying shuttle 1787 http://www.ohio.edu/ Edmund Cartwright invents the power loom 1784 http://www.henrycort.net Henry Cort discovers the puddling process for converting pig iron into wrought iron. http://physics.weber.edu/ Thomas Newcomen invents
the steam engine Industrial Revolution begins Industrial Revolution Transportation
Cody, David. "Samuel Johnson's Interest in Science and Technology." David Cody, Associate Professor of English, Hartwick College. <http://www.victorianweb.org/ previctorian/johnson/scienceintro.html>.
“Industrial Revolution.” History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. <http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution>.
“Industrialisation.” The British Library Board. <http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/georgians/industrial/industrialisation.html>
Quintana, Ricardo. The Mind and Art of Jonathan Swift. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1936. Google Book Search. Web.
Timmins, Geoffrey. ‘Domestic industry in Britain during the 18th and 19th centuries: field evidence and the research agenda’, Industrial Archaeological Review, 27 (2005), 67-75.
Improved standard of living
Unsatisfactory employment and living conditions
Continued into the 19th century "A wave of gadgets swept over England."
"Inventors, contrivers, industrialists, and entrepreneurs—it is not easy to distinguish one from another at a period of rapid change—came from all social classes and every part of the country."
"It wasn't just gadgets, however, but innovations of various kinds—in agriculture, transport, manufacture, trade, and finance—that surged up with a suddenness for which it is difficult to find a parallel at any other time or place." —T.S. Ashton, Economic historian and
author of The Industrial Revolution (1760–1830) Connections to Text Scientific Reasoning (Gulliver's Travels)
Gender Roles (Ooronoko, Evelina)
City Life (Boswell, Evelina)
City Life vs. Country Life (Evelina) "Take therefore all opportunities of learning that offer themselves, however remote the matter may be from common life or common conversation. Look in Herschel's telescope; go into a chymist's laboratory; if you see a manufacturer at work, remark his operations. By this activity of attention, you will find in every place diversion and improvement." —Samuel Johnson,
"Letters of Samuel Johnson" To Miss Suzy Thrale Britain: the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution
Cotton and iron industries
Use of hydrocarbon fuels: coal, oil and natural gas
Powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production