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Rise of Trade and Towns
Transcript of Rise of Trade and Towns
Guilds Trade and Commerce
Homes and Households
Disease and Medical Treatment
Leisure and Entertainment Crime and Punishment most peasants were
involved with trade towns needed trade
to grow all over europe
people began learning
and perfecting skills to
produce goods Trade Fairs
Trade fairs were
held once a year lasted weeks,and
sometimes months attracted people from
all over Europe traded food, raw
materials, and luxuries rulers demanded a fee or
a gift for letting foreigners
trade in their land and
taxed traded goods
rulers became wealthy merchants became
wealthy wars were fought over
trade centers crasades were fought
not only because of the Holy land
but because people wanted to take
one of the largest trading centers at
the time more need for their
services to make more money As towns traded more, they became wealthier and became independant states towns rose up
and out of feudalism As towns wanted to become independant, they arranged to buy charters from lords so they could be ruled by their own council and elect mayors Dangers of trading local merchants would go out of buisiness because they could not compete with guilds of merchants towns fell into ruins because of the foreigners as more poeple came to towns, crime and overcrowding were concerns disease spread easily with so many people started the revival of money, economy, and banking specialization Merchants and Artisans
into guilds Merchant Guilds Craft Guilds diputes were settles at the guild courts enforced trade rules made sure costumers
wern't cheated while buying goods had a standard quality for goods fixed prices so that both the seller and customer where satisfied business and politics charitable and social activities if a merchant who was part of the guild fell into poverty, they recieved help from the guild provided financial aid attended social meetings
in guild halls membership was limited to people in one particular craft Guilds for each different craft: weaving, cobbing, tanning, etc. created a monopoly of trade same basic functions as merchant guilds with few exceptions prevented competition within members of the same guild regulated the quantity of goods sold had three distict classes of workers: apprentices, journeymen, and masters apprentices lived at the masters house taught the trade in detail lasted 7 years
physical needs were
taken care of became a journeyman
after his schooling
was over Journeymen
recieved wages could be hired by a master looked for admission to guild as a master at the age of 23 Masters had to prove your ability to be a master had to be an expert at the skill exclusive organizations prevented poor workmanship donated to churches also known as a day worker Severe Torture when someone committed a crime crimes committed:rape,manslaughter,robbery,witchcraft, and more for rape, manslaughter, and robbery,they would be hung in a cage so people could see them dying a slow, humiliating death sometimes, victims were taken down right before death and were cut into four pieces so that the pain would kill them public deaths were common-used as a form of humiliation Hangings and tortures declared by king's men people from everywhere brought their children and came to watch the persecution of another man publically(many people enjoyed going) watching these persecutions also brought fear to the towns people so they obeyed the law people who stole got the right hand sliced off;people were beaten;burned alive(witchcraft);stretched on a rack;drowning(for woman who committed adultery);fingers torn off;eyes burned out with pinchers;people were boiled in oil;and many more torture devices/methods were used two ways to determine whether someone is innocent or not:trial by ordeal and trial by combat trial by ordeal: a primitive method of determining whether or not someone is guilty by making them perform dangerous or painful tasks. trial by combat: a method from Germanic Law used to settle acussations against the acussed when there are no witnesses or confessions present;the winner of the fight was right/innocent methods used for trail by ordeal are some of the tortures they use on the guilty Bubonic Plague!! spread because of the squalor in the towns and the physicial contact no decent health care system many disease spread because... few medicines available to treat even the simplist of illnesses very poorly trained doctors in towns famine(no food), war, and epidemic was very common in european towns Methods of Medical Treatment: bathing in human urine wearing excrement placing dead animals in patients' homes using leeches(worm-like animals that suck out blood) drinking heated gold and powdered emeralds Chickenpox "Evil Eye"
towns were built on trade
merchant guilds controlled town government
merchant middle class
population swelled after black plague
town charters became a major source of royal revenue
got rid of feudal manorism and feudal society
Feast and Festivals Musical entertainment Tournaments
and Jousts The great dartfood tournament religous festivals were accompanied by miracle plays, processions and feastings sports games were included sports such as: archery, bowling, dice, hammer throwing, quater-staff contests,quoits, skittles and wrestling Celebrations were marked by: feasting, drinking, playing bawdy games, bonfires, tourches and burning wheels christmas was a
big holiday St. Swithun's day
mark of the richness of the harvest
events like bobbing for apples, races andcurrant bread and plums most feast celebrated from the survival of remote pagan past, so the church did there best to discourage them many insruments were very important to musical life
ministrels and jugglers were found to be in bands usually church music influenced by arab
love songs sang songs of
courtly love Troubadours, Trouveres
and Minstrels the troubadors were south french
trouveres were north french
Influences Foreign crusades and arab love songs middle ages culture change
the ideals of courtly love To protect themselves, villages began erecting walls and fortifying their positions. This lead to the great medieval walled cities that can still be seen in modern Europe. Viking invasions were a major factor in the development of cities during the early Middle Ages. The joust was a form of combat between two knights. The melee was a team sport many knights died during tournamnets, they were rough games Banquets - A ceremonial dinner honoring a particular guest
Jesters - A fool or buffoon at medieval courts
Mummers - A masked or costumed merrymaker or dancer especially at a festival
Minstrels - Travelling musician who sang of legends
Troubadours - Travelling musician who sang of courtly love
Strolling Players - Travelling actors
Jugglers - Also used tricks, deception, or fraud Entertainers the households were predominantly male near the end of the medieval times the household became evenly male and female most important function was the preparation and storage of food kitchen was divided into a pantry and a buttery household offices Administration Food and Drink Other depending on the wealth and size of the household these offices would be subdivided further Marshalsea
medieval aristocratic household was not fixed to one location but could be more or less permamnently on the move the households of medieval peasants were worse than modern houses- they had poorer quality Though towns had a curfew
(a time when everyone had to be in their homes) they have a small ground floor, a larger second floor and an even larger top floor as builders built up and out. As homes were made of wood, fire was another danger in a town or city opening media: Bibliography population growth Rivers The resurgence of trade in Europe was a prime cause of the revival of
towns; the towns arose because of trade, but they also stimulated trade by
providing greater markets and by producing goods for the merchants to sell.
Medieval towns tended to grow around areas where people could easily meet, such as crossroads or rivers homes were made of wood,
fire was another danger in a town or city Though towns had a curfew (a time when everyone had to be in their homes) During the first centuries of the Middle Ages,
medieval towns were more numerous than important,
poor and with a small population. The lack of roads security hampered
the development of the medieval towns Works Cited
Bartel, Nick. “Disease and Medical Treatment In Medieval Europse.” Medieval Medicine. N.p., 1 Nov. 2003. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <http://www.sfusd.edu/schwww/sch618/medicine/diseases_and_cures.html>.
A Division of Pear Corporation. “Crime and Punishment.” The Finer Times. The Finer Times, 2009. Web. 25 Apr. 2010.
“Leisure and Entertainment.” Dartford Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2010. <http://www.dartfordarchive.org.uk/medieval/leisure.shtml>.
“Medieval Guilds.” ISU. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gbetcher/373/guilds.htm>.
“Medieval Household.” Wikipedia. N.p., 22 Mar. 2010. Web. 2 May 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_household>.
“Medieval Times.” Worldhistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2010. <http://worldhistory.mrdonn.org/middleages.html>.
“The Middle Ages.” International World History Project. N.p., Jan. 2007. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <http://history-world.org/midtowns.htm>.
“Middle Ages Music.” MIddle-ages.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2010. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/middle-ages-music.htm>.
“The Town Merchants.” Library.thinkquest. Think Quest, 1997. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <http://library.thinkquest.org/10949/fief/medmerchant.html>.
Trevor, and Erin. “TOWN & TRADE IN THE MIDDLE AGES.” Yesnet.yk.ca. N.p., 25 Feb. 2000. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/projects/middleages/index.html>.
Conclusion I hopped of my carriage in London, Europe with hope and a bag of coins, welcome to the rise of trade and towns, do you want to listen. I jumped off the carriage here i am for the first time, though im poor im gonna make a living tonight, this is all so crazy, everybody seems so anxious, my stomachs turning and i see a few town gaurds so many people with the same thoughts, thats when i payed the gaurds and went through the gate and i felt my face light up and i felt my face light up and i felt my face light up So i got my sack and gathered my bags and ran to the center of the town. Im getting a job like yeah, making some money like yeah. So i joined a guild for weaving some clothes, i know im gonna make it now. Yeah It's the rise of Trade and Towns, Yeah It's the Rise of Trade and Towns