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Mindfulness and Children
Transcript of Mindfulness and Children
What is Mindfulness?
Christine A. Burke; Journal of Child and Family Studies (2010) 19:133-144.
Mindfulness-Based Approaches with Children and Adolescents: A Preliminary Review of Current Research in an Emergent Field
MBSR: Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction
MCBT: Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy
DBT: Dialectic Behavior Therapy
ACT: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
MBSR and MCBT use standard mindfulness meditation, DBT and ACT teaches techniques for use with mindfulness. Scope of article is on MBSR and MCBT.
Most widely used approaches within mindfulness interventions
Attitude, Attention, and Intention.
Proposed Elements of Mindfulness
Mindfulness and Children
Another thought is that there are foundations to being mindful.
Attitudinal foundations, Attention, & Intentional Attention.
Shapiro (2006) proposal:
Proposes that the elements of attitude, intention, and attention are connected together happening simultaneously which creates mindfulness.
Burke reviewed 15 studies that were conducted on children ages 4 through 18 with a wide variety of disorders from medical to psychological in which mindful meditation was attempted as an intervention.
Overall the intervention of mindful meditation was highly regarded and successful, however Burke warned that the sample sizes were small and at the time; the tests proved the need for additional empirical evidence.
Mindfulness Based Interventions for Children
Dr. Eesha Sharma Journal of Indian Association of Child Adolescent Mental Health 2014; 10(1): 1-8.
Different Point of View
1. Distancing oneself from the present can give one a higher state of awareness and a greater involvement in the present moment.
2. All events are observed without judgement.
3. Practice is needed to become proficient in the task.
MBSR and MBCT have both shown successes in adults with ailments such as depression, anxiety, stress related and chronically ill leading to the attempt to use with children. This led to similar successes to also include learning disabilities and substance use.
Use with children
Was at first questioned if a child could handle the act due to limitations within cognitive skills.
If we go with Piaget's theory of cognitive development, the child could not do such a task until the operational level which begins at age 10 years old.
This is now being challenged saying that children do tend to live "in the moment" and do not focus as much as the future or hang on to what happened in the past.
What do you think???
Can a child contain the abilities to be mindful in their thinking?
What age can this begin for a child? Does it vary?
Can a young child truly be trained to do so?