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Transcript of Genghis Khan
Temujin is born in Deluun Boldog, Mongolia
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After his father, the chieftain of the tribe, is poisoned, Temujin, his mother, and three brothers are cast out
Temujin marries Borte, hoping to establish an alliance with the Onggirat tribe
Temujin is named Genghis Khan, the ruler of the Mongols. He also builds one of the strongest armies in the world
Genghis leads his army in his first foreign war. He easily defeats the Xi Xia in China, and they become a Mongolian vassal.
Genghis begins his final campaign. His army diverts a canal and threatens to flood the city of Ningxia
August 18, 1227
Genghis dies in a camp during one of his campaigns. His death may be due to injuries he sustained after falling from a horse
Mongol Horseman Warrior
Mongols' famous weapon: the bow
Temujin was born with a blood clot grasped in his fist, a traditional sign that he was destined to become a great leader
At age 10, during a hunting excursion, Temüjin killed his half-brother, Bekhter, which was a result of a dispute over hunting spoils
In 1182, he was captured in a raid and held prisoner by his father’s former allies, the Tayichi'ud. They enslaved Temüjin but with the help of a sympathetic watcher, the father of Chilaun (who would later become a general of Genghis Khan), he was able to escape.
The Mongols Attack
Borte and Temujin have had four sons and five daughters. Their sons were named Jochi, Chagatai, Ogedei and Tolui. Their five daughters were Khojen Beki, Alaqai Beki, Tümelün, Altalün and Checheyigen.
"The greatest pleasure is to vanquish your enemies and chase them before you, to rob them of their wealth and see those dear to them bathed in tears, to ride their horses and clasp to your bosom their wives and daughters"
- Genghis Khan
"Thanks for watching... and don't forget to be awesome"- John Green, Crash Course
In the Mongol Empire, there were tax exemptions for religious figures, teachers, and doctors.
The Mongol Empire flourished because of their religious tolerance, even though they were Muslims.
Genghis Khan skoodilypooped with thousands of women from conquered territories. Scientists estimate that about 20 million people in Asia are his living descendants.
Timur and Babur of the Mughal Empire were descendants of Genghis Khan.
He executed one man by pouring molten silver into his ears and eyes, as retribution for his actions
Temujin and his men attacked Samarkand in Central Asia using prisoners as body shields and executed every soldier that had taken arms against him
At the siege of Caffa, the Mongols hurled dead bodies infected with the Black Plague into the city in one of the first attempts at biological warfare
Genghis Khan’s empire lasted more than 150 years after his death. Amil Khan, his last ruling descendant, was deposed by Soviet forces in 1920.
Some stories say that Genghis Khan died after being castrated by a Tangut princess in revenge for the terrible treatment of the Tangut people
Some historians estimate that his campaigns killed as many as 40 million people
Genghis Khan made a civilian and military code called Yassa.