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Ancient Egypt, Greek and Rome Fashion

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Nikki Rafanan

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt, Greek and Rome Fashion

Ancient Egypt,
Rome &Greek Fashion by: Nikki Rafanan And Rachel Buchanan Ancient Egypt Egyptians were known for their make up, clothes.
Their clothes were made of flax (a 2ft tall plant with small leaves and blue flowers)
They had no new styles. The Egyptians kept a very clean, repetitive and proud look
The rich wore a new wig each day (men and women) they were made of human hair Ancient Egyptian Men All men wore a wrap-round skirt that was tied at the waist with a belt. Sometimes the material was wrapped around the legs as well. The length of the skirt varied depending on the fashion of the time - in the time of the Old Kingdom they were short while in the Middle Kingdom they were calf length. During the New Kingdom period it was fashionable to wear a pleated garment.

Rich Men were able to afford the best quality linen which was very fine and almost see-through. Rich Egyptian men also wore as much jewelery as they could afford and decorated their clothes. They also wore headdresses for special occasions. Ancient Egyptian Women Egyptian women wore full length straight dresses with one or two shoulder straps. During the New Kingdom period it became fashionable for dresses to be pleated or draped.
The dresses worn by rich Egyptian women were made from fine transparent linen. Like the men, rich Egyptian women decorated their clothes and wore jewelry and headdresses.
at parties, women would wear cones of scented fat on their heads (when it would melt it would smell nice) Footwear
Egyptians went barefoot most of the time but wore sandals for special occasions or if their feet were likely to get hurt.
The sandals worn by the poor were made of woven papyrus or palm while those worn by the rich were made of leather. Jewelery
Egyptians wore jewelery to show their wealth and also because they believed it made them more attractive to the Gods.
They wore rings, ear-rings, bracelets, decorated buttons, necklaces, neck collars and pendants.
Only the very rich could afford jewelery made of gold and precious stones. Ordinary people made jewelery from colored pottery beads. everyone wore jewlry (rich or poor) the rich wore colorful beads

Makeup
Egyptian men and women wore make up.
They used black kohl eyeliner to line their eyes and darken their eye lashes and eye brows. They coloured their eye lids with blue or green eye shadow made from powdered minerals.
Henna dye was used to colour their lips and nails. Ancient Greek
Greeks would wear Light, loose clothing (linen for summer, wool for winter)
Clothing in ancient Greece was loose fitting, unlike the tight-fitting outfits worn by those people the Greeks considered barbarians. Hairstyles

Status - the higher the status the more elaborate the hairstyle, wigs and adornments

Role in Society - Egyptian priests shaved their hair completely and did not wear wigs

Gender - the men and women adopted different hairstyles

Age - Children of both sexes wore the 'Lock of Youth'. Older men and women dyed their hair with henna

Fashion - Hairstyles and fashions changed during the different periods of Ancient Egyptian history
Egyptian Hairstyles of Women
The women of early Ancient Egypt of the Middle Kingdom kept their hair short whereas the women of the later New Kingdom kept their hair long, which they plaited and curled. The wealthy women also wore elaborate wigs. Long hair was dressed as plaits or braided pony tails, and occasionally a fringe was cut. The hair of wealthy was elaborately curled and occasionally adorned with jewelry, gold strands, flowers, beads, ribbons and hair bands. The women had a preference for unique hairstyle which were kept in placed with clasps and hairpins. Egyptian men
The hairstyles of the men in Ancient Egypt changed little during the whole of the period which lasted over three thousand years. Ancient Egyptian men generally kept the hair short or shaved it off. The wealthy Egyptian men then wore highly elaborate wigs or hair extensions.

Men of the earliest periods, up to the Old and early Middle Kingdom were known to wear full beards and moustaches. This fashion changed during the Later Periods of Egyptian history and men of all roles and status adopted the clean shaven style. Both men and women typically wore sleeveless tunics. The women’s tunics were usually ankle length, while the men’s were shorter. For the common person, the color of cloth was plain. Those with the financial resources had their clothing dyed in various colors. During the winter, a heavy wool cloak was worn for warmth. Greeks went barefoot or wore sandals outside the home. Inside the home, they went barefoot. Women wore earrings, bracelets, and necklaces. Evidence suggests that men in early Greece wore jewelry also, but by the fourth century, it appears that the trend had ended.

Long hair was typical for Greek women; only slave women would wear their hair short. Women curled and braided their hair in early Greece. Later the style was to tie their hair back or put it up into a bun.

- head bands were made of ribbon or metal Makeup was used in ancient Greece. Rich women stayed indoors most of the day. Pale skin was fashionable and a sign of prestige. Women applied white lead (which was toxic) to their faces to lighten their complexion. Chalk was also used to lighten their complexion, but it wore off quickly. Connected eyebrows were also fashionable, so women decorated their eyes with dark powder. Red powder was also applied to their cheeks.

Men wore tunics called Chiton (Big squares of cloth held in with place pins at the shoulders and belts at the waste) bought cloth in the market place in Agora. It was very expensive. hairstyles of men and women in Ancient Greek Ancient Rome gladiator shoes! very popular in 2010 Roman fashions did not change much over the centuries, but they did vary regionally. In general, children wore smaller versions of adult clothing.
the toga was the formal garment of a male citizen, originally worn alone but later donned draped over a tunic. It was an expensive, fine piece of fabric of heavy white wool. It was roughly semi-circular, approximately 18 feet wide and 7 feet deep. It was draped in a complicated manner over a body. Several emperors had to issue decrees ordering its use on public occasions. Different types of Togas worn by men
Toga Praetexta: Characterized by a purple stripe, worn by curule magistrates as well as boys until the age of 15 or 16.
Toga Virilis: The plain toga of a typical citizen. Worn by boys after age 15 or 16.
Toga Picta: A crimson toga embroidered with gold, donned by victorious generals in triumphal processions and the emperors.
Toga Candida: A toga given a shiny, glossy look by rubbing it with chalk, worn by people running for public office.
Toga Pulla: Made of natural black wool and worn in funerals.
Women originally wore togas like the men, but later this practice was confined to prostitutes and women of ill repute. Therefore, women wore tunics. Married women wore a stola over the tunic, a long, full dress gathered up by a high belt with a colored border around the neck. The basic garment of a Roman male, however, was the short-sleeved tunic, worn tied around the waist with a belt. It was normally worn indoors, as well as by slaves and children. Long tunics with sleeves were considered effeminate. Extra tunics were worn in colder weather. Senators and equestrians wore tunics with broad and narrow purple stripes, respectively, running from soldier to hip on both sides. Tunics worn by charioteers were dyed the color of their faction. Wealthy women wore clothes of rich colors and fine materials, such as muslin and silks. Some areas also saw women wearing close fitting bonnets and hair nets. Women also wore a palla, a long shawl made of woolen goods for outdoor wear.
Hair could be dyed golden red or black. the hairdresser could skillfully use a curling iron for ringlets and crude scissors. She could also use oils and tonics to hurry growth and add both softness and luster. In the late 1st century and early 2nd century high-piled hairstyles of curls and plaits became popular a woman's face powder was a mixture of powdered chalk and white lead. Rouge for cheeks and lips was acher or the lees of wine. Eyebrows and eyelashes were blackened with ashes or powdered antimony, and teeth glistened with enamel. A lady chose her jewels, a diadem of precious stones for the hair, earrings, at least one necklace, rings for her fingers, bracelets for her wrists, and circlets for her ankles. tunics today
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