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Narrative theory

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Phillip Ebuehi

on 7 October 2017

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Transcript of Narrative theory

Todorov's theory of equilibrium
Todorov's theory of equilibrium is a cycle that can be related to a large amount of films. His theory is that there is an equilibrium and the first step is that the equilibrium is disturbed and the next stage is the realization of the problem. After this the problem is attempted to be saves and there is a new equilibrium which the ends the cycle of the theory.
Levis Strauss theory of narrative
Example
A movie that fits this theory is Astro Boy. in the beginning there is a equilibrium and this is when the father is happy with his son and they are having a good time. There is then a disturbance of the equilibrium and this is when the boy dies and his father is devastated. The father is a scientist and tries to repair this disequilibrium buy trying to make an exact copy of his son that died, the boy was a robot so at first he made mistakes and didn't act like the boy he lost. the new equilibrium and resolution is that the father then loves this robot as he once loved his son.
Narrative theory
Levis Strauss looked at narrative structure in the term of binary opposition. He believes the main focus should be on the characters. His theory says that there are opposites, e.g. good and bad or girl and boy. In Astro boy there is a hero which is Astro Boy and there is also a villain so this movie fits Levis theory.

Vladimir Propp's character theory
Vladimir Propp's character theory is that there are seven characters called archetypes and in a large amount of movies there are people who play these roles and it is also possible for a person to play more than one role e.g. the villain could also be the helper.

The Roles are:
The Hero
=This is the main character that the audience will recognize as a key character.
The Villain=
Is the bad guy and causes disequilibrium in Todorov's theory.
The Helper=
Helps the hero on his quest by giving advice or a weapon.
The Donor=
Gives the hero something, this is like the helper.
The Dispatcher=
Sends the hero on his/her quest.
The False Hero=
Tries to take the hero's place but is really a fraud.
The princess or prize or the father=
The father gives a prize to the hero or the hero gets the girl.


Example
In Astro Boy
The villain is president Stone
The Donor and helper are the friends he meet in the garbage ground.
The dispatcher is his father that disowns him.
The hero is Astro Boy.
The false villain is Hamegg.
The prize was that his father loved him and took him back.
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