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to kill a mockingbird chapters 16-18

eng. 2012

Monica Spina

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of to kill a mockingbird chapters 16-18

To Kill a Mockingbird chapters 16, 17, 18, notes By: Courtney, Brianna, Camryn, Julia, and Monica Chapter 16 -Jem and Scout see a guy drinking whiskey out of a brown paper bag

- Jem and Scout went into the courthouse there was no room so they sat on the balcony with the blacks, When they were supposed to be playing outside Chapter 17 -Mr. Heck Tate the sheriff was getting testified

-Mr. Ewell goes up to the stand, and they testify him

-The solicitor testified them, and Atticus was asking them questions Chapter 18 -Mayella testified

- They all got a ten-minute break

-Atticus calls his witness to the stand, which is Tom Robinson Themes Prejudice: The theme prejudice is applied to these chapters because in the courthouse they are being racist against the blacks, throughout the whole case.

Growing up: The theme growing up is applied to these chapters because this case makes them grow up because this is a serious case. The witnesses all get things directed to them, which make them grow up faster. Motifs Walking in some one else's shoes: This is used a lot in court because when a witness is giving their testimony and being asked questions, it is to gain further insight into their perspective on what happened. Atticus asked insightful questions that helped him better understand the witness, so that it was easier to put himself "in their shoes". Mockingbirds: The idea of "mockingbirds" can be seen with Tom Robinson because he is innocent and does good but his innocence is being destroyed by the evil of the Ewells. Literary Devices Exposition: Exposition, for those who don't know, is when the author interrupts the story to explain something or provide background information.
Harper Lee frequently uses this technique through out these chapters. For example she uses it in chapter 16, page 165, when scout explains the casual court behavior of Judge Taylor, and gives some background information on one of his previous cases. Pathetic Fallacy: It is a stiflingly hot day when the trial takes place. This is pathetic fallacy because it shows the stifling tension within the courthouse. Quiz!! Chapter 16 1.What did Scout do when she thought of all the events that went on that night?
d)all of the above 1. Answer is b)cry 2. As a group decide whether Atticus should have said that Braxton Underwood despises Negros right in front of Calpurnia. Explain.

1 point 3. With whom did the children sit in court? 3. Answer: The children sat with Reverend Sykes. Chapter 17 4. Why does Scout get to stay for the explicit testimonies? 4. Answer: Jem tells Reverend Sykes that Scout does not understand what is being said. 5. What excuse does Jem use for not taking Scout home? 5. Answer: Jem says Scout didn’t understand what was being said. 6. What does the word ambidextrous, used in chapter 17, mean? 6. Answer: Being able to use both hands. Chapter 18 7. Whom does Mayella say she is afraid of? 7. Answer: She is afraid of Atticus. 8. What question does Atticus ask Mayella that makes her furious? 8. Answer: Atticus asks if her father had attacked her. 9. Why did Judge Taylor not have Mayella in contempt of court? 9. Answer: Because she is poor and innocent. 1 point 0 points 1 point 1 point 1 point 1 point 1 point 1 point Significant Quotes “They don’t belong anywhere. Coloured folks won’t have ‘em because they’re half white; white folks won’t have ‘em ‘cause they’re coloured, so they’re just in betweens, don’t belong anywhere.” (Lee, 162) The coloured people and the white people are being prejudice because if someone has a little bit of the other race in them, they don’t belong, they are outsiders, unfaithful. “Reverend Sykes came puffing behind us, and steered us gently through the black people in the balcony. Four Negroes rose and gave us their front-row seats. The Coloured balcony ran along three walls of the courtroom like a second-story veranda, and from it we could see everything.” (Lee, 164) This shows prejudice because the coloured people have to get up out of their chair so that the white people could have first-row and a better view than the coloured people. “Jedge, I’ve asked this county for years to clean out that nigger nest down yonder they’re dangerous to live around ‘sides devaluin’ my property.” (Lee, 175) This shows prejudice because it shows how the white people just want the coloured people totally gone. They think just because their skin is coloured, that they are dangerous, and not safe to be around. Character Development

The two main characters that change over the course of these chapters are Scout and Dill. They seem to grow and mature, especially with Tom Robinson’s trial going on, they both learn and experience many new things that teach them the cruel world of prejudice.

Dill and Scout really aren’t aware just how prejudice the people in Maycomb are, let alone around the world. They know what people expect (the black people to serve the white people), but as they age they learn that some people go way beyond prejudice and are just cruel. Scout seems to get truly into the Robinson trial and like her father she wants to defend Tom because he is an innocent man. This proves how Scout is growing and maturing and becoming more and more like Atticus. Dill was in the beginning more of a runaway and didn’t take life too seriously, until growing up and realizing how prejudice the world is. The Tom Robinson trial seemed to truly affect him too, for when Tom, an innocent man was proven guilty only because he is black. Dill really matures at this point and starts to understand just how unequally people are treated. He really seems to take the trial to heart and also becomes more like Atticus in the sense that Tom is an innocent man and Dill gets upset he is proven guilty for only one reason.
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