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ANGLO-AMERICAN LITERATURE

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Gacel Perfinian

on 22 June 2014

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Transcript of ANGLO-AMERICAN LITERATURE

ANGLO OR ENGLISH LITERATURE
Anglo is a prefix indicating a relation to the Angles, England, the English people, or the English language, such as in the term Anglo-Saxon language. It is often used alone, somewhat loosely, to refer to people of British Isles descent in The Americas, New Zealand and Australia.

Anglo is a Late Latin prefix used to denote English. The word is derived from Anglia, the Latin name for England, and still the modern name of its eastern region. Anglia and England both mean land of the Angles, a Germanic people originating in the north German peninsula of Angeln.
LITERARY PERIODS IN ANGLO LITERATURE

Old English Literature (450-1100)
* Encompasses literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England
* GENRE/STYLE :Epic poetry; Hagiography; Sermons; Bible Translations; Chronicles

Sample Literary Masterpiece:
Beowulf
LITERARY PERIODS IN ANGLO LITERATURE
*Middle English Literature: 1100-1500
In this period religious literature continued to enjoy popularity and Hagiographies were written, adapted and translated.
* GENRE/STYLE: Romance; Bible Translations
* Sample Literary Masterpieces: The Canterbury Tales
of Geoffrey Chaucer and Sir Gawain and the
Green Knight


English Renaissance: 1500-1660
a.Elizabethan and Jacobean period (1558-1625)
b. Late Renaissance:1625-60
*The English Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement in England dating from the late 15th and early 16th centuries to the 17th century.
The Renaissance saw the rise of English theatrical drama, most notably William Shakespeare but also from authors such as Christopher Marlowe.
* GENRE/STYLE:Vernacular Literature; Comedy; Tragedy
* Sample Literary Masterpiece: Book of Common
Prayer; Works of William Shakespeare; The Faerie Queene
by Edmund Spenser


LITERARY PERIODS IN ANGLO LITERATURE
NEO-CLASSICAL PERIOD: Restoration Age:(1660-1700)
Augustan literature (1700-1750) and Age of sensibility: (1750-1798)
* The 18th century literature reflected the worldview of the Age of Enlightenment (or Age of Reason): a rational and scientific approach to religious, social, political, and economic issues that promoted a secular view of the world and a general sense of progress and perfectibility.
* GENRE/STYLE:Pastoral and Mock-heroic
* Sample Literary Masterpiece: Gulliver’s Travel of
Jonathan Swift

LITERARY PERIODS IN ANGLO LITERATURE
Modern Period
*English literary modernism developed out of a general sense of disillusionment with Victorian era attitudes of certainty, conservatism, and belief in the idea of objective truth.
*GENRE/STYLE: Modernist novels using
the stream of consciousness technique; Science Fiction
* Sample Literary Masterpieces: The Sound and the Fury
by William Faulkner and Lady Chatterley’s Lover
by D.H Lawrence
AMERICAN LITERATURE
American literature is the literature written or produced in the area of the United States and its preceding colonies. During its early history, America was a series of British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States. Therefore, its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature. However, unique American characteristics and the breadth of its production usually now cause it to be considered a separate path and tradition.
GOAL!
ANGLO-AMERICAN LITERATURE
A GLIMPSE OF THE PAST
LITERARY PERIODS IN ANGLO
LITERATURE
PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
PURITAN/COLONIAL 1650-1750
* Instructive and reinforces authority of the Bible and church.
*GENRE/STYLE: Sermons, diaries, personal narratives ; Written in plain style
* Sample Literary Masterpieces: Rowlandson's "A Narrative of the Captivity" and Edward's "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"




PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
REVOLUTIONARY/ AGE OF REASON 1750-1800
*Patriotism grows; Instills pride; Creates common agreement about issues; National mission and the American character.
*GENRE/STYLE: Political pamphlets; Travel writing; Highly ornate style and Persuasive writing
* Sample Literary Masterpiece: Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanac


PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
ROMANTICISM 1800-1860
*Value feeling and intuition over reasoning; Journey away from corruption of civilization and limits of rational thought toward the integrity of nature and freedom of the imagination
Helped instill proper gender behavior for men and women
*GENRE/STYLE: Character sketches; Slave narratives; Poetry; Short stories
Washington Irving's "Rip Van Winkle and Poems of Walt Whitman
PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
AMERICAN RENAISSANCE/ TRANSCENDENTALISM
1840-1860
(Note overlap in time period with Romanticism -- some consider the anti-transcendentalists to be the"dark"romantics or gothic)
Transcendentalists: True reality is spiritual; Idealists; Self-reliance & individualism
Anti-Transcendentalists: Used symbolism to great effect; Sin, pain, & evil exist
* GENRE/STYLE: Poetry; Short Stories; Novels
* Sample Literary Masterpiece: Poems and essays of Emerson & Thoreau ; Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter
Poe's "The Masque of the Red Death" and "The Black Cat"


PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
REALISM 1855-1900
(Period of Civil War and Postwar period)
Social realism: aims to change a specific social problem
Aesthetic realism: art that insists on detailing the world as one sees it
*GENRE/STYLE: Novels and short stories and Objective narrator
* Sample Literary Masterpiece: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (some say 1st modern novel)
PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
THE MODERNS 1900-1950
* In Pursuit of the American Dream; Admiration for America as land of Eden; Optimism and Importance of the Individual
* GENRE/STYLE: Novels ; Plays; Poetry (a great resurgence after deaths of Whitman & Dickinson); Use of interior monologue & stream of consciousness
* Sample Literary Masterpieces: Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby ; Poetry of Jeffers, Williams, Cummings, Frost, Eliot, Sandburg, Pound, Robinson, Stevens.

PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
HARLEM RENAISSANCE (Parallel to modernism) 1920s
Allusions to African-American spirituals ; Uses structure of blues songs in poetry (repetition)
Superficial stereotypes revealed to be complex characters
*GENRE/STYLE: Gave birth to "gospel music"
Blues and jazz transmitted across American via radio and phonographs.
*Sample Literary Masterpiece: Poetry, short stories and novels of Hurston and Hughes


PERIODS IN AMERICAN LITERATURE
POSTMODERNISM (1950 to present)
*Erodes distinctions between classes of people; Insists that values are not permanent but only "local" or "historical"; Mixing of fantasy with nonfiction; blurs lines of reality for reader ; Usually humorless
*GENRE/STYLE: Narratives; Metafiction and Magic realism
*Sample Literary Masterpiece: Miller's The Death of a Salesman & The Crucible and Salinger's Catcher in the Rye

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