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Transcript of Chapter 4A
the land surface of Europe
12 countries compared to Europe's 30
Russian Federation larger than all other countries in the region put together (
size of U.S)
The Soviet Union
Competing for Control
Image by Tom Mooring
CHAPTER FOUR: RUSSIA AND NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Vikings (Varangians) moved into North European Plain along Volga River.
Muscow was trade route between the Baltic and Black Seas.
Crossroads, Imperialism, and Cultural Diversity
A political and economic organization created (in1991) by 11 republics of the former Soviet Union. CIS coordinates relations between member countries, including issues involving economics, foreign policy, and defense matters.
COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES
12 COUNTRIES THAT CAN BE DIVIDED INTO THREE SUBREGIONS
Russia and it's Neighboring Countries
The Three Subregions:
(Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova)
(Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan)
(Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
This membership has little in common besides economics, particularly culture and natural environment.
The three Subregions most likely will break apart.
The many differences in culture and orientation cause this.
This process is far from complete, but China is forming links with countries along it's border.
Despite differences, they have found it to be a mutual benefit to continue to work together because of the similar economic troubles and political problems.
World's largest region in terms of land area
least populated region
Either all frozen arctic (north)
or hot desert (south)
Inhabited by over 100 ethnic groups
Russian Empire conquered peoples and land adjacent to it.
3 major invading influences:
Mongol Culture (East)
Eastern Slavs mingled with Vikings, Balts, and Finno-Ugric peoples.
Rus came into being
Both land and the people of the land
The consolidated territories governed from Moscow became known as Muscovy
The Russian Empire
-Peter the Great
-Catherine the Great
Policies directed at making non-Russians into Russians by encouraging or forcing them to adopt Russian cultural characteristics such as the Russian language.
-World War I exerted great amount of stress on Russian Empire
-1992 Soviet Union (USSR)
Series of comprehensive economic plans in the Soviet Union.
These plans were followed from 1928 until 1991
Soviet practice whereby the government ran the economy, owned all industries, and set quotas, favoring heavy industry over the production of consumer goods.
Soviet practice in which the government decided how many goods and services were needed by society, almost without cost considerations
World War II
-Hitler launches operation Barbarossa
(invasion of Soviet Union)
"Great Patriotic War"
-CIS -Command economy
-Russification -Central planning
Key Terms To Remember: