Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Hist 1103: Spring 2013 English & So On

No description
by

h 1103

on 23 January 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Hist 1103: Spring 2013 English & So On

English America ENGLISH AMERICA 1517: Martin Luther 1630s 1560s 1540 Coronado Explores the Southwest for Spain (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1519 Cortes Explores Mexico 1534 Cartier 1515 1520 1530s: John Calvin 1530 1545 1545 1575 1590 1607 1620 1700s 1531 Henry VIII declares himself head of the English Church 1585 British Attempt Settlement at Roanoke 1608: Champlain Founds Quebec 1598 Spanish Settle New Mexico Reformation (General) Exploration & Settlement England & Reformation 1540s-1560s: Catholic Counter-Reformation 1547-1553: Edward VI 1553-1558: Mary 1558-1603: Elizabeth 1588: England Defeats Spanish Armada Origins & Geographic Location 1688: Glorious Revolution Origins: TAS, 39-60 Virginia: Commercial Venture Plymouth: Refuge for English Separatists New Hampshire: Commercial Venture Massachusetts: Refuge for English Puritans Maryland: Refuge for English Catholics Connecticut: Expansion of Massachusetts Rhode Island: Dissenters From Massachusetts North Carolina/South Carolina: Commercial Ventures New Jersey Pennsylvania: Refuge for Quakers Georgia: Claim Against Spain/ Outlet for Debtors Religion in English America 3. America Religious Refuge Puritan Theological Schema: ***The following does not constitute a definitive explanation of reformation era theological beliefs. It is a schema, a diagram or plan, to help one better understand on a basic level the religious ideas and belief systems that are important to understanding European and American history. It is not perfect, and the definitions/charts are aimed to help you understand the big trends. Luther versus Catholics
“On Bondage of the Will” – Martin Luther (Early Protestant theologian). (In short: you are so distorted by sin you need Christ to liberate you. You are saved by faith alone. Our understanding of the faith comes from the bible alone. Luther moves away from the sacraments and Church as a mediator of grace.)
“On Freedom of the Will”—Erasmus (Catholic reformer). (In short: you have radical freedom to choose to accept God’s grace and atonement; and you will be strengthened by grace that flows through sacraments of the Catholic church. Catholics emphasize the CC as mediator of grace. ) Calvin (first major systematic Protestant thinker):
T-Total Depravity (Humans are corrupt. You deserve to be damned)
U-Unconditional Election (Beyond our control, God has chosen to save the elect.)
L- Limited Atonement (Atonement is limited to those who are predestined.
I- Irresistible Grace (We have no choice. You cannot say no to it.)
P-Perseverance of the Saints (We are called to live a sanctifying life serving God.) Catholic Church reforms: Grace still mediated through Catholic Church: faith plus works; cleans up scandals Calvin (first major systematic Protestant thinker):
T-Total Depravity (Humans are corrupt. You deserve to be damned)
U-Unconditional Election (Beyond our control, God has chosen to save the elect.)
L- Limited Atonement (Atonement is limited to those who are predestined.
I- Irresistible Grace (We have no choice. You cannot say no to it.)
P-Perseverance of the Saints (We are called to live a sanctifying life serving God.)

This type of theology is important to the Puritans and Pilgrims. It also emphasizes faith alone/scripture alone. Calvin also sees connections about how society and theology should be ordered. Your prosperity and well-lived life might indicate that you are the elect. Calvinists emphasize the sovereignty of God. Max Weber (sociologist) suggested that Calvinist thought is an influential driver of progress in the modern world. The idea that if they are prosperous that they often saw it as a sign of being chosen helps the transition from feudalistic to mercantile economy. Historians have thought that the Puritans saw their success and societal development as something of a psychological assurance of salvation. So the trajectory of the development of the Puritan society is tied to this idea of “How do you know who is saved?” As time passes, this question will continue to shape the Puritan descendants in New England. British Protestants Defining themselves against Papists in Writing/Life

Individual vs. Priest-led community (keep laity ignorant)
Scripture vs. tradition (superstition)
Freedom vs. tyranny
“Jesuits-world conspiracy”

1647 and 1700 You will see the passage of laws in several colonies prohibiting Catholic priests and missionaries in America. (One underlying reason would be a fear of French in Canada/French missionaries). Significance of Puritans for American History:
1) Education as preparation for the moral life 2) concern with moral government 3) jeremiad 4)discipline/striving for success 5)language of choseness Theological Definitions:
Original sin: In Christian theology, the condition of sin that marks all humans as a result of Adam (in the Christian bible) disobeying God.
Salvation: how mankind is saved from the condition of sin. In Christian theology, this is related to the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross.
Grace: the love of god; virtue or gift of divine origin VIRGINIA Origins - Jamestown (1607)
-Joint-stock company
-Early Struggles
-Salvation: ________ -high mortality rate
-single labor (indentured)
-isolated plantations Salient Details Society Develops hierarchy
indentured servants---> African slavery
Bacon's Rebellion: Symbol of tensions in developed society
-desire of lower class to move further West Origins - Massachusetts Bay (early settlement areas -- aka Boston & Salem
-Puritan religious agenda
-Great Migration Massachusetts Bay Colony -moved as families
-town/meetinghouse center of life
-congregationalism
-Religious & Politics mixed
-yeoman farmers Salient Details Society Develops -development of Educational institutions
-extend into neighboring areas like CT
--radicals kicked out
-absorb Pilgrims
-Salem Witch Trial Glorious Revolution James II: Dominion of New England, 1686-1689, Attempts to consolidate New England colonies; Sets Govenor Andros in charge. New England during G.R. deposes Andros. Agrees to let new King choose governor and extends franchise to those without church membership. America England 1689 Glorious Revolution: Ruling class deposed James 11 (Seen as Catholic/married to one), and placed Protestants on the throne who agree to protect the constitutional rights of British (AKA Parliament) NEWS PAPER DUE ON FRIDAY-- HARD COPY IN YOUR SECTION + PLACE IN DROPBOX

-Chicago (or Turabian) FOOTNOTES required EXAM- Jan. 30th

Study Guide on d2l Wed. - Regular office hours
Thursday- 8am-Noon New Mexico 1598 - Franciscans & Juan de Onate

1680 - Pueblo Revolt

Organized under the leadership of Pope

1694 Reconquest MAP OF SETTLEMENT & ORIGINS BELOW READ TAS, 60-72 REFERENCE: 1. Reformation: REVIEW

: 2. General: Religion & England strong connection between Protestantism & development of English nationalism
Full transcript