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William Wordsworth

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Valentina Pancaldi

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of William Wordsworth

Industrial Revolution...
Romanticism
Romanticism was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, it was also a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature. The romanticism affirmed a new sensibility: the supremacy of feeling and emotions against the faith in reason.
William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April

1850) was a major English

Romantic

poet,

and the major exponent of the

Naturalism
.
He lived in England and France at the time

of the

Industrial Revolution

and French

Revolution, under the power of the
Hanoverian kings
.
The Naturalistic poet
The Industrial Revolution increased the development of the modern society. In many countries the industry became more and more important and the new system interested particularly the textile industry and the production of steel and iron. Many agricultural techniques were introduced with the consequent increase of productivity. The first transformation of the industrial production took place in the cotton fabric, thanks to the important role of the colonies who imported high quality cotton. The mechanization of textile fabric was caused by the use of the spool and the use of spinning machine. The most important innovation was the invention of the steam machine that increased the production of iron. The second phase of the industrial revolution was characterized by the domination of metallurgic industry and also by the railways and the steam-navigation.
... And its social problems
The industrial revolution led to many social problems among the working class: overpopulation in towns and bad houses. Farmers had to leave the countryside and to move to the cities where they lived in very bad conditions: the houses were small and not safe, and they had to work in very bad places, such as mines and factories. The working time was from 12 to 16 hours a day and the pay was not enough for the survival of the family. So also women and children had to work.
Romantic poetry
During the Romantic period, poetry became one of the most vital forms of literary expression. The poetry of Romanticism signalled a profound change in sensibility.  The main characteristics of Romanticism are intensity and imagination. These themes recur in Romantic writings and include the tension between innocence and experience, country and city, youth and age, man and nature, language and expression. We generally divide the Romantic poets into two groups: the first generation and the the second generation. The first generation: Blake, Coleridge and Wordsworth. Their characteristics were: importance of feelings and intuition; free play of imagination, poetic vision; language more typical of common usage; heightened observation of nature and everyday situations. The second generation: Byron, Shelley and Keats. They were all quite different from one another, both in terms of aesthetic style and in their preoccupations.
I wandered lonely as a cloud

A

I wandered

l
onely as a c
l
oud

B

That floats on
h
igh o'er vales and

h
ills,


Alliteration

A

When all at once I saw a crowd,

B

A host, of golden daffodils;

1st stanza

C

B
eside

th
e lake,

b
eneath

th
e trees,


C

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.


D

Continuous as the stars that shine

E

And twinkle on the milky way,

D

They stretched in never-ending line

2nd stanza

E

Along the margin of a bay:



F

Ten thousand saw I at a glance,

F

Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.


G

The waves beside them danced; but they

H

Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:

G

A poet could not but be gay,


3rd stanza

H

In such a jocund company:

I

I gazed -and gazed-but little thought

I

What wealth the show to me had brought:


L

For oft, when on my couch I lie

M

In vacant or in pensive mood,


L

They flash upon that inward eye


4th stanza

M

Which is the bliss of solitude;

N

And then my heart with pleasure fills,

N

And dances with the daffodils
.

Translation
and
analysis
Vagavo solo come una nuvola 
che fluttua in alto su valli e colline 
quando d'un tratto vidi una folla 
un esercito di dorate giunchiglie; 
presso il lago, sotto gli alberi 
ondeggianti e danzanti nel vento. 

Continue come stelle che splendono 
e brillano nella Via Lattea 
si stendevano in linea infinita 
lungo il margine di una baia 
Diecimila ne vidi in uno sguardo 
scuotere il capo in vivace danza. 

Le onde lì accanto danzavano; ma queste 
superavano in gaiezza le onde splendenti: 
Un poeta non può che gioire 
in sì gioconda compagnia: 
Guardavo - guardavo - ma non pensavo 
alla ricchezza che tal vista mi aveva dato: 

Poiché spesso, quando giaccio sul sofà 
d'umore pensoso o indolente 
esse brillano su quell'occhio interiore 
che è la gioia della solitudine 
ed ecco, il mio cuore di gioia si riempie 
e danza insieme alle giunchiglie.
"I wandered lonely as a cloud" takes place in the Lake District of Northern England. The area is famous for its hundreds of lakes and gorgeous expanses of springtime daffodilds.This poem, obviously inspired by Wordsworth's stomping grounds, is well-loved because of its simple yet beautiful rhythms and rhymes, and its rather sentimental topic. The poem consists of four six-line stanzas, each of which follow an ababcc rhyme scheme and are written in iambic tetrameter, giving the poem a subtle back-and-forth motion that recalls swaying daffodils. By comparing himself to a cloud in the first line of the poem, the speaker signifies his close identification with the nature that surrounds him. He also demonstrates this connection by personifying the daffodils several times, even calling them a "crowd" as if they are a group of people.
translation
analysis
Valentina Pancaldi 3°D
Hanoverian kings
George III
(1)
 reigned from 1760 to 1820, frequently reviled by Americans as a tyrant and the instigator of the American War of Independence.The last king to dominate government and politics, his long reign is noted for losing the first British Empire with a loss in the American Revolutionary War (1783), as France sought revenge for its defeat in the Seven Years War by aiding the Americans. The reign was notable for the building of a second empire based in India, Asia and Africa, the beginnings of the industrial revolution that made Britain an economic powerhouse.
A weak ruler as regent (1811–20) and king (1820–30), George IV
(2)
let his ministers take full charge of government affairs, playing a far lesser role than his father, George III. His brother William IV 
(3)
ruled (1830–37), but was little involved in politics. His reign saw several reforms: the poor law was updated, child labour restricted, slavery abolished in nearly all the British Empire, and, most important, the Reform Act 1832 refashioned the British electoral system.

The rhyme scheme is simple: ABABCC. The last two lines of each stanza rhyme like the end of a Shakespeare sonnet, so each stanza feels independent and self-sufficient. This is called a "rhyming couplet."

Lyric poem
A lyric poem is a type of literary work meant to express emotional and personal feelings. Its characteristics include short rhyming verses with focus on an experience, image or object while telling a story in a poetic form. In Europe the lyric emerges as the principal poetic form of the 19th century. Romantic lyric poetry consists of first-person accounts of the thoughts and feelings of a specific moment; feelings are extreme, but personal.
The traditional form of the sonnet is revived in Britain, with William Wordsworth writing more sonnets than any other British poet
(1)
(2)
(3)
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