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Karen Horney: Neurotic Needs and Trends

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Ms. M L

on 2 November 2015

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Transcript of Karen Horney: Neurotic Needs and Trends

Karen Horney: Neurotic Needs and Trends
Basic Anxiety
Neurotic Needs and Trends
The ultimate goal in life is Love and security
No love= anxiety
Parent child relationships will either satisfy or frustrate a child's need for safety -> Neurotic bx
It is about social forces, not biological forces!
Freud knew nothing about women
Horney's Search For Love
Why is everything beautiful
on earth given to me,
only not
the highest thing,
not love!
Gave birth to three daughters during her 17 year marriage
she had many love affairs
Horney realized her attachment to man were not helping to alleviate her depression
Her marriage
Psychoanalysis
Horney consulted Karl Abraham to psychoanalysis here unhealthy attachment to men.
Abraham described her problems as a residue of childhood Opedial longings for her father.
Horney leaving her purse in his office was symbolic in her readiness to abandon herself to patriarchal figures.
Freudian theory was little help to her and turned toward self analysis
Unsuccessful
Psychoanalysis
The Childhood Need For Safety
Parent and child relationships
How a child's feeling of safety is weaken
Infant helplessness( more helplessness=less rebel)
created fear through punishment, physical abuse, or intimidation
lackluster love and affection
feelings of guilt
Repressed Hostility
Social forces influenced the development of personality
There are neither no universal developmental stages nor childhood conflicts (Freudian view)
Safety need involves the need for security and an absence from fear
It is all about the social relationship between the child and his or her parents
Self-protective Mechanisms
Basic Anxiety
Securing affection and love
Trying to find ways secure affection through any means, i.e., do whatever the person wants.
Being Submissive
submissive persons avoid doing anything to upset or antagonize the others
Attaining power
Power helps compensate for helplessness and achieve security through a sense of superiority
Withdrawing
a person chooses not to rely on others as a means of satisfaction of internal or external needs

Feelings of helplessness and loneliness
The foundation of
neurosis
"If you love me, you will not hurt"
"If I comply, I will not be hurt"
" If I have power, no one will harm me"
"If I have no emotional ties, then nobody can hurt me"
Affection and Approval
A dominant partner
Toward others
Power
Exploitation
Prestige
Admiration
Achievement
Against people
Self sufficiency
Perfection
Narrow limits to life
Away from people
Neurotic Trends
The Compliant Personality
Have an continuous need for affection and approval towards everyone
Concerned with living up to others' ideals and expectations
The Aggressive Personality
These people never display fear, they act tough, and have no regard for others
Only the strong survive in their world
They must be the best and will use any relationship as a means of benefit to them
The Detached Personality
A desperate desire for privacy
Must maintain an emotional distance
Suppression or denying of all feelings of love and hate
Conflict happens because of the incompatibility of the neurotic trends
The Idealized Self-Image
Neurotic Persons
Create an IDEALIZED SELF IMAGE that is based on an illusion, an unattainable ideal of absolute perfection
The TYRANNY of the SHOULDS: This involves behaving in terms of what we think we should be doing
Externalization is used defend against conflict caused by the idealized and a real self image by projecting the conflict onto outside world
Normal persons
Built on an attainable, realistic assessment of ones abilities
The realistic image is a goal that leads the person
Supplies a sense of unity of the personality
Feminine Psychology
Womb Envy is the envy a male feels toward a female because she can bear children and he cannot
She questioned Freud's claim of a biological means of women's feeling of inferiority
Flight from Womanhood
Women feelings of inferiority may lead to the denial of their femininity and unconsciously wish they were men.
this leads to sexual inhibitions
a conflict between the desire to have a child and the fear of intercourse
Womb Envy
The Oedipus Complex
Opedipal feelings lies in neurotic conflicts that evolve from parent child interactions
They develop when parents act undermine their child's security, not by sexual forces.
Cultural Influences
There are social and cultural forces on the development of personality
different cultures and social groups view women's roles in different ways.
"specific cultural conditions engender specific qualities and faculties, in women as in men"
Thank You
What did we learn?
What is Horney's belief on the development of personality?
What is Basic Anxiety?
How do we protect ourselves against basic anxiety?
What are Horney's neurotic trends?
What are the three personalities derived form these trends?
What were some disagreements of the Freudian theory?
Key Points of Focus
Horney's first daughter was a German theatre and film actress.
Did you know?
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