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Community Policing In Canada
Transcript of Community Policing In Canada
Presented by Steven Tsai and Nima Kahani COMMUNITY POLICING Definition and Core Strategies of Community Policing Community Policing, as known as Oriented Policing, Community-Based Policing and Problem-Oriented Policing, but however people look at it, the very root of it is COMMUNITY POLICING. Today, it is the most widely-recognized approached to public policing in the western industrialized countries. ` Two Core Strategies of Community Policing Problem Solving Problem solving is based on addressing and identify local crime by finding the root of the problem. For example, if a neighborhood have numerous response to "break and enter", the best way to solve this problem is to educate the neighborhood by not just introduce better locks and sensor lighting, but educate them with better knowledge to avoid such incidents, and also provide educational pamphlets at the next community events. Community Partnership is based on the partnership between the community and the police. This allows the police to identify local crimes and disorder problems, setting priorities for the problems, and develop solutions. Not only that, because the locals care about their community, police officers don't have to go out and LOOK for crimes, instead, the officers will have a better understanding of where the crimes are going to be. This is the so called "BROAD BLUE LINE" approach. With the Broad Blue Line approach, it changed the culture of RESPONDING crimes into PREVENTING crimes. The key to this approach is to have the community to TRUST the police, and allow the community to be part of the crime prevention. Community Partnership
(co-producer of order) In community policing, police officers and volunteers will often perform their duties by using these tactics.
- Personal Vehicles
- Foot Patrol
- Bike Patrol
- Horseback Community Policing Tactics -Broken windows argument: self-fulfilling
-Less visible signs of crime in the neighborhood causes people perceive that there is less crime out there.
-"Brown model": Police are trusted only enough to wait in the police station until called in emergencies.
-"Blue model": Police are seen as big brother who exploits the community policing to spy and place tighter handcuffs on the community.
-In more positive perspective, old professional model
of policing reflects a minimalist policing approach, while community policing reflects a maximality approach. Community Policing in Theory It was well supported officially.
1. It reflected the majority of Canadian police chiefs and police board.
2. It was officially endorsed by public safety. Canada has the preferred approach to modern urban policing.
3. Several provincial governments made it their official policy.
4. Canada's national police, the RCMP, formally adopted community policing. Community Policing in Practice Does Community Policing Work? 1. Community Policing was the "official" approach to policing in most Canadian police services.
2. It went beyond the stage of experimentation and demonstration
3. It became integrated into daily operation of policing.
BUT IN CONTRAST
There were still community policing that were:
1. Remained marooned as an add-on program with amateur tactics.
2. The two core strategies of community policing were disconnected. By the Year 2000 Critics claims that there is very little proofs that community police works instead of reducing or preventing actual crime, it only makes people feel good.
What factors are contributed to a decline in crimes.:
1. More affluent economic conditions, which reduce the motivations for engaging in criminality, as well as an aging society in which there are fewer young, at risk male.
2. there were also tougher laws, more aggressive law enforcement and more severe sentences.
Canadian rather than focusing mainly on reducing official crime rate, they sought a balance between crime reduction and crime prevention through the police-community partnership.
For example, Edmonton police services neighborhood foot patrol project reported that:
1. Significantly reduced the number of repeat calls for service in the beat neighborhoods.
2. Improved user satisfaction with police services.
3. Improved constables' job satisfaction
4. increased constable' knowledge of the neighborhoods and their problems. Community policing was at it's height in the 1980's. It was called "Integrated Policing"
In 1990's community policing shifted toward the priority of policing in more serious of "hard crimes" such as organized crime, serial murders and mass murder involving automatic weapons.
It is actually called the "intelligence-led policing"
At the wake of the 911, terrorist incidents public policing retrenched into the professional model.
Hardened the boarders called "defense-driven style" Once again, traditional policing is the model in Canada, however, it remains to be seen whether community policing survives the recent trend back to old-days policing once the panic over terrorism diminishes. Conclusion Do you prefer the traditional way of policing or community policing? Questions How many of you are interested in joining the community policing? Do you think community policing changed the way you look at police? HOW MANY OF YOU HAVE HEARD OF COMMUNITY POLICING? There are two models of policing, as mentioned earlier,"THE THIN BLUE LINE" and the "BROAD BLUE LINE"
- Thin Blue Line: Crime is a exclusive "property" of the police. It is technology driven and rapid response combined with random motorized patrol.
- Broad Blue Line: It is coalition against local crime and disorder problems. It unleashes new or underutilized community resources.
IN ANOTHER WORD
- The Thin Blue Line it's like an ambulance that will RESPONSE to 911 call when there is a life threatening incidents.
- The Broad Blue Line it's like preventive medicine. The focus of the treatment and response is the individual, rather than the event.
"Brown model" and "Blue model" TWO MODELS OF POLICING