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Latin Project: Roman Gods & Myths

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stephanie j

on 19 December 2012

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Transcript of Latin Project: Roman Gods & Myths

By: Stephanie Jansson Roman Gods and Myths Vesta (Hestia) Mars (Ares) Juno (Hera) Ceres (Demeter) Jupiter (Zeus) Neptune (Poseidon) Pluto (Hades) Symbol: Hearth

Realm: Goddess of Home and the Hearth Symbol: Spear

Realm: God of War Symbol: Peacock

Realm: Goddess of Marriage and Family Symbol- Lighting Bolt

Realm: God of the Sky Symbol: Wheat

Realm: Goddess of Agriculture
& the Harvest Symbol: Trident

Realm: God of the Sea Symbol: Three-Headed Dog

Realm: God of the Underworld Venus (Aphrodite) Symbol: Dove

Realm: Goddess of Lust and Beauty Minerva (Athena) Symbol: Owl

Relam: Goddess of Wisdom and War Vulcan (Hephaestus) Symbol: Anvil

Realm: God of the Forge and Blacksmithing Diana (Artemis) Symbol: Moon

Realm: Goddess of the Hunt Apollo (Apollo) Symbol: Lyre

Realm: God of the Sun and Music Mercury (Hermes) Symbol: Winged Shoes

Realm: God of Trade and Travelers Cupid (Eros) Symbol: Bow & Arrow

Realm: God of Love Janus Symbol: Door

Realm: God of Doorways and Beginnings Proserpina (Persephone) Symbol: Pomegranate

Realm: Goddess/ Queen of the Underworld Cupid and Psyche Once upon a time there was a mortal girl, Psyche, who was the most beautiful girl ever. Everybody on earth admired her beauty so much that they began to ignore Venus, the goddess of beauty. Venus, jealous and angry, recruited her son Cupid to do her dirty work. She instructed him to strike Psyche with his magical bow and arrow so that the poor girl would become fated to fall in love with a monster. Cupid set out to do this, but somehow he manged to hit himself with an arrow, and ended up falling in love with the beautiful Psyche. At the same time, something unfortunate occurred to Psyche and for some reason nobody would fall in love with her or desire to marry her. She became the only one of her parents' three daughters not to end up marrying royalty and living happily ever after.
Her parents became concerned, so they went to see an oracle. The oracle told the parents that Psyche was destined to marry a monster and told them to put her on top of a mountain so she would face her destiny.
So, one day they took Psyche to the mountain and left her there, expecting her life to end hopelessly, or become miserable, in the very least. Instead, she was taken to a great godly palace where she could live in paradise, with a husband who loved her as much as she loved him. There was only one issue: She was told to never look upon her husband, so she could never see who or what he was. Psyche was quite lonely in the daytime, so one day her husband reluctantly let her two sisters visit her at her new home.
When the sisters saw how Psyche had come to live, they were overcome with jealousy. So, because they were evil meanies, they told her that her husband was probably some icky monster that was going to eat her. While Psyche tried not to believe their morbid ideas, she began to get curious and wondered if her husband really was a monster. Later, that same night, she snuck into his room and took a peek, only to realize that he wasn't a monster after all. Instead, he was the god Cupid.
The next event is most unfortunate to both Psyche and Cupid. Because Psyche wasn't careful, she accidentally woke him up. When Cupid realized what she had done, he jumped up and disappeared.
Psyche searched for Cupid, but in vain. As a last resort, she stepped up to Venus to inquire of his whereabouts. Venus, of course, hated Psyche, but told the girl she could see him if she first completed some tasks for her. The tasks were either dangerous or seemingly impossible, but luckily, Psyche received help from various others and managed to finish several of the tasks.
Eventually, though, Psyche meets her match, which happens to be her own curiosity. She was told to go to Persephone and bring back some beauty in a box to Venus. With more help, she was able to obtain the box's contents and get back to safety. She was about to reach Venus but then she decided to peek in the box, despite the fact that she was instructed not to. She opened the box and immediately fell into a trance of sleep.
Cupid sees what happens and goes to save Psyche. He placed the contents back into the box and has Psyche return it to Venus. Meanwhile, he gets help from the god Jupiter to assist him with his plan. Jupiter makes Psyche immortal. That way, Cupid and Psyche could be together forever and Venus would regain her worshipers on the earth and therefore be content. The end. Minerva and Archne This story tells of how the spider who spins the web came to be. Once upon a time, there was a young woman named Arachne, who had an incredible amount of talent in the weaving department. Her tapestries were so perfect that they rivaled no other, except for the weaving of the goddess Minerva. Now, Arachne was very boastful of her talent, saying that she was more skillful than Minerva, and this made the goddess very angry. So, one day Minerva disguised herself as an old lady and paid Arachne a visit. The goddess informed her about her mistakes, and advised that Arachne apologized to Minerva and acknowledged that she was not a better weaver than the goddess. Arachne, however, was too proud to ever do such a thing. Instead, she told the old lady that she would like to compete against the goddess, so that she could prove that she was more skillful.
At this, Minerva became even more angry, and pulled away her disguise to reveal herself to Arachne. She grudgingly accepted Arachne's challenge, and both began to weave. Extreme talent and perfection was evident in both projects, though the weavers depicted different things among their work. Minerva's tapestry showed the event in which she won a contest against Neptune. Arachne's tapestry, however, revealed many unpleasant things about the gods and was very offensive. Insulted, Minerva decided to put Arachne in her place. So, she turned her into a large, unattractive spider, and left Arachne to be cursed like that forever. The end. Ceres and Proserpina Proserpina, daughter of Ceres, the goddess of the harvest, lived with her mother among fields of crops and meadows of flowers. One day, though, she unintentionally caught the eye of Pluto, the god of the underworld. He fell in love with Proserpina the instant he saw her, and then there was no way for her to stop the trouble. One day, he abducted her and took her to the underworld. Now Proserpine was stuck. She knew she'd never be able to get out herself and was left with nothing to do. Eventually, though, Proserpina made a mistake. Hunger was starting to claw at her, so she ate six seeds from a pomegranate.
Meanwhile, above ground, Proserpina's mother was very sad because her daughter was missing. All the crops, flowers, and plants on earth were beginning to die because of Ceres' misery. This was very unfortunate because no one could get much food if all the plants were dead. Finally, the gods had had enough and attempted a bargain to get Proserpina back. Unfortunately, because she had consumed the pomegranate seeds, she wouldn't be able to leave the underworld forever. So, it was finally compromised that Proserpina and Pluto be married and she could spend six months in the underworld and then return to Ceres for the other six months of the year.
So every year when Proserpine goes into the underworld, Ceres is very sad and all the plants die so it is winter. When her daughter returns, however, the flowers and plants begin to grow again and it is springtime. According to the myth, that is why there is seasons. The end. Daedalus and Icarus Apollo and Daphne Baucis and Philemon Citations Daedalus was an extremely skilled architect and inventor. He is the guy who created the underground Labyrinth, an enormous series of connecting tunnels and halls that were extremely dangerous and impossible to traverse. Previously, Daedalus had killed his nephew because he thought the nephew's inventing skills might outshine his. This had been an unjustifiable act on Daedalus' part, so he was punished to Crete and sent to work for King Minos, who had instructed Daedalus to build the Labyrinth to imprison a Minotaur in. Unfortunately, the fearsome Minotaur ate people, so King Minos had to keep feeding him human sacrifices. This was not a good thing.
So, one day, a hero named Theseus decided to venture into the Labyrinth to kill the unwanted Minotaur. When he was in Crete, however, King Minos' daughter, Ariadne fell in love with him. She didn't want the Minotaur to kill him, though, so she went and got him some info from Daedalus to aid Theseus in his quest. Because of this, Theseus succeeded in killing the Minotaur and exiting the treacherous Labyrinth.
Sooner or later, though, King Minos found out about Daedalus helping Theseus and got very angry. As punishment, the King imprisoned both Daedalus and his son, Icarus, in the Labyrinth. However, Daedalus was a clever guy, and soon he came up with an idea for he and his son to escape. He made a new invention, two pairs of wings consisting of feathers and wax. One was for him and the other for Icarus. Now they could escape the Labyrinth by way of flight.
Before the escape attempt, Daedalus warned his son not to fly too low or too high, because flying too close to the ocean would damage his wings, and flying too close to the sun would melt the wax holding the invention together.
After that, father and son made their escape. Daedalus managed to reach safety, but his son did not fare so well. Icarus had ignored Daedalus and ultimately met his end by flying too close to the sun. Icarus' wings had fallen apart when the wax had melted, and he had unceremoniously descended into the ocean to his death. The end. http://www.classicsunveiled.com/mythnet/html/cupid.html



http://www.goddessaday.com/roman/proserpina One day Apollo was feeling very full of himself, and he came upon Cupid who had been with his bow and arrows. Apollo snobbily insulted Cupid about it, and Cupid got angry. So, he later got his revenge.
Cupid climbed atop the mountain Parnassus and pierced Apollo’s heart with a special arrow that would compel him to fall in love with a nymph called Daphne. He also launched a separate arrow into the heart of Daphne, so that she could never fall in love with anyone, ever, especially Apollo.
So here is the scene: Apollo is in love with Daphne and is constantly pursuing her, while poor Daphne is trying to escape from him, because she doesn’t love him. Finally, she gets help from her father Peneus, a river god. He turns her into a rather lovely plant, called a laurel. Then, Apollo could at last find a new hobby, though he still fancied the laurel plant. The end. Pyramis and Thisbe Once upon a time, Zeus decided to visit the land of Phrygia, and descended upon it with his companion, Hermes. Dressed up as poor travelers, they went down to check upon the people of Phrygia to see how hospitable they were. So, at every door they passed in the land, they would go up and knock to see how the people treated them, as they maintained their ratty disguises.
Evidently, the people of Phrygia did not like shabby strangers, and the two gods were turned down at every home they visited. The inhabitants were seemingly repulsed, and had a habit of rudely slamming the door in the faces of Zeus and Hermes.
Everywhere they went, they got the same response. At this point, Zeus and Hermes were very angry at the people, since they were neither polite or helpful, nor did they show any respect to the travelers.
At last, the two gods decided to stop at one last house, this one the most humble-looking out of all they had seen so far. By its appearance they could tell that its occupants were quite poor, as it was made out of only the most basic materials. The gods were rather surprised when the residents cheerfully allowed them to enter into the small yet well-kept home.
It was owned by a kind old couple who tried their best to be hospitable to the weary travelers. They fixed the gods a good meal with what little they had and did what they could to make Zeus and Hermes feel comfortable. After some talk the gods learned that these kind people were Philemon and his wife Baucis. They also found that the old couple didn't mind that they were poor, because they were happy as long as they had each other.
Later, the gods revealed their true identities to Baucis and Philemon, and told them that they were going to punish the people of Phrygia for being rude to the poor strangers. However, Baucis, Philemon, and their home would remain unscathed because they showed the best hospitality.
Zeus drowned the entire land of Phrygia, except for the old couple's residence. Instead, he turned it into a great, beautiful temple for Baucis and Philemon to live in. He promised them that they could have anything they wanted for the rest of their lives. The couple was very gracious and offered to serve as priests for Zeus for as long as they lived. Their only request was that when they died, they would die together.
So their wish was granted. They faithfully served Zeus and turned into a strange tree when they died, together. The end. Pyramis and Thisbe were forbidden lovers. Unfortunately for them, their families were rivals and the two lovers were not allowed to see each other. So, naturally, they kept their relationship a secret, resorting to having conversations through a piddly hole in the wall.
One day, Pyramis and Thisbe decide to meet up in a separate location so that they could elope. Thisbe is first to arrive at the designated meeting place, but gets distracted by a roaming lion with blood oozing from its hungry jaws. She jumps away to hide in a nearby cave, accidentally leaving her cloak on the ground behind her.
A few minutes later, Pyramis reaches their meeting area and is surprised to see not Thisbe, but a satisfied-looking lion with a torn and bloody cloak in its jaws... Thisbe's cloak! Pyramis is not thinking straight and jumps to conclusions. He mistakenly believes that Thisbe has been eaten by the lion. The poor guy could not even think of living without his beloved, so he stabs himself with his own sword, hoping to join Thisbe in the next life. Too bad for him, though, because Thisbe was actually alive. When she finally decided it was safe to leave the cave, she returned to the meeting area to find a dying Pyramis. With nothing left to do, she also kills herself, with Pramis' sword. They died together. The end.
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