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The Byzantine Wmpire

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Hamza Taj

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of The Byzantine Wmpire

Eighty percent of the Byzantine Empire was rural, which meant that a large portion of the land that belonged to the empire was farmland. Because of this, many of the people living in the empire had the job of a farmers or something associated with farming. Fortunately, there were other jobs like blacksmiths, clothiers, merchants and plethoras. A plethora is basically an assistant or an advisor. The Byzantine Empire had a monarchy. It was ruled by kings and the church. The church only allowed Christians in the empire and unfortunately, since the church had partial control over the empire, the people had to listen to them. The Jews were firm in staying in the empire, so the Church was unsuccessful in throwing them out by force. Instead, they treated the Jews very badly. The empire used two types of coins as their currency: the gold solidus (a gold coin) and valuable bronze coins. During the last quarter of time in their reign over the land, the Byzantines hardly used gold and valuable bronze coins because the peopels's supply of the two metals was VERY low. Instead, they switched to silver stavrata (a silver coin) and copper of lesser value. The Byzantine Empire (a.k.a. Byzantium) was, in the beginning, only the eastern portion of the previous empire (Rome) because the western portion was still considered a portion of Italy. The Byzantine Empire took the eastern part of Rome in 353 A.D. and the western in 476 A.D. By simply entering Rome with many forces (mostly barbarians), they were able to completely obliterate the Romans. Those who survived were so scared that they either fled the new empire or simply adjusted to the new empire's rules out of fear. Because of its strength and power, they were known throughout the land as "A New and More Powerful Rome." This was saying a lot because Rome was the most powerful empire in the land at that time. The Byzantine Empire
4Th Century A.D.
550 A.D.-1453 A.D. Government Skilled Craftsmen Technology Cities Written Language Jobs How it Rose How It Fell The Byzantine Empire fell on the 29th of May, 1453 to the Ottoman Turks. It's last emperor was Romulus Agustulus. Romulus was born around 460 and maybe died around 476, but some say that he was alive during 500. He killed his brother Remus in a quarrel of where to build a new city. The Byzantine Empire
a.k.a. Byzantium
476 A.D.-1453 A.D. GUYS "how it Rose is done! Bibliography "Byzantine Empire." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Empire>. "Byzantine Empire, Part One." Byzantine Empire, Part One. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://history-world.org/Byzatines.htm>. Now,Time For Some Pictures!!! The Ottoman Turk's flag. They designed it after they conquered The Byzantine Empire. This is the Byzantine Empire's flag. They made it after they conquered Rome. Two gold solidus, the gold coins used during the Byzantine Empire. A picture of Justanius the second (II) is displayed on the front. The VALUABLE bronze coins of the Empire. The silver stavrata, the silver coin used after the gold and valuable bronze was used up. "Byzantine Coinage." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Oct. 2012. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_coinage>. The Byzantine Empire had many inventors who came up with ingenious ideas. Most of the inventions of the Byzantine Empire were used in warfare, as the Empire had already become fearsome in the eyes of people around them for defeating Rome, and they wanted to keep that title. Believe it or not, the Byzantines actually invented hand grenades and flamethrowers! They got the idea of flamethrowers when they realized that they could blow flames with mere breath. Soon afterward the invention of the flame thrower, they found that putting flammable liquids in ceramic jars and then throwing to increase pressure would surprise their enemies. "List of Byzantine Inventions." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Sept. 2012. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Byzantine_inventions>. They also made the counterweight-trebuchet, which was an early version of the catapult. It was used to throw giant boulders into enemy bases. People's minds went further, marveling at the design of this weapon, and so they made their own smaller version, the hand-trebuchet. Both were operated by levers, and while the counterweight-trebuchet was meant to heft large boulders, the hand held version was for large gravel pieces, which were also quite effective. These four weapons, the flamethrower, the grenade, the counterweight and the hand trebuchet proved extremely useful in battle, as the empire won many battles with them. Technology 2 The Byzantine Empire had a variety of cities. Its capital city was called Constantinople, now known as a part of Turkey called Istanbul. Most of Constantinople was farmland. It also had other cities known as Adrianople, Caearea, Nicaea, Varna, Semyrna, Heraclea, Trebiznd, Chalcedon, and Sardica. what are you doing? The main language used in the Byzantine Empire was Latin. Latin was used by all until the 7th century, when Heraclius introduced the Greek language to them. Almost everyone turned to Greek because it was much easier to speak, write, understand, and had much less characters/letters in it. Latin rapidly fell in terms of importance; since so many people were teaching Greek to their children, Latin slowly faded away into nothingness. Their were lots of skilled craftsmen in the Byzantine Empire. Including Kievan Rus who had a degree in jewelery making. Authentic Byzantine jewelry is typically made from heavy gold with a healthy smattering of gemstones. "Â ." Byzantine Regions and Cities. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.neobyzantine.org/byzantium/regions/index.php>. Info compiled by Ahmet Turk, Abdou Atoui, and Hamza Taj
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