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Copy of Copy of Urban

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omar othman

on 14 April 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Urban

Urban Design - 1

Jabal Al-Weibdeh
By :
Omar Othman
Alia Khatib
Luma Sukarieh
Jabal Al-Weibdeh
Al - Abdali
Jabal Al-Webdeh
Satellite View
The physical evolution of early modern Amman, which came into being during the 1870s, when a group of Circassians from the Caucasus settled in Amman after it had been deserted for a few centuries.

Modern Amman had expanded to reach what is now known as Jabal Al-Weibdeh by the 1920s, if not earlier. Urban growth initially climbed the slope of Jabal Al-Weibdeh that borders the downtown area.

It emerged as an affluent part of Amman with elegant houses and apartment buildings, and it also housed many of Amman’s Embassies.

In the past times, Al-Weibdeh took several popular names that represented the stages of its growth. Thus, in 1950s, it was called "the nationalists' mountain" because it was the meeting point of political activists; among them are revered Jordanian figures like Samir Al-Rifai, Munif Al-Razzaz, Amin Shuqir and Suleiman Al- Nabulsi. Moreover, in 1960s the foreign embassies moved to the place giving it a new name: the Americans' quarter.

At first the locals disagreed upon the reason behind the name Al-Weibdeh. Some say it was named after a plant called Luweibdeh, which was very common in that area. While others say it was named after the Hyenas that used to stay there, in reference to the Arabic word {Talbed}. But the most reasonable explanation is; a mountain located in between two or more mountains, back to the Arabic word {Labed} which means located or placed.
One of the most memorable names is Jasmine Mountain, since almost all of the houses there have Jasmine planted in their gardens.

Urban planning of Amman

At the beginning the random urban growth of Amman followed the theory of expansion around one core, which was the Husseini Mosque and the commercial area.

However, this growth was not radial around one center, it was done by adding different sectors with different areas and directions. Which in its turn influenced the architectural character of the city.

The expansion witnessed in Amman in the last stage was in two directions:
first one was the one connecting the downtown area to Wadi Al-seer,
second one connecting the downtown area to the Salt through Sweileh.

And along those two routes spread Amman’s roundabouts.

Historical Background
Historical Background
Cultural Background
Interestingly enough, Jabal Al-Weibdeh has emerged as the area in which a number of Amman's important art centers are located. Darat al-Funun (House of Arts) / The Khalid Shoman Foundation was established during the early 1990's in its older parts, and is only at a walking distance from the downtown area. The Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts was established about a quarter of a century ago in the newer western parts of Jabal Al-Weibdeh.

These two important cultural institutions incorporate the adaptive reuse of preexisting structures. Smaller galleries and art centers also recently have been established in Jabal Al-Weibdeh, and a number of artists have set up their studios there.

Jabal Al-Weibdeh has a number of very pleasant urban nodes: spaces where people can meet and interact. Darat al-Funun, which incorporates the renovation of three of modern Amman's earlier houses into an integrated complex, takes up a full city block, and provides a very positive example of both architectural and urban intervention in the city. It is a place where people can meet over a cup of coffee, view art, attend lectures and concerts, or read at the library.

The Amman Municipality and the French Embassy cooperated on updating another important node of Jabal Al-Weibdeh, Duwwar al-Hawuz (the Water Tower Square, named after the water tower that previously used to be located there). The square has been rehabilitated as a landscaped urban square, and has been renamed Square de Paris. It is a popular location that is packed with people on summer evenings and nights.

Cultural Background

During the 1970s, the embassies began to move out of Jabal Al-Weibdeh to the newer districts of Amman, and only a couple of them now remain there. . Although the socio-economic mix of Jabal Al-Weibdeh has changed, it nonetheless has a healthy mix of inhabitants from different backgrounds.

Nowadays Al-Weibdeh’s old suburbs and streets embrace many of the most important cultural, creative and artistic centers like the Jordanian Museum of Fine Arts, Makan, Dar Al-Anda, the Jordanian Writers Association, the Association of Jordanian Fine Artists, the Syndicate of Artists, the Youth Pioneers Association, Abu Mahjoob Co. for Creative Production, the French Cultural Center, Paris Library and several artistic studios and ateliers.

Furthermore, there are different theatres and movie houses like Osama AlMeshini Theatre and the Movie House and Theatre of Ammon. For this very characteristic cultural property of the place, we find more than 20 streets named after Arab and Jordanian great writers and poets.

As for Architect Ali Maher, ‘Jabal Al-Weibdeh reflects the finest image of coexistence between different groups of the community, acting as a beautiful shelter for one large loving family.’

Site Analysis
Surrounding Neighborhood
Photos Of The Site
Panoramic View ( Paris roundabout )
Views Around The Site
Views Around The Site
Views Of The Site
‘Urban design is the work of shaping the 3 dimensional spaces of human settlements with the intention to improve not just the beauty of a place, but allow better interaction between people and between people and their environment.’

Good urban design contributes to the overall quality of life in a city. Thus, it is not only a physical design process, but a combination of the political, economic, cultural and physical factors that all contribute in the making of a certain place.

Amman, is the capital and most populous city of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial center and one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. Thus the site Jabal Al-Weibdeh, which is located in the southern west side of the capital, was chosen since it represents the typical historic neighbourhoods of Amman, which is highly known for its great historic and cultural value.

- Our main goal is to serve the residents of Jabal Al-Weibdeh, shop and restaurant owners.
- Solve the traffic problem
- Solve the parking problem by providing extra parking spaces.
- Preserving the multi-cultural and historical value of the neighbourhood.
- Increasing the pedestrianized spaces.
- Transforming the site into a green sustainable neighbourhood.

Jordan – historical brief –

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy. His Majesty King Abdullah the second, ascended the throne.

The Hashemite kingdom is bordered on the west by Palestine and the Dead Sea, on the north by Syria, on the east by Iraq, and on the south by Saudi Arabia. Arid hills and mountains make up most of the country. The southern section of the Jordan River flows through the country.

Jordan is a country covering an area of 35,637 square miles.
According to the 2010 census, the country has an approximate population of 6,407,085.

The City of Amman

Amman, is the capital and most populous city of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial center and one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. The municipality's estimated population is 4 million.

Amman’s "modern" history began in the late 19th century, when the Ottomans resettled a colony of Circassian emigrants there in 1878.

Amman is built on seven hills, or jabals, each of which more or less defines a neighborhood. First Circle is located near downtown, and the series extends westward through Eighth Circle.

The seven hills of Amman are an enchanting mixture of ancient and modern. Honking horns give way to the beautiful call to prayer which echoes from the stately minarets which grace the city. Gleaming white houses, kabab stalls and cafés are interspersed with bustling markets—known in Arabic as souqs—and the remains of civilizations and ages long past.

- Data collection:
- Site visits {observation}
- Books
- Online resources
- Interviews with government and local specialized agencies
{Greater Amman Municipality, locals}
- Questionnaire
- Case studies, Standard regulations

- Data Analysis, limitation and opportunities
- Development proposal
- Approach and vision
-Schematic concept

Jabal Al-Weibdeh
In the newer part of Jabal Al-Weibdeh, the National Gallery of Fine Arts faces one of Amman's older and pleasanter parks. The park currently is being upgraded as a model water-conserving park through the participation of a number of organizations, and its surroundings also are being transformed since the National Gallery has acquired another building across the other side of the park to serve as a gallery extension. In addition, a preexisting building in the park is being rehabilitated as a café. This combination of museum, Public Park, and café will greatly enhance another important urban node in Jabal Al-Weibdeh.

Clearly, Jabal Al-Weibdeh is a "happening" place, and is evolving as Amman's "cultural district." However, this does not mean that it is safe from the destructive forces of overwhelming growth and expansion that have affected and are affecting other parts of the city.

Sports City

Questionnaire Results
Questionnaire Results
Questionnaire Results
Case Studies
Oxford street London
Case Studies
Istiklal Street Istanbul
Stroget street Copenhagen
Case Studies
World's longest pedestrian street
Stroget street Copenhagen
Case Studies
When the volume of traffic increased in the beginning of the 60s - in the inner part of the old narrow streets - and the expanding shopping areas around central Copenhagen - as well as the sidewalks streets became more and more crowded with busy pedestrians - who was bumping into each other and blocking the way on the narrow pavements -

Copenhagen’s City Council decided in 1962 - to establish a car free pedestrian zone from the westerly Town Hall Square to Kongens Nytorv (The Kings New Square) in the eastern part of the town called “Strøget” - which also includes a maze of small streets and historical squares - that altogether are fanning out from “Strøget” - and the mediaeval part of Copenhagen -

having a total length of almost 3,2 km - and being the oldest and longest pedestrian street system in the world.
Copenhagen City Council decided at a council meeting on October - 1962 - that “Frederiksberggade” - which begging’s at the Town Hall Square - and to “Kongens Nytorv” (The King’s Square) - should be tested in a period - as a new "Pedestrian Street" - from the 17 November - 1962. And after a successful 2-year trial period - with much cleaner air - and no traffic - plus many happy pedestrians - the city council decided to transform the tested zone into a permanent “Pedestrian Street” in February - 1964. The new “Pedestrian Street” was the first - and since been the longest in the world - called “Strøget”.

The Auto-free zone
The auto-free zone in Copenhagen is a great tourist attraction - and offers plentiful of restaurants - outdoor sidewalk cafes - fast food - specialty shops - art galleries - gift stores - department stores - street entertainment - theatres - museums and much more. Day and night there's always something to see and do on "Strøget".
SWOT Analysis
SWOT Analysis
Standards & ideas
Standards & ideas
Basics landscape architecture 01 urban design - Ed Wall and Tim Waterman - page 6
Traversing Jabal Al Weibdeh - Elias Farkouh, Samiha Khreis and the late Mo'nes Al-Razzaz
Al-Ghad newspaper, Jabal Al-Weibdeh - memory of a place
Thank You For Listening
Omar Tariq Othman Alia Khaled Khatib Luma Mazen Sukarieh
• Preserving the site’s historical, cultural and heritage identity.
• Locals prefer getting around on foot, and are annoyed by the increase of traffic.
• We aim to increase the pedestrian used areas of the neighborhood, whether through expanding the sidewalks or through turning some streets for pedestrians use only.
• At the beginning closing streets for pedestrians use can be done between certain hours and not fully closed.
• A trial period to see the impact of closing the street on people whether negative or positive, in order to see how we should proceed.
• Also by expanding the sidewalks we offer the cafés and restaurants an opportunity to put some tables outside.
• Adding some trees and plants on the sidewalks.
• Adding benches on sidewalks.
• Improving street lighting by adding new and as many fixtures as needed.
• Banning parking on road sideways {either sides or one side}. And providing other parking solutions.
• Using one of the empty lots for parking.
• Lack of urban spaces. Locals have very few public spaces.
• Very few green areas, no parks.
• Redesigning and increasing seating areas in Paris square.
• Increasing seating areas for public use.
• Closing one of the streets and turning it to a plaza, urban space for locals use.
• Building a park for children and locals.

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