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History of Sub-Saharan Africa

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zachery salazar

on 11 May 2015

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Transcript of History of Sub-Saharan Africa

600-1450 CE
1450-1750 CE
1914-Present
800-600 CE
1750-1914 CE
Sub-Saharan Africa
1/2 of 800-600 CE
Politics:pharaoh/queen,internal disorder,invasions(900 BCE),irrigation
Economy:Trade with Kush & Mesopotamia,agricultural villages engaged in trade.
Social class/Gender:Patriarchal, but women manage household,own property, regents of rulers, priestesses,scribes,can divorce,high priest class

1/2 of 600-1450 CE
Politics: Kingship legitimized by Islam, 'people of the book', Bantu(stateless societies)
Economy:Trade,with Islam as unifying factor, trans-Saharan trade routes; Ghana (gold), Mali; gold, salt, honey, slaves, ivory, imports, trade with Byzantine Empire,agriculture
Social Class/Gender:Merchants valued;patriarchal society,rich women more restricted;Islamic law, 'People of the book',religious tolerance,class centered around age group

2/2 of 600-1450 CE
Science/Inventions:Hellenistic thought,science/math
Art/Architecture:Linguistic,agricultural,artistic version of Christianity; calligraphy,Mosques,minarets
Empire:Islamic urban center,Bantu migrations, trade centers, Trans-Saharan trade route
Religion:Islam, Christianity in Ethiopia and Egypt, animistic,syncretism
1/2 of 1450-1750 CE
Politics: Leaders cooperated with slave traders; Monarchy 1250-1350: Zimbabwe kingdom, 14th century: Kongo kingdom- makes alliance with Portugal then royal family converted to Christianity, 1464-1591: Songhay empire- was attacked by Moroccan army, along with internal political disputes went into decline, 1505: Portuguese attack Swahili cities, 1620s: est. of Dahomey kingdom,
Economy: Triangular Trade/Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade; guns traded for slaves; slave trade with Mediterranean world, gold; 1700s-peak of Atlantic slave trade
Social class/Gender: Demographic shifts; more males in the slave trade than females (females traded more in East Coast); depopulated; Matrilineal overall patriarchal, social structures based on kinship, age, gender; Would accumulate slaves to show wealth/status
2/2 of 1450-1750 CE
Science/Inventions: manioc, maize, sweet potatoes (from America); technology suffered due to slave trade
Art/Architecture: Islamic art/ architecture, paper making; arts suffered due to slave trade
Empire: Part of Triangular trade (w/Europe & America); beginnings of European exploration; Kongo, Benin, Mali, Songhay
Religion: Islam(although many Africans converted to Islam they did not accept all norms since they had their own gender norms in place), Christianity, Animism, Ancestor worship> Syncretism
1/2 of 1750-1914 CE
Politics: Re-colonization of Africa; Sierra Leone, Liberia; coastal kingdoms ruled by warlords/merchants; intertribal war; Revolutions;
White Man's Burden
Economy: End of Atlantic Slave Trade> Islamic states of West Africa still trade slaves; rely on slave trade more; economic slump; 1850s high point of East Africa slave trade
Social Class/Gender: Rapid population growth; women work hours per week increased from 46-70 to accommodate for men working away from home., women headed 60% of households in South Africa
Science/Inventions: Industrialization; guns, textiles, alcohol (importance of foreign imports); Enlightenment
2/2 of 1750-1914 CE
Art/Architecture: Christian/Islamic arts; Literary/Artistic forms of the west
Empire: Open to foreign takeover due to economic slump; colonized by Europe
Religion: Islam, Christianity, Animism, Ancestor worship> Syncretism
1/2 of 1914-Present

Politics: Decolonization of Africa;attempt at Representative government;involved in WW2 ;renewed independence efforts=civil war, government corruption;socialism
Economy:Globalized economies; mercantilism in former colonies;poverty stricken countries; international debt
Social class/Gender: Spanish flu;clear black majority making decolonization easier
Science/Inventions:slow technological development due to colonization,mercantilism,internal instability;miners;no money for industrial goods after WW1;oil
Art/Architecture:western artistic farms,religious art,native art (export)
Empire:decolonization=new sovereign nations
Religion:Islam,Christianity,animism,atheists

Science/Inventions:Hieroglyphics,bronze tools,papyrus,365 day calender,medicine,math,astronomy,iron
Art/Architecture:pyramids,temples,hieroglyphics
Empire:geography- protected,unique civilization,not as urban as Mesopotamia,Nile river
Religion:polytheism,afterlife(mummification),Book of the dead
2/2 of 800-600 CE
Science/Inventions:slow technological development due to colonization,mercantilism,internal instability;miners;no money for industrial goods after WW1;oil
Art/Architecture:western artistic farms,religious art,native art (export)
Empire:decolonization=new sovereign nations
Religion:Islam,Christianity,animism,atheists
2/2 of 1914-present
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