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Romantic Music

Overview of general time period and key composers of the time.

Suzanne chatham

on 12 May 2010

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Transcript of Romantic Music

Romantic Music General Characteristics Church and Aristocracy no longer only patrons
Artists were free-lance and supported themselves
Followed their own interests and personal expression
Romantics saw themselves as "outsiders", seperate from society, struggling to expess their creative ideas
Concert Hall was the main venue of performances
Local symphonies were created and supported by the local middle class
Virtuoso playing and singing of high importance and more popular than other styles
Piano factories were successful so more pianos in homes as a standard feature
Conservatories (music schools) established for muisc education other Famous people of the time The War of 1812 Article Goethe Byron Longfellow Victor Hugo Emily Bronte Charles Dickens Rodin Goya The Impressionists Post-Impressionists Women of the time 1. The ____________Revolution begins in 1789.
2. The rise of the new democratic ______class in Europe resulted in the decline of the old monarchies.
3. The War of 1812 broke out between the US and __________.
4. The time of new dreams and opportunities for expression created the Age of _________.
5. Composer Giochino __________ made a bold statement with his famous opera, William Tell, based on a play about a Swiss revolutionary.
6. Beethoven's music combined qualilties of both the ____________ and Romantic periods.
7. Composer Franz _________ wrote over 600 songs. 1865 Article Music Characteristics Composers Conservatories admitted women
Professional training as singers, instrumentalists, and composers
Still generally thought that women should be at home so professional female musicians faces social stigmas
Mostly, if women did composed, it was very light, insubstantial music for social situations
Often, strong patrons of the arts, some for specific composer Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel Clara Wieck Schumann Franz Schubert Hector Berlioz Felix Mendelssohn Frederic Chopin RObert Schumann Franz Liszt Richard Wagner Guiseppe Verdi Johannes Brahms Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky What did Richard Wagner create?
Who wrote the lyrics to the "Battle Hynm of the Republic"?
Who used Polish rhythms and folk tunes?
Who incorporated Native American materials into his music?
The composer of "The Nutcracker" is.....
Who wrote Program Music and Symphonic Poems? Larger works created
Nationalism in music- pride in home countries and the use of folk music
Strong, dramatic dymanic changes
New vocabulary to describe the "mood" of the piece or tempo (cantabile, maestoso, dolce, con amore)
Experiments with chromaticism in music
Tone Color given much more importance than other musical aspects Poetry and music....lots of songs
Choral music gains importance
Operas HUGE productions
Ochestras get bigger- 70>100 performers
Valves added to Brass instruments, keys added to Woodwinds
New instruments- piccolo, bass clarinet, English horn, tuba, saxophone
Percussion expands to modern, all the extras

Program Music Music that tells a story
Often based on a literary source
Symphonic Poem (tone poem) designed to evoke a mood, draw a picture, or express a literary idea
Program Symphony- several movements based on a literary theme
Incidental Music- played before on in between acts of a play, to evoke the mood (still played today in movies and TV shows) 1797-1828, Vienna Austria
age 11- admitted to the Vienna Imperial Court chapel choir
Periodically worked as a music tutor to the Esterhazy family but mostly lived poor
in 1825-wrote 140 songs, 8 in one day
Strong gift for melody, over 600 lieder (songs) with emotional expressiveness
Lots of instrumental music too....9 symphonies, lots of chamber music, piano sonatas 1809-1847, Hamburg, Germany
Studied piano and violin
A "gifted" student and a painter
by age 20, had already composed 100 pieces
traveled Europe, England and Scotland
Married and had 5 children
at age 38, sister Fanny died of a stroke...he became ill and died the same year of undetermined causes
Many compositions results of travels
Solos and Chamber music 1810-1849, Warsaw, Poland
studied piano and wrote first piece at age 7
age 8, public performance
age 21, settled in Paris as a performer (piano)
at 26, met Dudevant (the writer George Sand) with whom he lived for 11 years
died from tuberculosis
most comopsitions for piano solos 1811-1886, Hungary
age 9, started piano
age 11, family traveled to give concert in Vienna
age 12, moved to Paris to tour as a pianist
a Virtuoso
Had 3 daughters with D'Agout (writer Daniel Stern)
wrote complex and unusual harmonies
created the Symphonic Poem
mostly piano music

1813-1883, Leipzig, Germany
studied piano and violin as a child
became Chorus Director
1839, fled Paris to escape debts
lived in Switzerland for 12 years in political exile
1883, died of a heart attack in Venice
All for stage with full control of all aspects of shows
all about ideas/concepts not characters
very demanding roles
1840-1893, Russia
no known talent as a child, entered Conservatory at age 21
Hired to teach and begane to compose
Music Critic
age 37, married a music student to hide his homosexuality...eventually seperated
1891, traveled to US to conduct
1892, toured
1893, drank unboiled water during a Cholera epedimic and dies within the week
Nationalist- Ballets like "the Nutcracker" and "SLeeping Bearuty", Orchestral like "1812 Overture" and "Romeo and Juliet", Operas Keats 1805-1847, Hamburg, Germany
family did not support her being a composer or performer
composed 400 pieces- songs, cantatas, oratorios, and piano solos
dies at 41 from a stroke
most music not published except some with her brother's works
1819-1896, Leipzig, Germany
father a music teacher
by age 20, internationally known as a pianist
Married Robert Schumann, had 8 kids, focused on Robert's career
When husband died, she supported children by performing and teaching 1810-1856, Bonn, Germany
studied piano by age 10
composer and music critic, established a music journal
Bouts of depression and suffered from hallucinations. Tried to commit suicide then committed self to mental institution
Program Music, 300 lieder, piano, 4 symphonies 1803-1869, France
dad a doctor & went to medical school before dropping out to compose
by age 40, had composed most important pieces and spent last years as music critic
Very programmatic music like "Symphonie Fantastique" 1813-1901, northern Italy
age 21, music director, got married, began to compose
1840, wife and 2 babies died. remarried. Died at age 88
Operas about people in dramatic situations
"Rigeletto", "La Triviata", "Aida", "Otello" 1833-1897, Hamburg, Germany
age 10, first concert
composed and published own music
"Classicist" of the Romantic period- used traditional styles in new ways
4 symphonies, chamber music, 200+ lieder, arrangements of folk tunes, piano, and choral music
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