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Powerful flower: Rose of Bohemia

History of Cartography, TU Dresden

Mariana Danielova

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Powerful flower: Rose of Bohemia

Powerful flower: Rose of Bohemia
Mariana Danielová

History of Cartography
4. 12. 2013

background information

map description

Map description
Thank you for your attention
Do you have any questions?
Mariana Danielová
Image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Znak_%C4%8Desk%C3%A9ho_kr%C3%A1lovstv%C3%AD.png
Background information
Images: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morava
15 - 17 century
Image: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0c/Austria-Hungaria_transparency.png/800px-Austria-Hungaria_transparency.png
parts of the Czech Republic

history of 15 - 17 century

flourishing time of Bohemia
Flourishing times of Bohemia
Iustitia et Pietate ~ Justice and Piety
She has been now drawn in this form for the first time.
Montes Gigant ~ Giant Mountains: Sněžka 1,602 m
Bohemiae Rosa
Silesian cartographer Christoph Vetter (1575 - 1650)
copper-engraved by Wolfgang Kilian (1668)
"Bohuslav Balbin’s Epitome historica rerum bohemicarum"
Czech Republic
Image: http://books.google.cz/books?id=bBxJAAAAcAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=true
national history and geography of Bohemia from antiquity to the present day

Epitome historica rerum bohemicarum
Summary of the history of Bohemia
Bohuslav Balbín
Prag ~ Prague
official coat of arms
septen ~north
German geographic mile
German geographic mile
1⁄15 equatorial degrees
equal to 7 420,54 m
defined in various ways at different places and times
19th century generally fixed at 7 500 m
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_obsolete_units_of_measurement
17th –18th century in Saxony, Prussia, Bohemia? ~ 9,062 m
90 km
45 km
Palatinatus bavariae pars ~ Bavarian palatinate
Moraviae pars ~ Moravia
Silesiae pars ~ Silesia
Austriae pars ~ Austria
Pragensis ~ Prague
Districtus ~ Districs
26 cm x 38,5 cm

vision of better future without wars as a part of Habsburg monarchy
15 the religious and social reformer
Jan Hus
formed a movement
he was burnt in Constance in 1415
his followers seceded from the Catholic Church
lead by Jan Žižka
1419–1436, Hussite Wars
the formation of the Unity of Brethren
90% inhabitants became adherents of the Hussite movement during next two centuries
1526 Ferdinand I. became a Czech king
restricting the rights
of Czech inhabitants
1618 Prague defenestration
1618 - 1648
Thirty Years' War
after 1648 Czech countries definitely part of the Habsburg monarchy
Image: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5b/Prager_Fenstersturz_Wahrhafftige_Zeitung_aus_Prag.JPG
new beginning for a damaged country by many years of fighting
Image: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Kaiser-Leopold1.jpg

Holy Roman Emperor
King of Germany
King of Hungary
King of Bohemia
King of Croatia
Archduke of Austria
Leopold I. (1657 – 1705)
it is clear when the map was created
in the time when Czech people believed that Habsburg monarchy will provide us safety and prosperity
love to the Bohemia
depiction of the Czech countries devastated by many wars
There grew a graceful Rose in the Bohemian woods, and an armored lion standing guard next to her.
That Rose had grown out of the blood of Mars, not of Venus.
Do not fear, lovely Rose! There comes the Austrian.
The Rose of Bohemia, bloody for all the centuries, where more than 80 battles were waged.
1 : 1 500 000
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