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The Unification of China

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vince hayes

on 15 September 2017

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Transcript of The Unification of China

The creation of the modern chinese state
by the first soveriegn Emperor
The Unification
of China

State of Qin
Western State in China during its Warring Period
Rises to Power during the Fourth and Third century B.C.E.
Ruthless and short rule that establishes many of the precedents that define China
Period of Warring States
Influenced by Legalist Scholars
Systematic CENTRALIZED, bureaucratic rule
Powerful Armed forces, Iron Weapons
Methodical growth to dominate and rule China
By 221 B.C.E. the king of Qin proclaims himself the First Emperor of China (Huang-Di)
Period of Warring States
Qin Shih Huang-Di ruled only from 221-210 B.C.E., and his dynasty ended in 207 B.C.E.
Still it is one of the most important and influential of all Dynasties

Tradition of centralized imperial rule that would last for the next 2000 years
Period of Warring States
Stripped power from the nobility (Zhou dynasties mistake was to give them too much power)

“Weakening the branches to strengthen the trunk”

Capital of Xian

Meritocracy for implementation of government policy

Legalism, strict governmental regulations, Censorship, Standardization, Corvee Projects
Qin Shih Huang-di
He built the Great Wall, or moreover he made it great

Hated by Confucians and Daoists

Burned all books save medicine, fortune-telling, and agriculture because they were useful

Buried hundreds of scholars alive who criticized him
Qin Shih Huang-di
Standardized Laws, currencies, weights, and measures

-Uniform coinage
-Road construction
axle widths
-Chinese script
What is so unique about this pyramid?
Compare the Taoist concept of 'Wuwei' with its Confucian counterparts of Ren, Li and Xiao
Can you create a
statement that supports
this social pyramid using
Chinese facts. . . ?
Attempt to control universe results in chaos
Restore order by disengagement
No advanced education
No ambition
Simple living in harmony with nature
Cultivate self-knowledge
Doctrine of Wuwei
Confucianism as public doctrine
Daoism as private pursuit
Ironic combination allowed intellectuals to pursue both
Political Implications of Daoism
Built by 700,000 workers, Corvee Project
Slaves, concubines, and craftsmen sacrificed and buried
Excavated in 1974, 15,000 terra cotta soldiers unearthed
Massive Tomb Projects
Tomb of the First Emperor

Gender? Remember that China quickly becomes very Patriachal
Classic of Filial Piety
-Han focus on respect for elders and patriarchal structure

Admonitions for Women
-Women were expected to be humble, obedient, and subservient
Analyze Chinese attitudes toward Merchants and Trade
A Case for examination: In terms of your project, what fits better? the Qin as the first empire or the Qin as a fragment of the Warring States period? Which one fits better?
Full transcript