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Transcript of Jeffersonian Era
Capitol Building 1800
The Lewis and Clark Expedition
The VP Aaron Burr
John Marshall's Court 1801-1835
The Embargo Act
No foreign trade at all
Economic slump begins
Liability for Rep. party
The Barbary War - 1801
James Madison's Presidency
The War of 1812
Only 2 term president to never veto a bill
Horrible at public speaking
Fought a bitter campaign against Adams
Federalists spread vicious rumors
Wrote his own "Jefferson Bible"
Played the violin
Advocated for the "Separation of Church and State"
Jefferson publicly opposed slavery, but was a slave owner..."abominable crime"
Pet Mockingbird named Dick who rode on his shoulder
Took a cold bath every morning for 60 yrs
As president, ate a tomato to prove it wasn't poisonous
The Connecticut Courant wrote that if he was elected, “There is scarcely a possibility that we shall escape a Civil War. Murder, robbery, rape, adultery, and incest will be openly taught and practiced.”
Timothy Dwight, the president of Yale College, stated that if Jefferson was elected, it would result in, “our wives and daughters the victims of legal prostitution; soberly dishonored; speciously polluted.”
New England families hid their Bibles at the bottom of their wells because they believed that he would have them confiscated.
In a letter to the Danbury Baptist Association in 1802, he wrote:
Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man & his god, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, that the legitimate powers of government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, thus building a wall of separation between church and state
Split from DemRep. party
Rivalry leads to a duel between Burr and Hamilton
Hamilton killed, Burr in exile
Plotted to form his own empire in the LA territory
1800 - France regains LA from Spain
Napoleon strapped for war $
Mission sent to buy N.O. and W. FL for $10 mill
Bought the whole territory for $15 mill
Purchasing land not mentioned in Constitution…
He lost his colony of Haiti to a slave rebellion led by Toussaint L’Ouverture
April 30, 1803
Robert Livingston & James Monroe signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris
The United States paid $15 million for the land, roughly 4 cents per acre
The purchase added 828,000 square miles of land to the United States
Doubles the size of the US!
Zebulon Pike explores the Southwest portion of the purchase
Accidentally crosses into New Spain and is arrested
Looses all his gear, but is able to save maps and charts in the barrel of his gun
January 18, 1803
Jefferson asks Congress for funds to explore the land west of the Mississippi
His goal is to find a water route to the Pacific
Asks Clark to set up trade with Indian tribes they meet
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark depart on the expedition
Pasha of Tripoli declares war with the US
Jefferson refused to pay a bribe of $225,000 and an annual payment of $25,000 for safe passage through Med Sea.
Jefferson sent the first naval fleet to the area.
The ships included the President, Philadelphia, Essex and Enterprise.
1803 – Jefferson faces criticism for his decision for war
The Philadelphia runs aground in the Tripoli Harbor and its crew and captain are taken captive
Knowing there was no way to retake the ship, Stephen Decatur sneaks on board and blows it up!
A new fighting force was created to deal with sea to land invasions - MARINES
They see their first action at Tripoli make quick work of the pirates
A treaty is signed by the African nation after a year of fighting
Chief Justice John Marshall
Sought to increase Court’s power
Federalist ideas - John Adams attempts to "pack the court" with Feds
Jefferson denies the appointment of these Adams judges and Marbury sues Madison
Marbury v. Madison
McCullough v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Dartmouth v. Woodward
Jefferson cut the size of the military by more than half
French and British both threaten US ships on high seas
British impress American citizens (Chesapeake-Leonard Affair)
Jefferson decides to abandon all trade with the Embargo Act
This was highly unsuccessful and devastated the American Economy
The Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 was put in place to repeal the unsuccessful Embargo Act
Allowed trade with all nations except England and France
Strict interpretation of Constitution
weak central gov’t
Small gov’t and less taxes
Sided with the French
Presidency with no trappings
Why would we declare war on England again?
Violating Sea Rights
Supporting Native Attacks
Jefferson's Sec. of State
"Most Intelligent" FF
Father of the Constitution
Shortest 5'4" / Wears pants
Wins in 1808 and 1812
"Vision" of the War Hawks
Who Wants War?
Speaker of the House
"I'd rather be right than president."
1. Gain respect
2. Take Florida
3. Take Canada
4. Stop Indian attacks
Mr. Madison's War
August 24, 1814
DC was burned by British
Dolley Madison saved valuable historical documents before fleeing the city
The Defense of Fort McHenry
Brits sail from DC to Baltimore to take yet another city
Bomb the fort overnight from 2.5 miles out
watched the battle from a British ship, where he was trying to convince the British to release an American prisoner.
watched the bombs burst over Ft. McHenry, and the next morning…
Francis Scott Key
Our flag was still THERE!
Treaty of Ghent
Ends the war, but solved none of the problems between the US and England
"Status Quo Ante Bellum"
Never patented his inventions
House 79 - 49
Senate 19 - 13