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기독교 교육 심리학

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Young Kim

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of 기독교 교육 심리학

기독교 교육 심리학
Eric Erickson : 사회 심리 발달이론
프로이드 비판 2
보호자로서 역할을 감당할 수 있는 신을 심리적으로 만들었다는 것이다. 따라서 종교인은 억압된 욕망을 위장해서 실현하기 위하여 종교를 갖게 되었고1 이런 의 미에서 모든 종교적 교리는 입증할 수 없는 ‘환상’이라는 것이다)) 그는 종교를 “인류의 보편적인 강박증"(universal neurosis)으로 평가했고, 당시 인간문명이 진화하는 발달과정에서 이제 종교를 떠나 과학으로 나가얘}는 중대한 시점에 놓여 있다고 보았다. 이와 같이 종교를 극복되어야 할 심리학적 병리현상으로 간주한 프로이트의 정신분석학의 틀을 유지하면서도1 인간의 발달과정에서 필수불가결한 요소로 종교를 긍정적으로 평가하는 후기 프로이트주의자가 둥장하는데, 그가 바 로 에릭 에릭슨(Erik Erikson, 1902-1994)이다.
Eric Erick
Erik Erikson described development that occurs throughout the lifespan. Learn more in this chart summarizing Erikson's stages of psychosocial development.

Stage Basic Conflict Important Events Outcome
Infancy (birth to 18 months) Trust vs. Mistrust Feeding Children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliabilty, care, and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.
Early Childhood (2 to 3 years) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Toilet Training Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt.
Preschool (3 to 5 years) Initiative vs. Guilt Exploration Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.
School Age (6 to 11 years) Industry vs. Inferiority School Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.
Adolescence (12 to 18 years) Identity vs. Role Confusion Social Relationships Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.
Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years) Intimacy vs. Isolation Relationships Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation.
Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years) Generativity vs. Stagnation Work and Parenthood Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.
Maturity(65 to death) Ego Integrity vs. Despair Reflection on Life Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair.


PLAN 2
PLAN 3
EXECUTION
RESULTS
EXECUTION
RESULTS
SUCCESS?
SUCCESS?
SUCCESS?
YES!
YES!
YES!
NO!
NO!
NO!
WHAT NOW?
SUMMARY
RESULTS
SOLVED PROBLEMS
REMAINING PROBLEMS
NEW CHALLENGES
RESULTS
EXECUTION
프로이드 비판
지그문트 프로이트{Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939)의 정신분석학은 종교의 기원을 지나치게 성이론{sexual theory)에 집중시켜 설명했다는 지적을 받으며 심리학적 환원주의의 대표적 사례로 평가되어 왔다.1) 프로이트는 인간이 “자연력을 신으로 형상화한다"고 주장하며, 종교를 심리적 ‘환상’(illusion)으로 간주했다. 그에 따르 면, 신은 자연의 공포를 제거하고 죽음을 감수할 수 있게 해주며, 문명은 욕망을 억압하며 강요동}는 고통과 박탈을 보상해 주는 기능을 수행한다.2) 다시 랩, 인간은 아버지에 대한 동경과 스스로의 나약함에 대한 자아의 인식 때문에

Christian Educational Psychology
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