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PAPER 1 - TWELFTH NIGHT ACT 1

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Karen Griffiths

on 14 March 2018

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Transcript of PAPER 1 - TWELFTH NIGHT ACT 1

PAPER 1
PAPER 1
SHAKESPEARE: 2 questions. 45 mins each
1. Discuss the following passage from Act X Scene X , exploring Shakespeare’s use of language and its dramatic effects.
A02 - 75% A01 - 25% - 15 marks
2. (b) ‘Some sort of statement here.’
Using your knowledge of the play as a whole, show how far you agree with this view of Twelfth Night. Remember to support your answer with reference to different interpretations.
A01 - 50% A05 - 50% - 15 marks.
NO CONTEXT!
So - focus of revision should be
1. Language
2. Form
3. Structure
4. Dramatic impact
5. Interpretations/themes
SCENE 1
Consider the speeches of Orsino.
1. How does Shakespeare use language, form and structure as a means of introducing character?
2. Consider Valentine's speech as indirect characterisation of Olivia.
What themes would you say are introduced here?
WHAT ARE THE KEY THEMES OF THE PLAY?
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT SHAKESPEAREAN COMEDY?
https://www.bl.uk/shakespeare/articles/an-introduction-to-shakespeares-comedy
Think back to what we discussed about comedy and She Stoops.
Consider also, what Aristotle said in 'The Poetics' about comedy
What do we expect from a Shakespearean comedy?
SCENE 2
An introduction to Viola
Gather quotations that you think are important in terms of understanding how Shakespeare introduces her.
He was a bachelor then
Conceal me what I am, and be my aid
For such disguise as haply shall become
The form of my intent. I'll serve this duke:
Thou shall present me as an eunuch to him:
SCENE 3
In groups of 3 consider each of these characters. Pull out key quotations and consider their dramatic impact here and later in the play.
SCENE 4
Why does this scene exist?
What is the key theme that is worthy of discussion here?
Consider Shakespeare's use of IRONY in this scene.
CONSIDER THE CONTRAST BETWEEN OLIVIA AND VIOLA
Stretch and challenge
What did NORTHOP FRYE
say about Shakespearean comedy?
http://www.canadianshakespeares.ca/essays/langham_stratford_papers/Northrop_Frye_the_structure_and_spirit_of_comedy.pdf
SCENE 5
Consider carefully the exchange between Maria and Feste and Olivia and Feste in this scene.

This is an obvious choice by the examiners - Feste is ALL ABOUT LANGUAGE!! Be clear about what we expect from this character.


http://departments.knox.edu/engdept/commonroom/Volume_twelve/number_one/crouch/index.html
CRITICAL THEORY ON FESTE
http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1867&context=scripps_theses
Consider the structure of this scene - after a series of short scenes, characters all come together - why?
CLOSE ANALYSIS PRACTICE
Look closely at the conversation between Olivia and Viola.
I'm not always a fan of York Notes but I do like their analysis of this extract!
READ THE HAND OUT ESSAY - identify what is so good about it!
York notes have an online study guide!
SO - LET'S RECAP FROM AN A02 PERSPECTIVE
IF YOU HAD TO CHOOSE AN EXTRACT FOR THE EXAM FROM ACT 1 - WHICH WOULD IT BE?
Now let's think THEMATICALLY.
Which of these themes can be discussed in relation to Act 1?
LOVE
DISGUISE
DECEPTION
GENDER UNCERTAINTY
AMBITION
MELANCHOLY
MADNESS
CLASS
MISTAKEN IDENTITY
Create a mind - map for each theme - identify which quotes would be useful from ACT 1
NOW TAKE IT A STEP FURTHER
The essay is 50 % A05.
Looking at your mind maps, consider how a DEBATE might be formed around each of your themes.
RESEARCH TASK
Gather A05 material for each theme:
- Critics who write about this theme
- Different ways that at least 2 productions have tackled the theme.
- Literary theories that might support a debate here
ESSAY QUESTIONS THAT STRIKE ME HAVING THOUGHT FURTHER ABOUT ACT 1
' A primary concern of the play is the contrasting attitudes of men and women to love'
'The play’s dramatic impact springs from deception and disguise'

or

‘Delusion and excess are everywhere: the play is preoccupied with madness’

Using your knowledge of the play as a whole, show how far you agree with this view of Twelfth Night.
Remember to support your answer with reference to different interpretations.
or
NEXT WEEK - PREP ACT TWO
LOVE: Can we sub-categorise this theme any?
DISGUISE
DECEPTION
GENDER UNCERTAINTY
AMBITION
MELANCHOLY
MADNESS
CLASS
MISTAKEN IDENTITY

Toby, Maria and Andrew
- What does Act 1 establish in terms of characterisation?
- How far does Shakespeare's use of language and form help characterise each individual and their relationships with others?
- Based on Act 1 - what do you expect to see in terms of the LANGUAGE of each character?
- What is important dramatically for each scene in this Act?
- How do the events in this Act 'set up' later events in the play?
Kat Banyard, founder of UK Feminista
Everyone has a crucial role to play in ensuring that the growing calls for action against sexism translate into long-lasting change – and that includes our education institutions. To bring about a generational shift we have to stop schools being places where young people learn that sexism and sexual harassment are routine experiences, tolerated by those in positions of authority.

New research by UK Feminista and the National Education Union has found that sexual harassment, sexist language and gender stereotyping are rife in schools, yet teachers report feeling ill-equipped to respond. That is why Ofsted, teacher training providers and the Department for Education urgently need to step up and act now.
WHAT DOES/CAN STRODE'S DO TO SUPPORT ACTION AGAINST SEXISM?
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/08/sexist-agendas-finally-exposed-international-womens-day
Full transcript