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Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Social Development

Child Development 1 Class
by

Ashley Gerard

on 29 March 2016

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Transcript of Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Social Development

STAGE ONE
STAGE THREE
STAGE FOUR
(Fidelity)
Trust VS Mistrust
Industry VS Inferiority
STAGE FIVE
Erik Erikson
Intimacy VS Isolation
STAGE SIX
Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development
First Day of School
Marriage
Birth
3
25
Our lifetime of Milestones
Death
Physical
Social-Emotional
Cognitive
Psychologists have studied the relationships between milestones of
human aging
and
social-emotional
development.
They have developed theories about how personalities are shaped.
Id

Ego

Superego
Sigmund Freud wrote that an individual's personality development depends on the resolution of conflicts between childhood subconscious sexual urges and the demands of society.
Human Development includes five distinct stages!
ORAL
ANAL
PHALLIC
LATENT
GENITAL
Modern Psychologist
Refined and explained Freud's theories into 8 stages of development.
Erikson's Lifeline
1902
1994
In Grammar school, Erikson was teased for being Jewish.
Born
in Germany
Erikson felt uncomfortable as a German and as a Jewish boy.
This feeling was the basis for his notion of an "Identity Crisis" which he would later define when he became a psychologist.
1920
Met Anna Freud (Psychoanalyst daughter of Sigmund Freud)
Erikson studied child psychology with Anna in Vienna.
1933
Moved to the United States where he taught at Harvard and Yale
Erikson wrote that each stage of a person's life is characterized by a different
psychological crisis
that must be resolved before the person can
successfully

progress to the next stage.
The success of each stage depends on how well the previous crisis was resolved.
If a person does not resolve a crisis, it will continue to affect a person's development through life.
(Hope)
Birth - 18 Months
Trust
From warm and responsive care, infants gain a sense of trust.
Mistrust occurs when infants have to wait too long got comfort or are handled too harshly.
Mistrust
They feel confident and optimistic that the world is a good and safe place.
These babies are insecure and mistrustful.
STAGE TWO
Autonomy VS Shame & Doubt
(Will)
18 Months - 3 Years
Autonomy
Children now want to choose and decide for themselves.
Shame & Doubt
Autonomy is fostered when parents permit reasonable choice.
This becomes evident when children begin saying "NO" and throwing tantrums.
Would you like to wear the blue shirt or the red shirt today?
When parents are over-controlling and do not allow reasonable choice...
Children do not learn to be independent and begin to doubt their ability to make good choices.
When children do make choices on their own, parents must not shame them for making a "wrong" choice.
Initiative VS Guilt
(Purpose)
3-6 Years
Initiative
Through make-believe play, the healthy child learns...
Immobilized by guilt, the child is...
Guilt
1. To imagine and to broaden his/her skills.
2. To cooperate with others
3. To lead as well as to follow
1. Fearful
2. Hangs on the fringes of social groups
3. Continues to depend on adults
4. Is restricted both in the development of play skills and imagination.
(Competence)
6-12 Years
Industry
At school, children develop the capacity to work and cooperate with others.
Inferiority develops when negative experiences lead to feelings of incompetence.
Inferiority
Industry develops when children have successful experiences in...
School
Social Groups
Activities
Identity VS Role Confusion
12-20 Years
Identity
The adolescent tries to answer the questions, "Who am I? What is my place in society?"
The negative outcome is confusion about future adult roles.
Role Confusion
Self-chosen values and vocational goals lead to a lasting personal identity.
(Love)
20-35 Years
Intimacy
Young people are working on establishing intimate ties to others.
Because of earlier disappointments, some individuals cannot form close relationships with others and remain isolated.
Isolation
The successful adult can experience
true intimacy
, which makes things possible like...
Healthy Marriage
Enduring Friendships
STAGE SEVEN
Generativity VS Self-Absorption
(Care)
35-60 Years
Generativity
Generativity means
giving back to the next generation.
The person who fails in these areas feels an absence of meaningful accomplishment.
Self-Absorption
Child Rearing
Caring for other people
Meaningful & Productive Work
STAGE EIGHT
Integrity VS Despair
(Wisdom)
60 ----->
Integrity
Individuals reflect on the kind of person they have been.
Dissatisfied elder people are fearful of death.
Despair
Integrity results from feeling that like was worth living as it happened.
TRUST
INDEPENDENCE
&
SELF CONTROL
UNCONSCIOUS DRIVES
HOBY BUILDING
LASTING
RELATIONSHIPS
More on Freud in Child Development Two...
Full transcript