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Transcript of Egyptian Gods
Later became the son of Osiris and Nephythys.
Raised by Isis.
Preached along Osiris while he traveled the world.
Used Osiris' corpse to create the first mummy.
Became known as Lord of Mummy Wrappings.
Assisted with the judgement of the dead. Geb: Father of the Gods.
Pushed away from wife Nut by Ra.
Occasionally trapped the dead in his body.
Hathor: Goddess of the Sky.
Carried the dead to the Underworld.
Gave them food and drink from the Sycamore tree.
Royal coffins were made out of Sycamore trees in honor of Hathor. Isis: Goddess of the Underworld.
Brought the dead back to life. Nephthys: Assisted Isis with the embalming of Osiris' corpse.
Protected the body until burial. Osiris: Originally a God of Nature.
Later became God of the Dead.
Universal Lord of Egypt.
Murdered by Set.
Retired to the Underworld and supervised the Judgement of the Dead.
Depicted wrapped in mummy bandages with a crook and flail. Thoth: God of Knowledge.
Asissted with the burial of Osiris.
Osiris' vizier and scribe.
Recorded the verdict of the Judgement of the Dead. Ra: Every night he would journey to the Underworld.
Battle the evil serpent Apep.
The rising sun symbolized his triumph over the snake. Pharaohs: Sons of Ra.
After death they joined the gods in the Underworld. Embalming: Body is brought to an 'Ibu'.
Washed with Palm Wine.
Rinsed with water from the Nile River. Organs: Majore organs are removed from the body.
Incision is made on left side of the body.
Major organs are washed and dried out.
Heart is left in the body.
Brain is removed with a hook-like object through the nose. Drying: Layed out to dry.
Filled with natron to aid in drying out Repitition: Body left to dry for 40 days.
Washed with water from the Nile again.
More oils and wines are applied to help the body stay flexible. Stuffing: Dried organs are placed back into body.
Body is stuffed to seem more lifelike.
A third application of oils is then administered.
Wrapping: Head is wrapped first.
Appendages are wrapped separetely.
Arms and legs are then wrapped.
Trinkets and jewels are placed in the cloth for protection in the afterlife.
Arms and legs are then bound to each other.
More bandages are glued on after the Book of the Dead is placed between the hands.
An image of Osiris is then applied to the final coat of linen.
Wrapped in one more dark cloth.
Burial: Body is lowered into a coffin and then placed placed into a secondary coffin.
A funeral is then held for the family. Rituals: 'Opening of the Mouth' is performed so that the deceased may consume substinance again.
Coffins are placed inside a stone sarcophagus.
Tomb is decorated with furniture, jewels, and provisions for the afterlife.
Before the dead can enter the afterlife, his heart is judged in the 'Judgement of the Dead' ceremony.
Mummification Cultural Values Egyptians spent much of their lives preparing for death.
Out of this obsession, the pyramids came into fruition, as well as the practice of mummification.
Process originally reserved for pharaohs.
Survival after death required the 'ba' (physical body) and the 'ka' (spiritual existence).
Eventually, the Ba and the Ka would combine to form the Ankh, an eternal presence in the afterlife.
The deceased's name was also crucial. Should it be obliterated from the tomb, the person's existence in the afterlife would end. The study and memorization of passages from The Book of the Dead was essential.
Towards the end of the deceased's journey to the afterlife, he/she is judged by 14 members of the Court of the Dead. If survival in the afterlife was to be ensured, the tomb of the deceased needed to be provided with provisions and necessities.
Constant restocking of food, or images of food was necessary.
Daily pleasures and tools were also necessary.
The tomb was essentially a grainery to be filled with all the items a deceased person would use in while living.
They could then be called upon in the Field of Reeds to be used and consumed when necessary.
Due to this, grave robbery was the worst sin that could be comitted. It could condemn and erase the existence of the deceased person in the afterlife.