Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Reflective Practice

No description

kris backwell

on 4 February 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Reflective Practice

Johns C (2000) Becoming a reflective Practitioner. Oxford Blackwell Science
Kolb DA (1984) Experiential Learning: experience as the source of learning and development. New Jersey Prentice Hall.
Moon J (2004) A Handbook of Reflective and Experiential Learning: theory and practice. London Routledge Falmer
Palmer AM, Burns S& Bulman C (1994) Rrflective Practice in Nursing: the growth of the professional practitioner. Oxford Blackwell Science
Scaife J (2010) Supervising the reflective Practitioner: an essential guide to theory and practice. London Routledge
Schőn DA (1987) Educating the Reflective Practitioner. San Francisco Jossey Bass.
Thompson S& Thompson N (2008) The Critically Reflective Practitioner. Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan References and Bibliography Boud D, Keogh R& Walker I edit (1985) Reflection: Turning Experience into Learning. London Kogan Page
Cottrell S. (2005) Critical Thinking Skills. Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan
Edwards SL (1998) Critical thinking and analysis: a model for writing assignments. BJN 7(3) 1590166
Gibbs G (1988) Learning by doing: a guide to teaching and learning methods. London FEU
Driscoll JJ (1994) Reflective Practice for Practise- a framework of structured reflection for clinical areas. Senior Nurse 14 (1) 47-50
Ghaye A & Ghaye K (1998) Teaching and Learning through Critical Reflective Practice. London Fulton Publishers
Johns C (1995) The value of reflective practice for Nursing. JCN 4, 23030 Matter of choice
Adoption of a reflective approach
Organisational structure which inhibits rather than encourages reflection
Resistance to change
Lack of time
Past negative experiences/ presumptions
Lack of self awareness/ intervening skills
Other’s expectations
Negative factors which impede learning Barriers
Returning to the situation

Understanding the context

Modifying future outcomes Driscoll’s model of reflection
( 1994) Gibbs reflective cycle
( 1998) In Action:
Practising, influences decisions and care at that moment,
Promotes skilled and flexible responses of the expert practitioner

On Action:
After the event, views different interventions, adds knowledge
Promotes development of professional skills and knowledge Reflecting in and on Action
(Schőn 1987) Critical Analysis (Edwards 1998)

Re-evaluation (Boud 1985)

Reflection in and On Action (Schőn 1987)

Gibbs 1998

Driscoll 1994

Johns 1995 Models Misunderstanding of what is meant by criticism

Over estimating personal reasoning abilities

Lack of methods, strategies, practice

Reluctance to critique experts

Affective reasons

Mistaking information for understanding

Insufficient focus and attention to detail Barriers to Critical Thinking
(Cottrell 2005) Critical Thinking “An investigation whose purpose is to explore a situation, phenomenon, question, or problem to arrive at a hypothesis or conclusion about it that integrates all available information and that can be therefore be convincingly justified” Kurfiss 1988 Kolb’s Learning Cycle (1984) Enhance your self awareness

Develop creative answers to difficulties

Enhance your problem solving skills

Enhance your ability to evaluate

Enhance your ability to action plan for success

Make you an effective manager What can reflective practice do for me?
Reflection then includes hard systematic thinking and a soft initiative insight, leading to a plan of action based on critical evaluation of all the available evidence.

Don’t just think about what went wrong/well and why – also plan to improve skills if necessary, or to use those skills in future events

Involves self-questioning
Develops awareness of own assumptions

Draws on research and theory
Provides guidance and framework for practice Reflection To enable professional development
The ‘knowledge’ economy
Continuous professional development

To maintain quality
Reflecting on what went wrong and why = improvement
Reflecting on what went well and why = good practice Why should you be reflective practitioners?
‘ The art of writing things down helps you to clarify your thoughts and emotions, to work out strategies, and to focus on your development and progress…’

(Cottrell, 2001 p67)
Taking the opportunity to think about the work you are doing, as you do it, or after you have done it.
‘… looking back on an experience and making sense of it to identify what to do in the future.’

(Drew and Bingham, 2001 p221)

‘…do something, think about it what you did, come to conclusions about what you did and plan to try again.’

(Kolb 1984) What is Reflective Practice? Reflection “…reflection in the context of learning is a generic term for those intellectual and affective activities in which individuals engage to explore their experiences in order to lead to new understandings and appreciations” Reflection on Practice (Ghayle 1998) A 'reflective practitioner' is someone who does something and is automatically reflective

Reviews what happened and asks 'why?', 'how?’, ‘where?’, 'what?'

What skills can you take forward/ need to improve/develop?

How will I do this?

The best practitioners are constantly learning, evaluating and refining their practice, even after years of experience.

The next stage is to apply what you have learned from one situation to the next Assessment Reflective Practice Kris Backwell
Nursing Teacher GCIT Methods of Reflection Narrative First person

Learner centred

Links personal and professional development

Can be shared to allow for deeper reflection and comparison Critical Incident What was the situation


What happened

Reflection on the situation Boud 1985
Full transcript