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Writing Strategies

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by

Cullen Holbrook

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Writing Strategies

Summarizing
Students use their own words to explain concepts, ideas, or important text information around the lesson.
The summary should be brief (3-5 paragraphs) and include the most important points.
Brainstorm Before Writing
Brainstorming before writing is a way for students to become successful writers by being able to understand their ideas by thinking, speaking, and sharing them appropriately.
Brainstorming options include small or large groups discussions to get ideas flowing. Students can use notes they took, the book, or any other materials they have that will help them connect their ideas.
This strategy is especially helpful for ELL students. It offers an opportunity for students to think through and speak their thoughts clearly before writing.
Cause - Effect
After reading or observing, students will record cause and effect relationships in an organizer.
Organizers can be setup however the teacher prefers, but there must be a clear cause and effect.
By Cullen Holbrook
Monster Match
Students practice descriptive writing through the use of art. The student will draw a monster, write a brief description, and then read the description to the class.
As the student is reading their description, the rest of the class will then try to recreate the student's monster on paper based on the descriptive writing. They will then compare at the end so the student presenting can assess how the audience portrayed his description.
Star Student of the Day
One student gets to be the Star Student for the day, and the reading and writing lesson evolves around their interests. The Star Student will answer questions from their classmates, while the teacher writes down the responses. "[Insert name] favorite animal is a [insert their response]."
After the Star Student has answered all the questions from classmates, the teacher will read her responses to the class. Then, the students use the responses to practice their writing.
Concept Definition Map
A visual representation in which sub-concepts, vocabulary terms, and examples are used to relate to a main topic.
Main topic would be in the center and related definitions would be listed in connecting outside circles.
Perimeter
Definition: distance around a shape
Non-Example: not the inside part of shape
Example: the outside edges
Fact: all sides added equal the perimeter
Mathematics Concept Definition Map Example:
Cause - Effect: Science
Cause
There is no atmosphere on Venus
There is no life on Venus
Effect
How would you describe this...
...so your audience could draw a perfect
Monster Match!
Classroom Use
Summarizing can be used at the end of a lesson to assess students' understanding of the material. After discussing, reading, or teaching a Social Studies, Science, or ELA lesson, ask students to write a brief summary of the lesson using proper writing techniques.
Importance
This EC-6 Social Studies, Science, or ELA strategy is important because it requires students to recall main ideas in their own every day language. This allows students to begin analyzing larger concepts and recreating them with their own understanding and connections.
Classroom Use
This type of activity can be used any time during an ELA or Art lesson. The drawing can be used as a brain break and then the descriptive writing can relate directly to the lesson.
Importance
For an EC-6 ELA or Art lesson, this type of strategy helps students learn adjectives from their creative drawings. With the use of adjectives and descriptors, they are trying to perfectly reflect their drawings to others. In this strategy, students are learning from each other by seeing in their classmates' drawings how their description was received. The student can then reflect how they could change their descriptive writing.
Classroom Use
After studying a scientific system in EC-6 Science, students will organize a cause and effect chart. This can be used as a note chart as students study different scientific processes or it can be used at the end of lesson to review interacting components.
Importance
Promotes observation and analysis of component interaction, helps students identify variables in a solution, uncovers scientific questions for further investigation, and supports scientific process.
In doing so, students use their thought process through the use of science to become better writers.
Classroom Use
Brainstorming can be used at the beginning or end of a lesson. At the beginning of a lesson it would allow students to think and share their predictions on the upcoming material. Then they could write about why they made those predictions. If it is used at the end of a lesson, students would share what they learned through their connections to the material for the intent of writing their connections, ideas, or thoughts about the material.
Importance
An EC-6 Social Studies strategy helps students put their ideas in to words. Effective writing starts with organizing thoughts in to a process of words, and this helps students do that. It is a student-centered writing strategy helping students guide their own writing. Not only does this help students write better, it also builds on effective communication skills with peers.
Importance
Star Student strategy can be used for all subjects in the EC-6 grade range. This strategy helps the beginning reader and writer learn the basics. Based on the subject, classmates can ask questions that relate to the curriculum. "What is your favorite shape?" or "What is your favorite planet?"
The possibilities are endless, it helps students find out about each other, and it is a fun way to practice writing complete sentences.
Classroom Use
For the lower grade ranges, EC-2, this could be used as a learning tool at the beginning of a lesson. This would be a fun way to introduce material based on the questions being asked and the answers from the Star Student. For the 3-6 grade ranges, this could be used as a brain break activity. Instead of the teacher writing down the sentences, the students asking questions can act as reporters by recording their responses in complete sentences.
Classroom Use
This strategy can be used during or after a lesson to help students better understand main topics, as well as help the teacher assess students' needs on a topic.
Importance
EC-6 Mathematics students will be able to make connections between ideas, review, and access prior knowledge. Not only will students be able to review math topics, but they will also be using their own vocabulary and thought process to create their concept map.
Star Student
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