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CH504: Modern Church History & Latin America

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Anna Shevlin

on 8 August 2015

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Transcript of CH504: Modern Church History & Latin America

Latin America Prior to 1500: It Starts in Spain & Portugal Aztecs The Conquistadors Incas Initial Encounters with aboriginal people followed a similar pattern: Conquistadors would advance, seeking wealth while the aboriginal people were subjugated and become decimated. Bartolome de las Casas Latin America: 1600-1800 Spanish Envy -Spain tries to limit the expansion of the Latin American church -Power shifts from European born clergy to Creoles. Missional Creativity -Focus on Children and education -Contextualized the gospel -By the end of the 16th CE, there were 7million Christian Indians Pedro Claver 1580-1654 -Born in Catalonia -Spanish Jesuite Missionary Preist -"Patron Saint" of Slaves -Continued Father Alonso de Sandoval's work -Died of mental illness in 1654 -Canonized in 1888 Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz -Born in San Miguel Nepantla (modern day Mexico -Self taught scholar - nun -"The Tenth Muse of Mexico" -Defended education of women -Condemned by Archbishop of Mexico and censured -Died while ministering to plague victims 1651 – 1695 Latin America: 1800-2000 Latin American Independence Countries in Latin America by independence George Lisle Ashbel Green Simonton Protestantism Brazil was the birthplace of Protestantism in Latin America, though at first only among foreigners Protestantism in Latin America leaned on the liberal side in the late 19th century, a trend that would be reversed in the next century as the church began to be more involved in political matters. Pentecostalism Pentecostalism, Catholicism, and Politics in the late 20th century Pentecostalism was born in Brazil in 1911, then spread all over Latin America, especially among the poor Protestantism aligned with conservative politics and Catholicism aligned more with leftist-leaning social reform "The structures of social injustice have given a slow death to our poor..." -Monsignor Oscar Romero Liberation Theology This began in 1960's as radical Catholic reformers began to preach a social gospel “The Catholic Church has chosen the poor, but the poor chose the Pentecostals.” – Andrew Chesnut Gustavo Gutierrez 1928-present “The denunciation of injustice implies the rejection of the use of Christianity to legitimize the established order.” The Latin American Church Today The Modern Day Church Catholicism shares the religious stage with Protestantism
Religious expectations are centered on “miraculous” or “spectacular events.”
Catholic Renewal aka Catholicism’s brand of Pentecostalism appeals most to religious consumer tastes in Latin American
Protestantism influenced by American Tel-Evangelists The Church and Politics Clergy ceases to take center stage in politics
The Catholic Church repositions itself in and out of the political and social realm
Catholic & Protestant unite over moral issues The Catholic Conflict Liberal/Progressive Conservative/Traditional Tailor Catholicism to the social and economic needs of the common people.
forgiving on issues as poverty, contraception, abortion, and AIDS.
Example: Brazil – handing out condoms in attempt to curve predicting AIDS spike Enforce adherence to the long-established precepts of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church may have to make a choice to either alter policies or continue to see a steady decline in membership and participation. Statistics According to Pew's 2011 Global Christianity report 39% of Catholics world-wide live in Latin America
Latin America's 2010 Catholic population: 425, 490,00
72% of Latin America's population is Catholic
Argentina has the 11th largest Roman Catholic population in the world, numbering 31,020,000. This means 76.8% of the population is Catholic. Pope Alexander VI
1492-1503 The Treaty of Tordesillas Isabella of Castile
1474-1504 Ferdinand the Catholic
1452-1516 1484 – 1566 “The Indians… were totally deprived of their freedom and were put in the harshest, fiercest most horrible servitude and captivity which no one who has seen it can understand. Even bests enjoy more freedom when they are allowed to graze in the fields. But our Spaniards gave no such opportunity to Indians and truly considered them perpetual slaves… I sometimes came upon dead bodies on my way, and upon others who were grasping and moaning in their death agony repeating, ‘Hungry, hungry.’ And this was the freedom, the good treatment and the Christianity the Indians received.” Bernadino de Sahagun (1500 – 1590) Pope Francis The End Latin America prior to 1500--Steve Suiter
Latin America: 1600-1800--Matthew Pittman
Latin America: 1800-2000--Ashley Baldwin de Henriquez
Modern Day Latin America--Missy Patterson Sturd
Missionaries and Leaders--Allen O'Brien
Presentation--Anna Vredenburgh-Shevlin
Audio Production--Kyle Shevlin “There have been threats, arrests, tortures, murders, numbering in the hundreds and thousands....
But it is important to note why [the Church] has been persecuted. Not any and every priest has been persecuted, not any and every institution has been attacked. That part of the church has been attacked and persecuted that put itself on the side of the people and went to the people's defense. Here again we find the same key to understanding the persecution of the church: the poor.” Oscar Romero
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